Module java.xml

Class TransformerFactory

java.lang.Object
javax.xml.transform.TransformerFactory
Direct Known Subclasses:
SAXTransformerFactory

public abstract class TransformerFactory
extends Object

A TransformerFactory instance can be used to create Transformer and Templates objects.

The system property that determines which Factory implementation to create is named "javax.xml.transform.TransformerFactory". This property names a concrete subclass of the TransformerFactory abstract class. If the property is not defined, a platform default is be used.

Since:
1.5
  • Constructor Details

    • TransformerFactory

      protected TransformerFactory()
      Default constructor is protected on purpose.
  • Method Details

    • newDefaultInstance

      public static TransformerFactory newDefaultInstance()
      Creates a new instance of the TransformerFactory builtin system-default implementation.
      Returns:
      A new instance of the TransformerFactory builtin system-default implementation.
      Since:
      9
    • newInstance

      public static TransformerFactory newInstance() throws TransformerFactoryConfigurationError
      Obtain a new instance of a TransformerFactory. This static method creates a new factory instance.

      This method uses the following ordered lookup procedure to determine the TransformerFactory implementation class to load:

      • Use the javax.xml.transform.TransformerFactory system property.
      • Use the configuration file "jaxp.properties". The file is in standard Properties format and typically located in the conf directory of the Java installation. It contains the fully qualified name of the implementation class with the key being the system property defined above.

        The jaxp.properties file is read only once by the JAXP implementation and its values are then cached for future use. If the file does not exist when the first attempt is made to read from it, no further attempts are made to check for its existence. It is not possible to change the value of any property in jaxp.properties after it has been read for the first time.

      • Use the service-provider loading facility, defined by the ServiceLoader class, to attempt to locate and load an implementation of the service using the default loading mechanism: the service-provider loading facility will use the current thread's context class loader to attempt to load the service. If the context class loader is null, the system class loader will be used.

      • Otherwise, the system-default implementation is returned.

      Once an application has obtained a reference to a TransformerFactory it can use the factory to configure and obtain transformer instances.

      Returns:
      new TransformerFactory instance, never null.
      Throws:
      TransformerFactoryConfigurationError - Thrown in case of service configuration error or if the implementation is not available or cannot be instantiated.
    • newInstance

      public static TransformerFactory newInstance​(String factoryClassName, ClassLoader classLoader) throws TransformerFactoryConfigurationError
      Obtain a new instance of a TransformerFactory from factory class name. This function is useful when there are multiple providers in the classpath. It gives more control to the application as it can specify which provider should be loaded.

      Once an application has obtained a reference to a TransformerFactory it can use the factory to configure and obtain transformer instances.

      Tip for Trouble-shooting

      Setting the jaxp.debug system property will cause this method to print a lot of debug messages to System.err about what it is doing and where it is looking at.

      If you have problems try:

       java -Djaxp.debug=1 YourProgram ....
       

      Parameters:
      factoryClassName - fully qualified factory class name that provides implementation of javax.xml.transform.TransformerFactory.
      classLoader - ClassLoader used to load the factory class. If null current Thread's context classLoader is used to load the factory class.
      Returns:
      new TransformerFactory instance, never null.
      Throws:
      TransformerFactoryConfigurationError - if factoryClassName is null, or the factory class cannot be loaded, instantiated.
      Since:
      1.6
      See Also:
      newInstance()
    • newTransformer

      public abstract Transformer newTransformer​(Source source) throws TransformerConfigurationException
      Process the Source into a Transformer Object. The Source is an XSLT document that conforms to XSL Transformations (XSLT) Version 1.0. Care must be taken not to use this Transformer in multiple Threads running concurrently. Different TransformerFactories can be used concurrently by different Threads.
      Parameters:
      source - Source of XSLT document used to create Transformer. Examples of XML Sources include DOMSource, SAXSource, and StreamSource.
      Returns:
      A Transformer object that may be used to perform a transformation in a single Thread, never null.
      Throws:
      TransformerConfigurationException - Thrown if there are errors when parsing the Source or it is not possible to create a Transformer instance.
      See Also:
      XSL Transformations (XSLT) Version 1.0
    • newTransformer

      public abstract Transformer newTransformer() throws TransformerConfigurationException
      Create a new Transformer that performs a copy of the Source to the Result, i.e. the "identity transform".
      Returns:
      A Transformer object that may be used to perform a transformation in a single thread, never null.
      Throws:
      TransformerConfigurationException - When it is not possible to create a Transformer instance.
    • newTemplates

