Element: <oj-color-palette>

Oracle® JavaScript Extension Toolkit (JET)
7.1.0

F18183-01

Signature:

class ojColorPalette

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Attributes

JET Custom Elements

JET components are implemented as custom HTML elements. In addition to the component attributes documented in this page, JET components also support standard HTML global attributes like id and aria-label.

The JET data binding syntax can be used to define both component and global attributes through the use of dynamically evaluated expressions. All attributes (component and global) support attribute-level binding by prefixing the attribute name with ":" (e.g. :id="[...]"). When using attribute-level binding, all expression values are treated as strings. Additionally, component attributes support property-level binding by using the attribute name directly with no ":" prefix. When using property-level binding, the expressions should evaluate to the types documented by the corresponding attributes. Property-level binding is strongly recommended over attribute-level binding for component attributes.

A detailed description of working with custom HTML elements can be found in: JET Custom Element Usage.



PREVIEW: This is a preview API. Preview APIs are production quality, but can be changed on a major version without a deprecation path.

Version:
  • 7.1.0
Since:
  • 3.0.0
Module:
  • ojcolorpalette

Module usage

See JET Module Loading for an overview of module usage within JET.

Typescript Import Format
//To typecheck the element APIs, import as below.
import {ojColorPalette} from "ojs/ojcolorpalette";

//For the transpiled javascript to load the element's module, import as below
import "ojs/ojcolorpalette";

JET In Typescript

A detailed description of working with JET elements and classes in your typescript project can be found at: JET Typescript Usage.


JET Color Palette

The Jet Color Palette element allows an application to display a set of pre-defined colors from which a specific color can be selected. The palette's content is specified as a list of color objects containing an oj.Color.
<oj-color-palette palette="[[myPalette]]" value="{{colorValue}}">
</oj-color-palette>

Validation and Messaging

An editable component runs validation (normal or deferred) based on the action performed on it (either by end-user or page author), and the state it was in when the action occurred. Examples of actions are - creating a component, user changing the value of the component by interacting with it, the app setting a value programmatically, the app calling the validate() method etc. At the time the action occurs, the component could already be showing errors, or can have a deferred error or have no errors.

These factors also determine whether validation errors/messages get shown to the user immediately or get deferred. The following sections highlight the kinds of validation that are run and how messages get handled.

Normal Validation

Normal validation is run in the following cases on the display value, using the converter and validators (this includes async-validators) set on the component, and validation errors are reported to user immediately.
  • When value changes as a result of user interaction all messages are cleared, including custom messages added by the app, and full validation is run on the UI value. The steps performed are outlined below.
    1. All messages are cleared and messagesCustom property is cleared
    2. If no converter is present then processing continues to next step. If a converter is present, the UI value is first converted (i.e., parsed). If there is a parse error then the messages are shown and processing returns.
    3. If there are no validators setup for the component then the value is set on the component. Otherwise all validators are run in sequence using the parsed value from the previous step. The implicit required is run first if the component is marked required. When a validation error is encountered it is remembered and the next validator in the sequence is run.
      • NOTE: The value is trimmed before required validation is run
    4. At the end of the validation run if there are errors, the messages are shown and processing returns. If there are async-validators, those errors are shown as soon as they come in, and not until all validators, sync and async validators, are complete, does processing return, that is, value and valid are updated. If there are no errors, then the value property is updated and the formatted value displayed on the UI.
  • When the validate method is called by app, all messages are cleared and full validation run using the display value. See validate method on the sub-classes for details. Note: JET validation is designed to catch user input errors, and not invalid data passed from the server; this should be caught on the server.
  • When certain properties change through programmatic intervention by app, the component determines whether it needs to run normal validation based on the state the component is in. Refer to the Mixed Validation section below for details.

Deferred Validation

Deferred validation is run in the following cases on the component value using the implicit required validator if required is true, and validation errors are deferred, i.e., not shown to user immediately. Refer to the Showing Deferred Messages section to understand how deferred messages can be shown.
  • When a component is created and it is required deferred validation is run and no messages are cleared prior to running validation. Refer to the Validators Participating in Deferred Validation section for details.
  • When the value property changes due to programmatic intervention deferred validation is run, after all messages and messagesCustom property are cleared.
  • When the reset method is called, deferred validation is run after all messages and messagesCustom property are cleared.
  • When certain properties change through programmatic intervention by app, the component determines whether it needs to run deferred validation based on the state the component is in. Refer to the Mixed Validation section below for details.

