Module java.base

Class X509CRL

java.lang.Object
java.security.cert.CRL
java.security.cert.X509CRL
All Implemented Interfaces:
X509Extension

public abstract class X509CRL extends CRL implements X509Extension

Abstract class for an X.509 Certificate Revocation List (CRL). A CRL is a time-stamped list identifying revoked certificates. It is signed by a Certificate Authority (CA) and made freely available in a public repository.

Each revoked certificate is identified in a CRL by its certificate serial number. When a certificate-using system uses a certificate (e.g., for verifying a remote user's digital signature), that system not only checks the certificate signature and validity but also acquires a suitably- recent CRL and checks that the certificate serial number is not on that CRL. The meaning of "suitably-recent" may vary with local policy, but it usually means the most recently-issued CRL. A CA issues a new CRL on a regular periodic basis (e.g., hourly, daily, or weekly). Entries are added to CRLs as revocations occur, and an entry may be removed when the certificate expiration date is reached.

The X.509 v2 CRL format is described below in ASN.1:

 CertificateList  ::=  SEQUENCE  {
     tbsCertList          TBSCertList,
     signatureAlgorithm   AlgorithmIdentifier,
     signature            BIT STRING  }
 

More information can be found in RFC 5280: Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure Certificate and CRL Profile.

The ASN.1 definition of tbsCertList is:

 TBSCertList  ::=  SEQUENCE  {
     version                 Version OPTIONAL,
                             -- if present, must be v2
     signature               AlgorithmIdentifier,
     issuer                  Name,
     thisUpdate              ChoiceOfTime,
     nextUpdate              ChoiceOfTime OPTIONAL,
     revokedCertificates     SEQUENCE OF SEQUENCE  {
         userCertificate         CertificateSerialNumber,
         revocationDate          ChoiceOfTime,
         crlEntryExtensions      Extensions OPTIONAL
                                 -- if present, must be v2
         }  OPTIONAL,
     crlExtensions           [0]  EXPLICIT Extensions OPTIONAL
                                  -- if present, must be v2
     }
 

CRLs are instantiated using a certificate factory. The following is an example of how to instantiate an X.509 CRL:


 try (InputStream inStream = new FileInputStream("fileName-of-crl")) {
     CertificateFactory cf = CertificateFactory.getInstance("X.509");
     X509CRL crl = (X509CRL)cf.generateCRL(inStream);
 }
 

Since:
1.2
See Also:
CRL, CertificateFactory, X509Extension
  • Constructor Details

    • X509CRL

      protected X509CRL()
      Constructor for X.509 CRLs.
  • Method Details

    • equals

      public boolean equals(Object other)
      Compares this CRL for equality with the given object. If the other object is an instanceof X509CRL, then its encoded form is retrieved and compared with the encoded form of this CRL.
      Overrides:
      equals in class Object
      Parameters:
      other - the object to test for equality with this CRL.
      Returns:
      true iff the encoded forms of the two CRLs match, false otherwise.
      See Also:
      Object.hashCode(), HashMap
    • hashCode

      public int hashCode()
      Returns a hashcode value for this CRL from its encoded form.
      Overrides:
      hashCode in class Object
      Returns:
      the hashcode value.
      See Also:
      Object.equals(java.lang.Object), System.identityHashCode(java.lang.Object)
    • getEncoded

      public abstract byte[] getEncoded() throws CRLException
      Returns the ASN.1 DER-encoded form of this CRL.
      Returns:
      the encoded form of this certificate
      Throws:
      CRLException - if an encoding error occurs.
    • verify

      Verifies that this CRL was signed using the private key that corresponds to the given public key.
      Parameters:
      key - the PublicKey used to carry out the verification.
      Throws:
      NoSuchAlgorithmException - on unsupported signature algorithms.
      InvalidKeyException - on incorrect key.
      NoSuchProviderException - if there's no default provider.
      SignatureException - on signature errors.
      CRLException - on encoding errors.
    • verify

      Verifies that this CRL was signed using the private key that corresponds to the given public key. This method uses the signature verification engine supplied by the given provider.
      Parameters:
      key - the PublicKey used to carry out the verification.
      sigProvider - the name of the signature provider.
      Throws:
      NoSuchAlgorithmException - on unsupported signature algorithms.
      InvalidKeyException - on incorrect key.
      NoSuchProviderException - on incorrect provider.
      SignatureException - on signature errors.
      CRLException - on encoding errors.
    • verify

      Verifies that this CRL was signed using the private key that corresponds to the given public key. This method uses the signature verification engine supplied by the given provider. Note that the specified Provider object does not have to be registered in the provider list. This method was added to version 1.8 of the Java Platform Standard Edition. In order to maintain backwards compatibility with existing service providers, this method is not abstract and it provides a default implementation.
      Parameters:
      key - the PublicKey used to carry out the verification.
      sigProvider - the signature provider.
      Throws:
      NoSuchAlgorithmException - on unsupported signature algorithms.
      InvalidKeyException - on incorrect key.
      SignatureException - on signature errors.
      CRLException - on encoding errors.
      Since:
      1.8
    • getVersion

      public abstract int getVersion()
      Gets the version (version number) value from the CRL. The ASN.1 definition for this is:
       version    Version OPTIONAL,
                   -- if present, must be v2
      
       Version  ::=  INTEGER  {  v1(0), v2(1), v3(2)  }
                   -- v3 does not apply to CRLs but appears for consistency
                   -- with definition of Version for certs
       
      Returns:
      the version number, i.e. 1 or 2.
    • getIssuerDN

      @Deprecated(since="16") public abstract Principal getIssuerDN()
      Deprecated.
      Use getIssuerX500Principal() instead. This method returns the issuer as an implementation specific Principal object, which should not be relied upon by portable code.
      Gets the issuer (issuer distinguished name) value from the CRL. The issuer name identifies the entity that signed (and issued) the CRL.