      public abstract Templates newTemplates​(Source source) throws TransformerConfigurationException
      Process the Source into a Templates object, which is a a compiled representation of the source. This Templates object may then be used concurrently across multiple threads. Creating a Templates object allows the TransformerFactory to do detailed performance optimization of transformation instructions, without penalizing runtime transformation.
      Parameters:
      source - An object that holds a URL, input stream, etc.
      Returns:
      A Templates object capable of being used for transformation purposes, never null.
      Throws:
      TransformerConfigurationException - When parsing to construct the Templates object fails.
    • getAssociatedStylesheet

      public abstract Source getAssociatedStylesheet​(Source source, String media, String title, String charset) throws TransformerConfigurationException
      Get the stylesheet specification(s) associated with the XML Source document via the xml-stylesheet processing instruction that match the given criteria. Note that it is possible to return several stylesheets, in which case they are applied as if they were a list of imports or cascades in a single stylesheet.
      Parameters:
      source - The XML source document.
      media - The media attribute to be matched. May be null, in which case the prefered templates will be used (i.e. alternate = no).
      title - The value of the title attribute to match. May be null.
      charset - The value of the charset attribute to match. May be null.
      Returns:
      A Source Object suitable for passing to the TransformerFactory.
      Throws:
      TransformerConfigurationException - An Exception is thrown if an error occurings during parsing of the source.
      See Also:
      Associating Style Sheets with XML documents Version 1.0
    • setURIResolver

      public abstract void setURIResolver​(URIResolver resolver)
      Set an object that is used by default during the transformation to resolve URIs used in document(), xsl:import, or xsl:include.
      Parameters:
      resolver - An object that implements the URIResolver interface, or null.
    • getURIResolver

      public abstract URIResolver getURIResolver()
      Get the object that is used by default during the transformation to resolve URIs used in document(), xsl:import, or xsl:include.
      Returns:
      The URIResolver that was set with setURIResolver.
    • setFeature

      public abstract void setFeature​(String name, boolean value) throws TransformerConfigurationException

      Set a feature for this TransformerFactory and Transformers or Templates created by this factory.

      Feature names are fully qualified URIs. Implementations may define their own features. An TransformerConfigurationException is thrown if this TransformerFactory or the Transformers or Templates it creates cannot support the feature. It is possible for an TransformerFactory to expose a feature value but be unable to change its state.

      All implementations are required to support the XMLConstants.FEATURE_SECURE_PROCESSING feature. When the feature is:

      • true: the implementation will limit XML processing to conform to implementation limits and behave in a secure fashion as defined by the implementation. Examples include resolving user defined style sheets and functions. If XML processing is limited for security reasons, it will be reported via a call to the registered ErrorListener.fatalError(TransformerException exception). See setErrorListener(ErrorListener listener).
      • false: the implementation will processing XML according to the XML specifications without regard to possible implementation limits.

      Parameters:
      name - Feature name.
      value - Is feature state true or false.
      Throws:
      TransformerConfigurationException - if this TransformerFactory or the Transformers or Templates it creates cannot support this feature.
      NullPointerException - If the name parameter is null.
    • getFeature

      public abstract boolean getFeature​(String name)
      Look up the value of a feature.

      Feature names are fully qualified URIs. Implementations may define their own features. false is returned if this TransformerFactory or the Transformers or Templates it creates cannot support the feature. It is possible for an TransformerFactory to expose a feature value but be unable to change its state.

      Parameters:
      name - Feature name.
      Returns:
      The current state of the feature, true or false.
      Throws:
      NullPointerException - If the name parameter is null.
    • setAttribute

      public abstract void setAttribute​(String name, Object value)
      Allows the user to set specific attributes on the underlying implementation. An attribute in this context is defined to be an option that the implementation provides. An IllegalArgumentException is thrown if the underlying implementation doesn't recognize the attribute.

      All implementations that implement JAXP 1.5 or newer are required to support the XMLConstants.ACCESS_EXTERNAL_DTD and XMLConstants.ACCESS_EXTERNAL_STYLESHEET properties.

      Parameters:
      name - The name of the attribute.
      value - The value of the attribute.
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - When implementation does not recognize the attribute.
    • getAttribute

      public abstract Object getAttribute​(String name)
      Allows the user to retrieve specific attributes on the underlying implementation. An IllegalArgumentException is thrown if the underlying implementation doesn't recognize the attribute.
      Parameters:
      name - The name of the attribute.
      Returns:
      value The value of the attribute.
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - When implementation does not recognize the attribute.
    • setErrorListener

      public abstract void setErrorListener​(ErrorListener listener)
      Set the error event listener for the TransformerFactory, which is used for the processing of transformation instructions, and not for the transformation itself. An IllegalArgumentException is thrown if the ErrorListener listener is null.
      Parameters:
      listener - The new error listener.
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - When listener is null
    • getErrorListener

      public abstract ErrorListener getErrorListener()
      Get the error event handler for the TransformerFactory.
      Returns:
      The current error handler, which should never be null.