Mixed Validation

Either deferred or normal validation is run in the following cases based on the state the component is in and any validation errors encountered are either hidden or shown to user.
  • when disabled property changes. See disabled property for details.
  • when refresh method is called. See refresh method for details.
  • when converter property changes. Not all EditableValue components have the converter property. See the sub-classes that have the converter property for details, e.g., oj.inputBase#converter.
  • when required property changes. Not all EditableValue components have the required property. See the sub-classes that have the required property for details, e.g., oj.inputBase#required.
  • when validators property changes. Not all EditableValue components have the validators property. See the sub-classes that have the validators property for details, e.g., oj.inputBase#validators.
  • when asyncValidators property changes. Not all EditableValue components have the asyncValidators property. See the sub-classes that have the asyncValidators property for details, e.g., oj.inputBase#async-validators.

Showing Deferred Messages

Deferred validation messages are displayed only when page author requests for it explicitly in one of the following ways:

Validators Participating in Deferred Validation

The required validator is the only validator type that participates in deferred validation. The required property needs to be set to true for the required validator to run.

Keyboard End User Information

Target Key Action
Swatch Space or Enter Select a color swatch.
Swatch PgDn Navigates down the swatch display to the next page.
Swatch PgUp Navigates up the swatch display to the previous page.
Swatch DownArrow Navigate to the next swatch if in list layout, or to the swatch in the same position in the next row if in grid layout.
Swatch UpArrow Navigate to the previous swatch if in list layout, or to the swatch in the same position in the previous row if in grid layout.
Swatch RightArrow Navigate to the next swatch.
Swatch LeftArrow Navigate to the previous swatch.

Reading direction

As with any JET element, in the unusual case that the directionality (LTR or RTL) changes post-init, the color palette must be refresh()ed.

Note: Application logic should not interact with the component's properties or invoke its methods until the BusyContext indicates that the component is ready for interaction.

Slots

JET components that allow child content support slots. Please see the slots section of the JET component overview doc for more information on allowed slot content and slot types.

contextMenu

The contextMenu slot is set on the oj-menu within this element. This is used to designate the JET Menu that this component should launch as a context menu on right-click, Shift-F10, Press & Hold, or component-specific gesture. If specified, the browser's native context menu will be replaced by the JET Menu specified in this slot.

The application can register a listener for the Menu's ojBeforeOpen event. The listener can cancel the launch via event.preventDefault(), or it can customize the menu contents by editing the menu DOM directly, and then calling refresh() on the Menu.

To help determine whether it's appropriate to cancel the launch or customize the menu, the ojBeforeOpen listener can use component API's to determine which table cell, chart item, etc., is the target of the context menu. See the JSDoc of the individual components for details.

Keep in mind that any such logic must work whether the context menu was launched via right-click, Shift-F10, Press & Hold, or component-specific touch gesture.

Attributes

(nullable) described-by :string

It is used to establish a relationship between this component and another element. Typically this is not used by the application developer, but by the oj-label custom element's code. One use case is where the oj-label custom element code writes described-by on its form component for accessibility reasons. To facilitate correct screen reader behavior, the described-by attribute is copied to the aria-describedby attribute on the component's dom element.
Since:
  • 4.0.0
Names
Item Name
Property describedBy
Property change event describedByChanged
Property change listener attribute (must be of type function) on-described-by-changed

disabled :boolean

Whether the component is disabled. The default is false.

When the disabled property changes due to programmatic intervention, the component may clear messages and run validation in some cases.

  • when a required component is initialized as disabled value="{{currentValue}}" required disabled, deferred validation is skipped.
  • when a disabled component is enabled,
    • if component is invalid and showing messages then all component messages are cleared, and full validation run using the display value.
      • if there are validation errors, they are shown.
      • if no errors result from the validation, the value property is updated. Page authors can listen to the valueChanged event to clear custom errors.
    • if component is valid and has no errors then deferred validation is run.
      • if there is a deferred validation error, then the valid property is updated.
    • if component is invalid and deferred errors then component messages are cleared and deferred validation re-run.
      • if there is a deferred validation error, then the valid property is updated.
  • when enabled component is disabled then no validation is run and the component appears disabled.

