Interface Elements


public interface Elements
Utility methods for operating on program elements.

Compatibility Note: Methods may be added to this interface in future releases of the platform.

Since:
1.6
See Also:
ProcessingEnvironment.getElementUtils()
  • Method Details

    • getPackageElement

      PackageElement getPackageElement​(CharSequence name)
      Returns a package given its fully qualified name if the package is unique in the environment. If running with modules, all modules in the modules graph are searched for matching packages.
      Parameters:
      name - fully qualified package name, or an empty string for an unnamed package
      Returns:
      the specified package, or null if it cannot be uniquely found
    • getPackageElement

      default PackageElement getPackageElement​(ModuleElement module, CharSequence name)
      Returns a package given its fully qualified name, as seen from the given module.
      Implementation Requirements:
      The default implementation of this method returns null.
      Parameters:
      name - fully qualified package name, or an empty string for an unnamed package
      module - module relative to which the lookup should happen
      Returns:
      the specified package, or null if it cannot be found
      Since:
      9
      See Also:
      getAllPackageElements(java.lang.CharSequence)
    • getAllPackageElements

      default Set<? extends PackageElement> getAllPackageElements​(CharSequence name)
      Returns all package elements with the given canonical name. There may be more than one package element with the same canonical name if the package elements are in different modules.
      Implementation Requirements:
      The default implementation of this method calls getAllModuleElements and stores the result. If the set of modules is empty, getPackageElement(name) is called passing through the name argument. If getPackageElement(name) is null, an empty set of package elements is returned; otherwise, a single-element set with the found package element is returned. If the set of modules is nonempty, the modules are iterated over and any non-null results of getPackageElement(module, name) are accumulated into a set. The set is then returned.
      Parameters:
      name - the canonical name
      Returns:
      the package elements, or an empty set if no package with the name can be found
      Since:
      9
      See Also:
      getPackageElement(ModuleElement, CharSequence)
    • getTypeElement

      TypeElement getTypeElement​(CharSequence name)
      Returns a type element given its canonical name if the type element is unique in the environment. If running with modules, all modules in the modules graph are searched for matching type elements.
      Parameters:
      name - the canonical name
      Returns:
      the named type element, or null if it cannot be uniquely found
    • getTypeElement

      default TypeElement getTypeElement​(ModuleElement module, CharSequence name)
      Returns a type element given its canonical name, as seen from the given module.
      Implementation Requirements:
      The default implementation of this method returns null.
      Parameters:
      name - the canonical name
      module - module relative to which the lookup should happen
      Returns:
      the named type element, or null if it cannot be found
      Since:
      9
      See Also:
      getAllTypeElements(java.lang.CharSequence)
    • getAllTypeElements

      default Set<? extends TypeElement> getAllTypeElements​(CharSequence name)
      Returns all type elements with the given canonical name. There may be more than one type element with the same canonical name if the type elements are in different modules.
      Implementation Requirements:
      The default implementation of this method calls getAllModuleElements and stores the result. If the set of modules is empty, getTypeElement(name) is called passing through the name argument. If getTypeElement(name) is null, an empty set of type elements is returned; otherwise, a single-element set with the found type element is returned. If the set of modules is nonempty, the modules are iterated over and any non-null results of getTypeElement(module, name) are accumulated into a set. The set is then returned.
      Parameters:
      name - the canonical name
      Returns:
      the type elements, or an empty set if no type with the name can be found
      Since:
      9
      See Also:
      getTypeElement(ModuleElement, CharSequence)
    • getModuleElement

      default ModuleElement getModuleElement​(CharSequence name)
      Returns a module element given its fully qualified name. If the requested module cannot be found, null is returned. One situation where a module cannot be found is if the environment does not include modules, such as an annotation processing environment configured for a source version without modules.
      Implementation Requirements:
      The default implementation of this method returns null.
      Parameters:
      name - the name, or an empty string for an unnamed module
      Returns:
      the named module element, or null if it cannot be found
      Since:
      9
      See Also:
      getAllModuleElements()
    • getAllModuleElements

      default Set<? extends ModuleElement> getAllModuleElements()
      Returns all module elements in the current environment. If no modules are present, an empty set is returned. One situation where no modules are present occurs when the environment does not include modules, such as an annotation processing environment configured for a source version without modules.
      Implementation Requirements:
      The default implementation of this method returns an empty set.
      Returns:
      the known module elements, or an empty set if there are no modules
      Since:
      9
      See Also:
      getModuleElement(CharSequence)
    • getElementValuesWithDefaults

      Map<? extends ExecutableElement,​? extends AnnotationValue> getElementValuesWithDefaults​(AnnotationMirror a)
      Returns the values of an annotation's elements, including defaults.
      Parameters:
      a - annotation to examine
      Returns:
      the values of the annotation's elements, including defaults
      See Also:
      AnnotationMirror.getElementValues()
    • getDocComment

      String getDocComment​(Element e)
      Returns the text of the documentation ("Javadoc") comment of an element.