      The issuer name field contains an X.500 distinguished name (DN). The ASN.1 definition for this is:

       issuer    Name
      
       Name ::= CHOICE { RDNSequence }
       RDNSequence ::= SEQUENCE OF RelativeDistinguishedName
       RelativeDistinguishedName ::=
           SET OF AttributeValueAssertion
      
       AttributeValueAssertion ::= SEQUENCE {
                                     AttributeType,
                                     AttributeValue }
       AttributeType ::= OBJECT IDENTIFIER
       AttributeValue ::= ANY
       
      The Name describes a hierarchical name composed of attributes, such as country name, and corresponding values, such as US. The type of the AttributeValue component is determined by the AttributeType; in general it will be a directoryString. A directoryString is usually one of PrintableString, TeletexString or UniversalString.

      Returns:
      a Principal whose name is the issuer distinguished name.
    • getIssuerX500Principal

      public X500Principal getIssuerX500Principal()
      Returns the issuer (issuer distinguished name) value from the CRL as an X500Principal.

      It is recommended that subclasses override this method.

      Returns:
      an X500Principal representing the issuer distinguished name
      Since:
      1.4
    • getThisUpdate

      public abstract Date getThisUpdate()
      Gets the thisUpdate date from the CRL. The ASN.1 definition for this is:
       thisUpdate   ChoiceOfTime
       ChoiceOfTime ::= CHOICE {
           utcTime        UTCTime,
           generalTime    GeneralizedTime }
       
      Returns:
      the thisUpdate date from the CRL.
    • getNextUpdate

      public abstract Date getNextUpdate()
      Gets the nextUpdate date from the CRL.
      Returns:
      the nextUpdate date from the CRL, or null if not present.
    • getRevokedCertificate

      public abstract X509CRLEntry getRevokedCertificate(BigInteger serialNumber)
      Gets the CRL entry, if any, with the given certificate serialNumber.
      Parameters:
      serialNumber - the serial number of the certificate for which a CRL entry is to be looked up
      Returns:
      the entry with the given serial number, or null if no such entry exists in this CRL.
      See Also:
      X509CRLEntry
    • getRevokedCertificate

      public X509CRLEntry getRevokedCertificate(X509Certificate certificate)
      Get the CRL entry, if any, for the given certificate.

      This method can be used to lookup CRL entries in indirect CRLs, that means CRLs that contain entries from issuers other than the CRL issuer. The default implementation will only return entries for certificates issued by the CRL issuer. Subclasses that wish to support indirect CRLs should override this method.

      Parameters:
      certificate - the certificate for which a CRL entry is to be looked up
      Returns:
      the entry for the given certificate, or null if no such entry exists in this CRL.
      Throws:
      NullPointerException - if certificate is null
      Since:
      1.5
    • getRevokedCertificates

      public abstract Set<? extends X509CRLEntry> getRevokedCertificates()
      Gets all the entries from this CRL. This returns a Set of X509CRLEntry objects.
      Returns:
      all the entries or null if there are none present.
      See Also:
      X509CRLEntry
    • getTBSCertList

      public abstract byte[] getTBSCertList() throws CRLException
      Gets the DER-encoded CRL information, the tbsCertList from this CRL. This can be used to verify the signature independently.
      Returns:
      the DER-encoded CRL information.
      Throws:
      CRLException - if an encoding error occurs.
    • getSignature

      public abstract byte[] getSignature()
      Gets the signature value (the raw signature bits) from the CRL. The ASN.1 definition for this is:
       signature     BIT STRING
       
      Returns:
      the signature.
    • getSigAlgName

      public abstract String getSigAlgName()
      Gets the signature algorithm name for the CRL signature algorithm. An example is the string "SHA256withRSA". The ASN.1 definition for this is:
       signatureAlgorithm   AlgorithmIdentifier
      
       AlgorithmIdentifier  ::=  SEQUENCE  {
           algorithm               OBJECT IDENTIFIER,
           parameters              ANY DEFINED BY algorithm OPTIONAL  }
                                   -- contains a value of the type
                                   -- registered for use with the
                                   -- algorithm object identifier value
       

      The algorithm name is determined from the algorithm OID string.

      Returns:
      the signature algorithm name.
    • getSigAlgOID

      public abstract String getSigAlgOID()
      Gets the signature algorithm OID string from the CRL. An OID is represented by a set of nonnegative whole numbers separated by periods. For example, the string "1.2.840.10040.4.3" identifies the SHA-1 with DSA signature algorithm defined in RFC 3279: Algorithms and Identifiers for the Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure Certificate and CRL Profile.

      See getSigAlgName for relevant ASN.1 definitions.

      Returns:
      the signature algorithm OID string.
    • getSigAlgParams

      public abstract byte[] getSigAlgParams()
      Gets the DER-encoded signature algorithm parameters from this CRL's signature algorithm. In most cases, the signature algorithm parameters are null; the parameters are usually supplied with the public key. If access to individual parameter values is needed then use AlgorithmParameters and instantiate with the name returned by getSigAlgName.

      See getSigAlgName for relevant ASN.1 definitions.

      Returns:
      the DER-encoded signature algorithm parameters, or null if no parameters are present.