Default Value:
  • false
Since:
  • 0.7.0
Names
Item Name
Property disabled
Property change event disabledChanged
Property change listener attribute (must be of type function) on-disabled-changed

display-options :Object

Display options for auxilliary content that determines where it should be displayed in relation to the component.

The types of messaging content for which display options can be configured include converterHint, helpInstruction, messages, and validatorHint.
The display options for each type is specified either as an array of strings or a string. When an array is specified the first display option takes precedence over the second and so on.

When display-options changes due to programmatic intervention, the component updates its display to reflect the updated choices. For example, if 'help.instruction' property goes from 'notewindow' to 'none' then it no longer shows in the notewindow.

A side note: help.instruction and message detail text can include formatted HTML text, whereas hints and message summary text cannot. If you use formatted text, it should be accessible and make sense to the user if formatting wasn't there. To format the help.instruction, you could do this:

<html>Enter <b>at least</b> 6 characters</html>

Since:
  • 0.7
Names
Item Name
Property displayOptions
Property change event displayOptionsChanged
Property change listener attribute (must be of type function) on-display-options-changed

display-options.converter-hint :Array<'placeholder'|'notewindow'|'none'>|'placeholder'|'notewindow'|'none'

Display options for auxilliary converter hint text that determines where it should be displayed in relation to the component. When there is already a placeholder set on the component, the converter hint falls back to display type of 'notewindow'.
Default Value:
  • ['placeholder','notewindow']
Since:
  • 0.7
Names
Item Name
Property displayOptions.converterHint

display-options.help-instruction :Array<'notewindow'|'none'>|'notewindow'|'none'

Display options for auxilliary help instruction text that determines where it should be displayed in relation to the component.
Default Value:
  • ['notewindow']
Since:
  • 0.7
Names
Item Name
Property displayOptions.helpInstruction

display-options.messages :Array<'inline'|'notewindow'|'none'>|'inline'|'notewindow'|'none'

Display options for auxilliary message text that determines where it should be displayed in relation to the component.
Default Value:
  • ['inline']
Since:
  • 0.7
Names
Item Name
Property displayOptions.messages

display-options.validator-hint :Array<'notewindow'|'none'>|'notewindow'|'none'

Display options for auxilliary validator hint text that determines where it should be displayed in relation to the component.
Default Value:
  • ['notewindow']
Since:
  • 0.7
Names
Item Name
Property displayOptions.validatorHint

help :Object

Form component help information.
Since:
  • 0.7.0
Names
Item Name
Property help
Property change event helpChanged
Property change listener attribute (must be of type function) on-help-changed

help.instruction :string

Represents advisory information for the component, such as would be appropriate for a tooltip.

When help.instruction is present it is by default displayed in the notewindow, or as determined by the 'helpInstruction' property set on the displayOptions attribute. When the help.instruction property changes the component refreshes to display the updated information.

JET takes the help instruction text and creates a notewindow with the text. The notewindow pops up when the field takes focus and closes when the field loses focus.

How is help.instruction better than the html 'title' attribute? The html 'title' attribute only shows up as a tooltip on mouse over, not on keyboard and not in a mobile device. So the html 'title' would only be for text that is not important enough to show all users, or for text that you show the users in another way as well, like in the label. Also you cannot theme the native browser's title window like you can the JET notewindow, so low vision users may have a hard time seeing the 'title' window. For these reasons, the JET EditableValue components do not use the HTML's 'title' attribute and instead use the help.instruction attribute.

To include formatted text in the help.instruction, format the string using html tags. For example the help.instruction might look like:

<oj-some-element help.instruction="<html>Enter <b>at least</b> 6 characters</html>"></oj-some-element>
If you use formatted text, it should be accessible and make sense to the user if formatting wasn't there.

Default Value:
  • ""
Since:
  • 4.0.0
Names
Item Name
Property help.instruction

help-hints :Object

Represents hints for oj-form-layout element to render help information on the label of the editable component.

This is used only if the editable component is added as a direct child to an oj-form-layout element, and the labelHint property is also specified.

The helpHints object contains a definition property and a source property.

  • definition - hint for help definition text.
  • source - hint for help source URL.
Since:
  • 4.1.0
Names
Item Name
Property helpHints
Property change event helpHintsChanged
Property change listener attribute (must be of type function) on-help-hints-changed

(nullable) help-hints.definition :string

Hint for help definition text associated with the label.

It is what shows up when the user hovers over the help icon, or tabs into the help icon, or press and holds the help icon on a mobile device. No formatted text is available for help definition attribute.

See the help-hints attribute for usage examples.

Default Value:
  • ""
Since:
  • 4.1.0
Names
Item Name
Property helpHints.definition

(nullable) help-hints.source :string

Hint for help source URL associated with the label.

If present, a help icon will render next to the label. For security reasons we only support urls with protocol http: or https:. If the url doesn't comply we ignore it and throw an error. Pass in an encoded URL since we do not encode the URL.

See the help-hints attribute for usage examples.

Default Value:
  • ""
Since:
  • 4.1.0
Names
Item Name
Property helpHints.source

label-display :"auto"|"off"

Specifies whether a text label accompanies the color swatch.
Supported Values:
Value Description
"auto" labels are displayed if the layout property is 'list' and swatch-size is 'sm' or if the layout is 'grid' and swatch-size is 'lg'
"off" labels are not displayed
Default Value:
  • "off"
Names
Item Name
Property labelDisplay
Property change event labelDisplayChanged
Property change listener attribute (must be of type function) on-label-display-changed

label-hint :string

Represents a hint for oj-form-layout element to render a label on the editable component.

This is used only if the editable component is added as a direct child to an oj-form-layout element.

When labelHint is present it gives a hint to the oj-form-layout element to create an oj-label element for the editable component. When the labelHint property changes oj-form-layout element refreshes to display the updated label information.

Default Value:
  • ""
Since:
  • 4.1.0
Names
Item Name
Property labelHint
Property change event labelHintChanged
Property change listener attribute (must be of type function) on-label-hint-changed

(nullable) labelled-by :string

Labelled-by is used to establish a relationship between this and another element. A common use is to tie the oj-label and the oj-color-palette together for accessibility. The oj-label custom element has an id, and you use the labelled-by attribute to tie the two elements together to facilitate correct screen reader behavior.
Default Value:
  • null
Names
Item Name
Property labelledBy
Property change event labelledByChanged
Property change listener attribute (must be of type function) on-labelled-by-changed

layout :"grid"|"list"

Specifies the layout of the color swatches.
Supported Values:
Value Description
"grid" Layout the color swatches in a grid
"list" Layout the color swatches in a list
Default Value:
  • "grid"
Names
Item Name
Property layout
Property change event layoutChanged
Property change listener attribute (must be of type function) on-layout-changed

messages-custom :Array.<oj.Message>

List of messages an app would add to the component when it has business/custom validation errors that it wants the component to show. This allows the app to perform further validation before sending data to the server. When this option is set the message shows to the user right away. To clear the custom message, set messagesCustom back to an empty array.

Each message in the array is an object that duck types oj.Message. See oj.Message for details.

See the Validation and Messages section for details on when the component clears messagesCustom; for example, when full validation is run.

Default Value:
  • []
Supports writeback:
  • true
Since:
  • 0.7.0
Names
Item Name
Property messagesCustom
Property change event messagesCustomChanged
Property change listener attribute (must be of type function) on-messages-custom-changed

palette :Array<{color: Color, label?: string}>

Specify an array of objects defining the palette's color set, and optionally, descriptive labels for the colors. Each object has the following structure:
Properties:
Name Type Argument Description
color oj.Color the color definition
label string <optional>
optional descriptive string (refer to attribute label-display). If omitted, label defaults to the color's hex string format.
Default Value:
  • null
Names
Item Name
Property palette
Property change event paletteChanged
Property change listener attribute (must be of type function) on-palette-changed

swatch-size :"xs"|"sm"|"lg"

The swatch size. If the size is 'sm' or 'xs', the color label property is used as a tooltip.
Supported Values:
Value Description
"xs" extra small swatch
"sm" small swatch
"lg" large swatch
Default Value:
  • "lg"
Names
Item Name
Property swatchSize
Property change event swatchSizeChanged
Property change listener attribute (must be of type function) on-swatch-size-changed

translations :object|null

A collection of translated resources from the translation bundle, or null if this component has no resources. Resources may be accessed and overridden individually or collectively, as seen in the examples.

If the component does not contain any translatable resource, the default value of this attribute will be null. If not, an object containing all resources relevant to the component.

If this component has translations, their documentation immediately follows this doc entry.

Names
Item Name
Property translations
Property change event translationsChanged
Property change listener attribute (must be of type function) on-translations-changed

translations.label-none :string

Label for swatch with no color.

