Package java.net.http

Class HttpRequest.BodyPublishers

java.lang.Object
java.net.http.HttpRequest.BodyPublishers
Enclosing class:
HttpRequest

public static class HttpRequest.BodyPublishers
extends Object
Implementations of BodyPublisher that implement various useful publishers, such as publishing the request body from a String, or from a file.

The following are examples of using the predefined body publishers to convert common high-level Java objects into a flow of data suitable for sending as a request body:

   // Request body from a String
   HttpRequest request = HttpRequest.newBuilder()
        .uri(URI.create("https://foo.com/"))
        .header("Content-Type", "text/plain; charset=UTF-8")
        .POST(BodyPublishers.ofString("some body text"))
        .build();

   // Request body from a File
   HttpRequest request = HttpRequest.newBuilder()
        .uri(URI.create("https://foo.com/"))
        .header("Content-Type", "application/json")
        .POST(BodyPublishers.ofFile(Paths.get("file.json")))
        .build();

   // Request body from a byte array
   HttpRequest request = HttpRequest.newBuilder()
        .uri(URI.create("https://foo.com/"))
        .POST(BodyPublishers.ofByteArray(new byte[] { ... }))
        .build(); 

Since:
11
  • Method Details

    • fromPublisher

      public static HttpRequest.BodyPublisher fromPublisher​(Flow.Publisher<? extends ByteBuffer> publisher)
      Returns a request body publisher whose body is retrieved from the given Flow.Publisher. The returned request body publisher has an unknown content length.
      API Note:
      This method can be used as an adapter between BodyPublisher and Flow.Publisher, where the amount of request body that the publisher will publish is unknown.
      Parameters:
      publisher - the publisher responsible for publishing the body
      Returns:
      a BodyPublisher
    • fromPublisher

      public static HttpRequest.BodyPublisher fromPublisher​(Flow.Publisher<? extends ByteBuffer> publisher, long contentLength)
      Returns a request body publisher whose body is retrieved from the given Flow.Publisher. The returned request body publisher has the given content length.

      The given contentLength is a positive number, that represents the exact amount of bytes the publisher must publish.

      API Note:
      This method can be used as an adapter between BodyPublisher and Flow.Publisher, where the amount of request body that the publisher will publish is known.
      Parameters:
      publisher - the publisher responsible for publishing the body
      contentLength - a positive number representing the exact amount of bytes the publisher will publish
      Returns:
      a BodyPublisher
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - if the content length is non-positive
    • ofString

      public static HttpRequest.BodyPublisher ofString​(String body)
      Returns a request body publisher whose body is the given String, converted using the UTF_8 character set.
      Parameters:
      body - the String containing the body
      Returns:
      a BodyPublisher
    • ofString

      public static HttpRequest.BodyPublisher ofString​(String s, Charset charset)
      Returns a request body publisher whose body is the given String, converted using the given character set.
      Parameters:
      s - the String containing the body
      charset - the character set to convert the string to bytes
      Returns:
      a BodyPublisher
    • ofInputStream

      public static HttpRequest.BodyPublisher ofInputStream​(Supplier<? extends InputStream> streamSupplier)
      A request body publisher that reads its data from an InputStream. A Supplier of InputStream is used in case the request needs to be repeated, as the content is not buffered. The Supplier may return null on subsequent attempts, in which case the request fails.
      Parameters:
      streamSupplier - a Supplier of open InputStreams
      Returns:
      a BodyPublisher
    • ofByteArray

      public static HttpRequest.BodyPublisher ofByteArray​(byte[] buf)
      Returns a request body publisher whose body is the given byte array.
      Parameters:
      buf - the byte array containing the body
      Returns:
      a BodyPublisher
    • ofByteArray

      public static HttpRequest.BodyPublisher ofByteArray​(byte[] buf, int offset, int length)
      Returns a request body publisher whose body is the content of the given byte array of length bytes starting from the specified offset.
      Parameters:
      buf - the byte array containing the body
      offset - the offset of the first byte
      length - the number of bytes to use
      Returns:
      a BodyPublisher
      Throws:
      IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the sub-range is defined to be out of bounds
    • ofFile

      public static HttpRequest.BodyPublisher ofFile​(Path path) throws FileNotFoundException
      A request body publisher that takes data from the contents of a File.

      Security manager permission checks are performed in this factory method, when the BodyPublisher is created. Care must be taken that the BodyPublisher is not shared with untrusted code.

      Parameters:
      path - the path to the file containing the body
      Returns:
      a BodyPublisher
      Throws:
      FileNotFoundException - if the path is not found
      SecurityException - if opening the file for reading is denied: in the case of the system-default file system provider, and a security manager is installed, checkRead is invoked to check read access to the given file
    • ofByteArrays

      public static HttpRequest.BodyPublisher ofByteArrays​(Iterable<byte[]> iter)
      A request body publisher that takes data from an Iterable of byte arrays. An Iterable is provided which supplies Iterator instances. Each attempt to send the request results in one invocation of the Iterable.
      Parameters:
      iter - an Iterable of byte arrays
      Returns:
      a BodyPublisher
    • noBody

      public static HttpRequest.BodyPublisher noBody()
      A request body publisher which sends no request body.
      Returns:
      a BodyPublisher which completes immediately and sends no request body.