Module java.desktop
Package java.awt

Class TextComponent

java.lang.Object
java.awt.Component
java.awt.TextComponent
All Implemented Interfaces:
ImageObserver, MenuContainer, Serializable, Accessible
Direct Known Subclasses:
TextArea, TextField

public class TextComponent extends Component implements Accessible
The TextComponent class is the superclass of any component that allows the editing of some text.

A text component embodies a string of text. The TextComponent class defines a set of methods that determine whether or not this text is editable. If the component is editable, it defines another set of methods that supports a text insertion caret.

In addition, the class defines methods that are used to maintain a current selection from the text. The text selection, a substring of the component's text, is the target of editing operations. It is also referred to as the selected text.

Since:
1.0
See Also:
Serialized Form
  • Field Details

    • textListener

      protected transient TextListener textListener
      A list of listeners that will receive events from this object.
  • Method Details

    • enableInputMethods

      public void enableInputMethods(boolean enable)
      Enables or disables input method support for this text component. If input method support is enabled and the text component also processes key events, incoming events are offered to the current input method and will only be processed by the component or dispatched to its listeners if the input method does not consume them. Whether and how input method support for this text component is enabled or disabled by default is implementation dependent.
      Overrides:
      enableInputMethods in class Component
      Parameters:
      enable - true to enable, false to disable
      Since:
      1.2
      See Also:
      Component.processKeyEvent(java.awt.event.KeyEvent)
    • addNotify

      public void addNotify()
      Makes this Component displayable by connecting it to a native screen resource. This method is called internally by the toolkit and should not be called directly by programs.
      Overrides:
      addNotify in class Component
      See Also:
      removeNotify()
    • removeNotify

      public void removeNotify()
      Removes the TextComponent's peer. The peer allows us to modify the appearance of the TextComponent without changing its functionality.
      Overrides:
      removeNotify in class Component
      See Also:
      Component.isDisplayable(), Component.addNotify()
    • setText

      public void setText(String t)
      Sets the text that is presented by this text component to be the specified text.
      Parameters:
      t - the new text; if this parameter is null then the text is set to the empty string ""
      See Also:
      getText()
    • getText

      public String getText()
      Returns the text that is presented by this text component. By default, this is an empty string.
      Returns:
      the value of this TextComponent
      See Also:
      setText(java.lang.String)
    • getSelectedText

      public String getSelectedText()
      Returns the selected text from the text that is presented by this text component.
      Returns:
      the selected text of this text component
      See Also:
      select(int, int)
    • isEditable

      public boolean isEditable()
      Indicates whether or not this text component is editable.
      Returns:
      true if this text component is editable; false otherwise.
      Since:
      1.0
      See Also:
      setEditable(boolean)
    • setEditable

      public void setEditable(boolean b)
      Sets the flag that determines whether or not this text component is editable.

      If the flag is set to true, this text component becomes user editable. If the flag is set to false, the user cannot change the text of this text component. By default, non-editable text components have a background color of SystemColor.control. This default can be overridden by calling setBackground.

      Parameters:
      b - a flag indicating whether this text component is user editable.
      Since:
      1.0
      See Also:
      isEditable()
    • getBackground

      public Color getBackground()
      Gets the background color of this text component. By default, non-editable text components have a background color of SystemColor.control. This default can be overridden by calling setBackground.
      Overrides:
      getBackground in class Component
      Returns:
      This text component's background color. If this text component does not have a background color, the background color of its parent is returned.
      Since:
      1.0
      See Also:
      setBackground(Color)
    • setBackground

      public void setBackground(Color c)
      Sets the background color of this text component.
      Overrides:
      setBackground in class Component
      Parameters:
      c - The color to become this text component's color. If this parameter is null then this text component will inherit the background color of its parent.
      Since:
      1.0
      See Also:
      getBackground()
    • getSelectionStart

      public int getSelectionStart()
      Gets the start position of the selected text in this text component.
      Returns:
      the start position of the selected text
      See Also:
      setSelectionStart(int), getSelectionEnd()
    • setSelectionStart

      public void setSelectionStart(int selectionStart)
      Sets the selection start for this text component to the specified position. The new start point is constrained to be at or before the current selection end. It also cannot be set to less than zero, the beginning of the component's text. If the caller supplies a value for selectionStart that is out of bounds, the method enforces these constraints silently, and without failure.
      Parameters:
      selectionStart - the start position of the selected text
      Since:
      1.1
      See Also:
      getSelectionStart(), setSelectionEnd(int)
    • getSelectionEnd

      public int getSelectionEnd()
      Gets the end position of the selected text in this text component.
      Returns:
      the end position of the selected text
      See Also:
      setSelectionEnd(int), getSelectionStart()
    • setSelectionEnd

      public void setSelectionEnd(int selectionEnd)
      Sets the selection end for this text component to the specified position. The new end point is constrained to be at or after the current selection start. It also cannot be set beyond the end of the component's text. If the caller supplies a value for selectionEnd that is out of bounds, the method enforces these constraints silently, and without failure.
      Parameters:
      selectionEnd - the end position of the selected text
      Since:
      1.1
      See Also:
      getSelectionEnd(), setSelectionStart(int)
    • select

      public void select(int selectionStart, int selectionEnd)
      Selects the text between the specified start and end positions.

      This method sets the start and end positions of the selected text, enforcing the restriction that the start position must be greater than or equal to zero. The end position must be greater than or equal to the start position, and less than or equal to the length of the text component's text. The character positions are indexed starting with zero. The length of the selection is endPosition - startPosition, so the character at endPosition is not selected. If the start and end positions of the selected text are equal, all text is deselected.

