Module java.base
Package java.util.jar

Class JarFile

All Implemented Interfaces:
Closeable, AutoCloseable

public class JarFile extends ZipFile
The JarFile class is used to read the contents of a jar file from any file that can be opened with It extends the class with support for reading an optional Manifest entry, and support for processing multi-release jar files. The Manifest can be used to specify meta-information about the jar file and its entries.

A multi-release jar file is a jar file that contains a manifest with a main attribute named "Multi-Release", a set of "base" entries, some of which are public classes with public or protected methods that comprise the public interface of the jar file, and a set of "versioned" entries contained in subdirectories of the "META-INF/versions" directory. The versioned entries are partitioned by the major version of the Java platform. A versioned entry, with a version n, 8 < n, in the "META-INF/versions/{n}" directory overrides the base entry as well as any entry with a version number i where 8 < i < n.

By default, a JarFile for a multi-release jar file is configured to process the multi-release jar file as if it were a plain (unversioned) jar file, and as such an entry name is associated with at most one base entry. The JarFile may be configured to process a multi-release jar file by creating the JarFile with the JarFile(File, boolean, int, Runtime.Version) constructor. The Runtime.Version object sets a maximum version used when searching for versioned entries. When so configured, an entry name can correspond with at most one base entry and zero or more versioned entries. A search is required to associate the entry name with the latest versioned entry whose version is less than or equal to the maximum version (see getEntry(String)).

Class loaders that utilize JarFile to load classes from the contents of JarFile entries should construct the JarFile by invoking the JarFile(File, boolean, int, Runtime.Version) constructor with the value Runtime.version() assigned to the last argument. This assures that classes compatible with the major version of the running JVM are loaded from multi-release jar files.

If the verify flag is on when opening a signed jar file, the content of the jar entry is verified against the signature embedded inside the manifest that is associated with its path name. For a multi-release jar file, the content of a versioned entry is verfieid against its own signature and JarEntry.getCodeSigners() returns its own signers. Please note that the verification process does not include validating the signer's certificate. A caller should inspect the return value of JarEntry.getCodeSigners() to further determine if the signature can be trusted.

Unless otherwise noted, passing a null argument to a constructor or method in this class will cause a NullPointerException to be thrown.

Implementation Note:
If the API can not be used to configure a JarFile (e.g. to override the configuration of a compiled application or library), two System properties are available.
  • jdk.util.jar.version can be assigned a value that is the String representation of a non-negative integer <= Runtime.version().feature(). The value is used to set the effective runtime version to something other than the default value obtained by evaluating Runtime.version().feature(). The effective runtime version is the version that the JarFile(File, boolean, int, Runtime.Version) constructor uses when the value of the last argument is JarFile.runtimeVersion().
  • jdk.util.jar.enableMultiRelease can be assigned one of the three String values true, false, or force. The value true, the default value, enables multi-release jar file processing. The value false disables multi-release jar processing, ignoring the "Multi-Release" manifest attribute, and the versioned directories in a multi-release jar file if they exist. Furthermore, the method isMultiRelease() returns false. The value force causes the JarFile to be initialized to runtime versioning after construction. It effectively does the same as this code: (new JarFile(File, boolean, int, JarFile.runtimeVersion()).
See Also: