Module java.desktop

Class AudioInputStream

java.lang.Object
java.io.InputStream
javax.sound.sampled.AudioInputStream
All Implemented Interfaces:
Closeable, AutoCloseable

public class AudioInputStream
extends InputStream
An audio input stream is an input stream with a specified audio format and length. The length is expressed in sample frames, not bytes. Several methods are provided for reading a certain number of bytes from the stream, or an unspecified number of bytes. The audio input stream keeps track of the last byte that was read. You can skip over an arbitrary number of bytes to get to a later position for reading. An audio input stream may support marks. When you set a mark, the current position is remembered so that you can return to it later.

The AudioSystem class includes many methods that manipulate AudioInputStream objects. For example, the methods let you:

  • obtain an audio input stream from an external audio file, stream, or URL
  • write an external file from an audio input stream
  • convert an audio input stream to a different audio format

Since:
1.3
See Also:
AudioSystem, Clip.open(AudioInputStream)
  • Field Summary

    Fields
    Modifier and Type Field Description
    protected AudioFormat format
    The format of the audio data contained in the stream.
    protected long frameLength
    This stream's length, in sample frames.
    protected long framePos
    The current position in this stream, in sample frames (zero-based).
    protected int frameSize
    The size of each frame, in bytes.
  • Constructor Summary

    Constructors
    Constructor Description
    AudioInputStream​(InputStream stream, AudioFormat format, long length)
    Constructs an audio input stream that has the requested format and length in sample frames, using audio data from the specified input stream.
    AudioInputStream​(TargetDataLine line)
    Constructs an audio input stream that reads its data from the target data line indicated.
  • Method Summary

    Modifier and Type Method Description
    int available()
    Returns the maximum number of bytes that can be read (or skipped over) from this audio input stream without blocking.
    void close()
    Closes this audio input stream and releases any system resources associated with the stream.
    AudioFormat getFormat()
    Obtains the audio format of the sound data in this audio input stream.
    long getFrameLength()
    Obtains the length of the stream, expressed in sample frames rather than bytes.
    void mark​(int readlimit)
    Marks the current position in this audio input stream.
    boolean markSupported()
    Tests whether this audio input stream supports the mark and reset methods.
    int read()
    Reads the next byte of data from the audio input stream.
    int read​(byte[] b)
    Reads some number of bytes from the audio input stream and stores them into the buffer array b.
    int read​(byte[] b, int off, int len)
    Reads up to a specified maximum number of bytes of data from the audio stream, putting them into the given byte array.
    void reset()
    Repositions this audio input stream to the position it had at the time its mark method was last invoked.
    long skip​(long n)
    Skips over and discards a specified number of bytes from this audio input stream.

    Methods declared in class java.lang.Object

    clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
  • Field Details

    • format

      protected AudioFormat format
      The format of the audio data contained in the stream.
    • frameLength

      protected long frameLength
      This stream's length, in sample frames.
    • frameSize

      protected int frameSize
      The size of each frame, in bytes.
    • framePos

      protected long framePos
      The current position in this stream, in sample frames (zero-based).
  • Constructor Details

    • AudioInputStream

      public AudioInputStream​(InputStream stream, AudioFormat format, long length)
      Constructs an audio input stream that has the requested format and length in sample frames, using audio data from the specified input stream.
      Parameters:
      stream - the stream on which this AudioInputStream object is based
      format - the format of this stream's audio data
      length - the length in sample frames of the data in this stream
    • AudioInputStream

      public AudioInputStream​(TargetDataLine line)
      Constructs an audio input stream that reads its data from the target data line indicated. The format of the stream is the same as that of the target data line, and the length is AudioSystem#NOT_SPECIFIED.
      Parameters:
      line - the target data line from which this stream obtains its data
      See Also:
      AudioSystem.NOT_SPECIFIED
  • Method Details