      If the caller supplies values that are inconsistent or out of bounds, the method enforces these constraints silently, and without failure. Specifically, if the start position or end position is greater than the length of the text, it is reset to equal the text length. If the start position is less than zero, it is reset to zero, and if the end position is less than the start position, it is reset to the start position.

      Parameters:
      selectionStart - the zero-based index of the first character (char value) to be selected
      selectionEnd - the zero-based end position of the text to be selected; the character (char value) at selectionEnd is not selected
      See Also:
      setSelectionStart(int), setSelectionEnd(int), selectAll()
    • selectAll

      public void selectAll()
      Selects all the text in this text component.
      See Also:
      select(int, int)
    • setCaretPosition

      public void setCaretPosition(int position)
      Sets the position of the text insertion caret. The caret position is constrained to be between 0 and the last character of the text, inclusive. If the passed-in value is greater than this range, the value is set to the last character (or 0 if the TextComponent contains no text) and no error is returned. If the passed-in value is less than 0, an IllegalArgumentException is thrown.
      Parameters:
      position - the position of the text insertion caret
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - if position is less than zero
      Since:
      1.1
    • getCaretPosition

      public int getCaretPosition()
      Returns the position of the text insertion caret. The caret position is constrained to be between 0 and the last character of the text, inclusive. If the text or caret have not been set, the default caret position is 0.
      Returns:
      the position of the text insertion caret
      Since:
      1.1
      See Also:
      setCaretPosition(int)
    • addTextListener

      public void addTextListener(TextListener l)
      Adds the specified text event listener to receive text events from this text component. If l is null, no exception is thrown and no action is performed.

      Refer to AWT Threading Issues for details on AWT's threading model.

      Parameters:
      l - the text event listener
      See Also:
      removeTextListener(java.awt.event.TextListener), getTextListeners(), TextListener
    • removeTextListener

      public void removeTextListener(TextListener l)
      Removes the specified text event listener so that it no longer receives text events from this text component If l is null, no exception is thrown and no action is performed.

      Refer to AWT Threading Issues for details on AWT's threading model.

      Parameters:
      l - the text listener
      Since:
      1.1
      See Also:
      addTextListener(java.awt.event.TextListener), getTextListeners(), TextListener
    • getTextListeners

      public TextListener[] getTextListeners()
      Returns an array of all the text listeners registered on this text component.
      Returns:
      all of this text component's TextListeners or an empty array if no text listeners are currently registered
      Since:
      1.4
      See Also:
      addTextListener(java.awt.event.TextListener), removeTextListener(java.awt.event.TextListener)
    • getListeners

      public <T extends EventListener> T[] getListeners(Class<T> listenerType)
      Returns an array of all the objects currently registered as FooListeners upon this TextComponent. FooListeners are registered using the addFooListener method.

      You can specify the listenerType argument with a class literal, such as FooListener.class. For example, you can query a TextComponent t for its text listeners with the following code:

      TextListener[] tls = (TextListener[])(t.getListeners(TextListener.class));
      If no such listeners exist, this method returns an empty array.

      Overrides:
      getListeners in class Component
      Type Parameters:
      T - the type of the listeners
      Parameters:
      listenerType - the type of listeners requested; this parameter should specify an interface that descends from java.util.EventListener
      Returns:
      an array of all objects registered as FooListeners on this text component, or an empty array if no such listeners have been added
      Throws:
      ClassCastException - if listenerType doesn't specify a class or interface that implements java.util.EventListener
      Since:
      1.3
      See Also:
      getTextListeners()
    • processEvent

      protected void processEvent(AWTEvent e)
      Processes events on this text component. If the event is a TextEvent, it invokes the processTextEvent method else it invokes its superclass's processEvent.

      Note that if the event parameter is null the behavior is unspecified and may result in an exception.

      Overrides:
      processEvent in class Component
      Parameters:
      e - the event
      See Also:
      Component.processComponentEvent(java.awt.event.ComponentEvent), Component.processFocusEvent(java.awt.event.FocusEvent), Component.processKeyEvent(java.awt.event.KeyEvent), Component.processMouseEvent(java.awt.event.MouseEvent), Component.processMouseMotionEvent(java.awt.event.MouseEvent), Component.processInputMethodEvent(java.awt.event.InputMethodEvent), Component.processHierarchyEvent(java.awt.event.HierarchyEvent), Component.processMouseWheelEvent(java.awt.event.MouseWheelEvent)
    • processTextEvent

      protected void processTextEvent(TextEvent e)
      Processes text events occurring on this text component by dispatching them to any registered TextListener objects.

      NOTE: This method will not be called unless text events are enabled for this component. This happens when one of the following occurs:

      • A TextListener object is registered via addTextListener
      • Text events are enabled via enableEvents

      Note that if the event parameter is null the behavior is unspecified and may result in an exception.

      Parameters:
      e - the text event
      See Also:
      Component.enableEvents(long)
    • paramString

      protected String paramString()
      Returns a string representing the state of this TextComponent. This method is intended to be used only for debugging purposes, and the content and format of the returned string may vary between implementations. The returned string may be empty but may not be null.
      Overrides:
      paramString in class Component
      Returns:
      the parameter string of this text component
    • getAccessibleContext

      public AccessibleContext getAccessibleContext()
      Gets the AccessibleContext associated with this TextComponent. For text components, the AccessibleContext takes the form of an AccessibleAWTTextComponent. A new AccessibleAWTTextComponent instance is created if necessary.
      Specified by:
      getAccessibleContext in interface Accessible
      Overrides:
      getAccessibleContext in class Component
      Returns:
      an AccessibleAWTTextComponent that serves as the AccessibleContext of this TextComponent
      Since:
      1.3