      A documentation comment of an element is a comment that begins with "/**", ends with a separate "*/", and immediately precedes the element, ignoring white space. Therefore, a documentation comment contains at least three "*" characters. The text returned for the documentation comment is a processed form of the comment as it appears in source code. The leading "/**" and trailing "*/" are removed. For lines of the comment starting after the initial "/**", leading white space characters are discarded as are any consecutive "*" characters appearing after the white space or starting the line. The processed lines are then concatenated together (including line terminators) and returned.

      Parameters:
      e - the element being examined
      Returns:
      the documentation comment of the element, or null if there is none
      See Java Language Specification:
      3.6 White Space
    • isDeprecated

      boolean isDeprecated​(Element e)
      Returns true if the element is deprecated, false otherwise.
      Parameters:
      e - the element being examined
      Returns:
      true if the element is deprecated, false otherwise
    • getOrigin

      default Elements.Origin getOrigin​(Element e)
      Returns the origin of the given element.

      Note that if this method returns EXPLICIT and the element was created from a class file, then the element may not, in fact, correspond to an explicitly declared construct in source code. This is due to limitations of the fidelity of the class file format in preserving information from source code. For example, at least some versions of the class file format do not preserve whether a constructor was explicitly declared by the programmer or was implicitly declared as the default constructor.

      Implementation Requirements:
      The default implementation of this method returns EXPLICIT.
      Parameters:
      e - the element being examined
      Returns:
      the origin of the given element
      Since:
      9
    • getOrigin

      default Elements.Origin getOrigin​(AnnotatedConstruct c, AnnotationMirror a)
      Returns the origin of the given annotation mirror. An annotation mirror is mandated if it is an implicitly declared container annotation used to hold repeated annotations of a repeatable annotation type.

      Note that if this method returns EXPLICIT and the annotation mirror was created from a class file, then the element may not, in fact, correspond to an explicitly declared construct in source code. This is due to limitations of the fidelity of the class file format in preserving information from source code. For example, at least some versions of the class file format do not preserve whether an annotation was explicitly declared by the programmer or was implicitly declared as a container annotation.

      Implementation Requirements:
      The default implementation of this method returns EXPLICIT.
      Parameters:
      c - the construct the annotation mirror modifies
      a - the annotation mirror being examined
      Returns:
      the origin of the given annotation mirror
      See Java Language Specification:
      9.6.3 Repeatable Annotation Types
      9.7.5 Multiple Annotations of the Same Type
      Since:
      9
    • getOrigin

      default Elements.Origin getOrigin​(ModuleElement m, ModuleElement.Directive directive)
      Returns the origin of the given module directive.

      Note that if this method returns EXPLICIT and the module directive was created from a class file, then the module directive may not, in fact, correspond to an explicitly declared construct in source code. This is due to limitations of the fidelity of the class file format in preserving information from source code. For example, at least some versions of the class file format do not preserve whether a uses directive was explicitly declared by the programmer or was added as a synthetic construct.

      Note that an implementation may not be able to reliably determine the origin status of the directive if the directive is created from a class file due to limitations of the fidelity of the class file format in preserving information from source code.

      Implementation Requirements:
      The default implementation of this method returns EXPLICIT.
      Parameters:
      m - the module of the directive
      directive - the module directive being examined
      Returns:
      the origin of the given directive
      Since:
      9
    • isBridge

      default boolean isBridge​(ExecutableElement e)
      Returns true if the executable element is a bridge method, false otherwise.
      Implementation Requirements:
      The default implementation of this method returns false.
      Parameters:
      e - the executable being examined
      Returns:
      true if the executable element is a bridge method, false otherwise
      Since:
      9
    • getBinaryName

      Name getBinaryName​(TypeElement type)
      Returns the binary name of a type element.
      Parameters:
      type - the type element being examined
      Returns:
      the binary name
      See Java Language Specification:
      13.1 The Form of a Binary
      See Also:
      TypeElement.getQualifiedName()
    • getPackageOf

      PackageElement getPackageOf​(Element e)
      Returns the package of an element. The package of a package is itself. The package of a module is null. The package of a top-level type is its enclosing package. Otherwise, the package of an element is equal to the package of the enclosing element.
      Parameters:
      e - the element being examined
      Returns:
      the package of an element
    • getModuleOf

      default ModuleElement getModuleOf​(Element e)
      Returns the module of an element. The module of a module is itself. If a package has a module as its enclosing element, that module is the module of the package. If the enclosing element of a package is null, null is returned for the package's module. (One situation where a package may have a null module is if the environment does not include modules, such as an annotation processing environment configured for a source version without modules.) Otherwise, the module of an element is equal to the module of the package of the element.
      Implementation Requirements:
      The default implementation of this method returns null.
      Parameters:
      e - the element being examined
      Returns:
      the module of an element
      Since:
      9
    • getAllMembers