    • getFormat

      public AudioFormat getFormat()
      Obtains the audio format of the sound data in this audio input stream.
      Returns:
      an audio format object describing this stream's format
    • getFrameLength

      public long getFrameLength()
      Obtains the length of the stream, expressed in sample frames rather than bytes.
      Returns:
      the length in sample frames
    • read

      public int read() throws IOException
      Reads the next byte of data from the audio input stream. The audio input stream's frame size must be one byte, or an IOException will be thrown.
      Specified by:
      read in class InputStream
      Returns:
      the next byte of data, or -1 if the end of the stream is reached
      Throws:
      IOException - if an input or output error occurs
      See Also:
      read(byte[], int, int), read(byte[]), available()
    • read

      public int read​(byte[] b) throws IOException
      Reads some number of bytes from the audio input stream and stores them into the buffer array b. The number of bytes actually read is returned as an integer. This method blocks until input data is available, the end of the stream is detected, or an exception is thrown.

      This method will always read an integral number of frames. If the length of the array is not an integral number of frames, a maximum of b.length - (b.length % frameSize) bytes will be read.

      Overrides:
      read in class InputStream
      Parameters:
      b - the buffer into which the data is read
      Returns:
      the total number of bytes read into the buffer, or -1 if there is no more data because the end of the stream has been reached
      Throws:
      IOException - if an input or output error occurs
      See Also:
      read(byte[], int, int), read(), available()
    • read

      public int read​(byte[] b, int off, int len) throws IOException
      Reads up to a specified maximum number of bytes of data from the audio stream, putting them into the given byte array.

      This method will always read an integral number of frames. If len does not specify an integral number of frames, a maximum of len - (len % frameSize) bytes will be read.

      Overrides:
      read in class InputStream
      Parameters:
      b - the buffer into which the data is read
      off - the offset, from the beginning of array b, at which the data will be written
      len - the maximum number of bytes to read
      Returns:
      the total number of bytes read into the buffer, or -1 if there is no more data because the end of the stream has been reached
      Throws:
      IOException - if an input or output error occurs
      See Also:
      read(byte[]), read(), skip(long), available()
    • skip

      public long skip​(long n) throws IOException
      Skips over and discards a specified number of bytes from this audio input stream.

      This method will always skip an integral number of frames. If n does not specify an integral number of frames, a maximum of n - (n % frameSize) bytes will be skipped.

      Overrides:
      skip in class InputStream
      Parameters:
      n - the requested number of bytes to be skipped
      Returns:
      the actual number of bytes skipped
      Throws:
      IOException - if an input or output error occurs
      See Also:
      read(), available()
    • available

      public int available() throws IOException
      Returns the maximum number of bytes that can be read (or skipped over) from this audio input stream without blocking. This limit applies only to the next invocation of a read or skip method for this audio input stream; the limit can vary each time these methods are invoked. Depending on the underlying stream, an IOException may be thrown if this stream is closed.
      Overrides:
      available in class InputStream
      Returns:
      the number of bytes that can be read from this audio input stream without blocking
      Throws:
      IOException - if an input or output error occurs
      See Also:
      read(byte[], int, int), read(byte[]), read(), skip(long)
    • close

      public void close() throws IOException
      Closes this audio input stream and releases any system resources associated with the stream.
      Specified by:
      close in interface AutoCloseable
      Specified by:
      close in interface Closeable
      Overrides:
      close in class InputStream
      Throws:
      IOException - if an input or output error occurs
    • mark

      public void mark​(int readlimit)
      Marks the current position in this audio input stream.
      Overrides:
      mark in class InputStream
      Parameters:
      readlimit - the maximum number of bytes that can be read before the mark position becomes invalid
      See Also:
      reset(), markSupported()
    • reset

      public void reset() throws IOException
      Repositions this audio input stream to the position it had at the time its mark method was last invoked.
      Overrides:
      reset in class InputStream
      Throws:
      IOException - if an input or output error occurs
      See Also:
      mark(int), markSupported()
    • markSupported

      public boolean markSupported()
      Tests whether this audio input stream supports the mark and reset methods.
      Overrides:
      markSupported in class InputStream
      Returns:
      true if this stream supports the mark and reset methods; false otherwise
      See Also:
      mark(int), reset()