      List<? extends Element> getAllMembers​(TypeElement type)
      Returns all members of a type element, whether inherited or declared directly. For a class the result also includes its constructors, but not local or anonymous classes.
      API Note:
      Elements of certain kinds can be isolated using methods in ElementFilter.
      Parameters:
      type - the type being examined
      Returns:
      all members of the type
      See Also:
      Element.getEnclosedElements()
    • getAllAnnotationMirrors

      List<? extends AnnotationMirror> getAllAnnotationMirrors​(Element e)
      Returns all annotations present on an element, whether directly present or present via inheritance.

      Note that any annotations returned by this method are declaration annotations.

      Parameters:
      e - the element being examined
      Returns:
      all annotations of the element
      See Also:
      Element.getAnnotationMirrors(), AnnotatedConstruct
    • hides

      boolean hides​(Element hider, Element hidden)
      Tests whether one type, method, or field hides another.
      Parameters:
      hider - the first element
      hidden - the second element
      Returns:
      true if and only if the first element hides the second
      See Java Language Specification:
      8.4.8 Inheritance, Overriding, and Hiding
    • overrides

      boolean overrides​(ExecutableElement overrider, ExecutableElement overridden, TypeElement type)
      Tests whether one method, as a member of a given type, overrides another method. When a non-abstract method overrides an abstract one, the former is also said to implement the latter.

      In the simplest and most typical usage, the value of the type parameter will simply be the class or interface directly enclosing overrider (the possibly-overriding method). For example, suppose m1 represents the method String.hashCode and m2 represents Object.hashCode. We can then ask whether m1 overrides m2 within the class String (it does):

      assert elements.overrides(m1, m2, elements.getTypeElement("java.lang.String"));
      A more interesting case can be illustrated by the following example in which a method in type A does not override a like-named method in type B:
      class A { public void m() {} }
      interface B { void m(); }
      ...
      m1 = ...; // A.m
      m2 = ...; // B.m
      assert ! elements.overrides(m1, m2, elements.getTypeElement("A"));
      When viewed as a member of a third type C, however, the method in A does override the one in B:
      class C extends A implements B {}
      ...
      assert elements.overrides(m1, m2, elements.getTypeElement("C"));

      Parameters:
      overrider - the first method, possible overrider
      overridden - the second method, possibly being overridden
      type - the type of which the first method is a member
      Returns:
      true if and only if the first method overrides the second
      See Java Language Specification:
      8.4.8 Inheritance, Overriding, and Hiding
      9.4.1 Inheritance and Overriding
    • getConstantExpression

      String getConstantExpression​(Object value)
      Returns the text of a constant expression representing a primitive value or a string. The text returned is in a form suitable for representing the value in source code.
      Parameters:
      value - a primitive value or string
      Returns:
      the text of a constant expression
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - if the argument is not a primitive value or string
      See Also:
      VariableElement.getConstantValue()
    • printElements

      void printElements​(Writer w, Element... elements)
      Prints a representation of the elements to the given writer in the specified order. The main purpose of this method is for diagnostics. The exact format of the output is not specified and is subject to change.
      Parameters:
      w - the writer to print the output to
      elements - the elements to print
    • getName

      Name getName​(CharSequence cs)
      Return a name with the same sequence of characters as the argument.
      Parameters:
      cs - the character sequence to return as a name
      Returns:
      a name with the same sequence of characters as the argument
    • isFunctionalInterface

      boolean isFunctionalInterface​(TypeElement type)
      Returns true if the type element is a functional interface, false otherwise.
      Parameters:
      type - the type element being examined
      Returns:
      true if the element is a functional interface, false otherwise
      See Java Language Specification:
      9.8 Functional Interfaces
      Since:
      1.8
    • recordComponentFor

      default RecordComponentElement recordComponentFor​(ExecutableElement accessor)
      This method is associated with records, a preview feature of the Java language. Preview features may be removed in a future release, or upgraded to permanent features of the Java language.

      Returns the record component for the given accessor. Returns null if the given method is not a record component accessor.
      Implementation Requirements:
      The default implementation of this method checks if the element enclosing the accessor has kind RECORD if that is the case, then all the record components on the accessor's enclosing element are retrieved by invoking ElementFilter.recordComponentsIn(Iterable). If the accessor of at least one of the record components retrieved happen to be equal to the accessor passed as a parameter to this method, then that record component is returned, in any other case null is returned.
      Parameters:
      accessor - the method for which the record component should be found.
      Returns:
      the record component, or null if the given method is not an record component accessor
      Since:
      14