See the translations attribute for usage examples.

Default Value:
  • "None"
Names
Item Name
Property translations.labelNone

(readonly) valid :"valid"|"pending"|"invalidHidden"|"invalidShown"

PREVIEW: This is a preview API. Preview APIs are production quality, but can be changed on a major version without a deprecation path.

The current valid state of the component. It is evaluated on initial render. It is re-evaluated

  • after each validator (validators or async-validators) is run (full or deferred)
  • when messagesCustom is updated, since messagesCustom can be added by the app developer any time.
  • when showMessages() is called. Since showMessages() moves the hidden messages into messages shown, if the valid state was "invalidHidden" then it would become "invalidShown".
  • when the required property has changed. If a component is empty and has required set, the valid state may be "invalidHidden" (if no invalid messages are being shown as well). If required property is removed, the valid state would change to "valid".

Note: New valid states may be added to the list of valid values in future releases. Any new values will start with "invalid" if it is an invalid state, "pending" if it is pending state, and "valid" if it is a valid state.

Supported Values:
Value Description
"invalidHidden" The component has invalid messages hidden and no invalid messages showing. An invalid message is one with severity "error" or higher.
"invalidShown" The component has invalid messages showing. An invalid message is one with severity "error" or higher.
"pending" The component is waiting for the validation state to be determined. The "pending" state is set at the start of the convert/validate process.
"valid" The component is valid
Supports writeback:
  • true
Since:
  • 4.2.0
Names
Item Name
Property valid
Property change event validChanged
Property change listener attribute (must be of type function) on-valid-changed

value :oj.Color

The current value of the palette element.
Default Value:
  • null
Supports writeback:
  • true
Names
Item Name
Property value
Property change event valueChanged
Property change listener attribute (must be of type function) on-value-changed

Events

ojAnimateEnd

Triggered when a default animation has ended.
Properties:

All of the event payloads listed below can be found under event.detail.

Name Type Description
action string The action that triggers the animation. Supported values are:
  • "inline-open" - when an inline message container opens or increases in size
  • "inline-close" - when an inline message container closes or decreases in size
  • "notewindow-open" - when a note window opens
  • "notewindow-close" - when a note window closes
element Element The element being animated.
Since:
  • 4.0.0

ojAnimateStart

Triggered when a default animation is about to start on an element owned by the component.

The default animation can be cancelled by calling event.preventDefault, followed by a call to event.detail.endCallback. event.detail.endCallback should be called immediately after event.preventDefault if the application merely wants to cancel animation, or it should be called when the custom animation ends if the application is invoking another animation function. Failure to call event.detail.endCallback may prevent the component from working properly.

For more information on customizing animations, see the documentation of oj.AnimationUtils.

The default animations are controlled via the theme (SCSS) :

// default animations for "notewindow" display option
$popupTailOpenAnimation: (effect: "zoomIn", transformOrigin: "#myPosition") !default;
$popupTailCloseAnimation: (effect: "none") !default;

// default animations for "inline" display option
$messageComponentInlineOpenAnimation: (effect: "expand", startMaxHeight: "#oldHeight") !default;
$messageComponentInlineCloseAnimation: (effect: "collapse", endMaxHeight: "#newHeight") !default;
Properties:

All of the event payloads listed below can be found under event.detail.

Name Type Description
action string The action that triggers the animation. Supported values are:
  • "inline-open" - when an inline message container opens or increases in size
  • "inline-close" - when an inline message container closes or decreases in size
  • "notewindow-open" - when a note window opens
  • "notewindow-close" - when a note window closes
element Element The element being animated.
endCallback function():void If the event listener calls event.preventDefault to cancel the default animation, it must call the endCallback function when it finishes its own animation handling and any custom animation has ended.
Since:
  • 4.0.0

Methods

getProperty(property) → {any}

Retrieves a value for a property or a single subproperty for complex properties.
Parameters:
Name Type Description
property string The property name to set. Supports dot notation for subproperty access.
Returns:
Type
any

refresh() → {void}

Called when the DOM underneath the component changes requiring a re-render of the component. An example is when the id for the input changes.

Another time when refresh might be called is when the locale for the page changes. When it changes, attributes used by its converter and validator that are locale specific, its hints, messages and translations will be updated.

When refresh method is called, the component may take various steps such as clearing messages, running validation etc., based on the state it is in.

Steps Performed Always

  • The converter and validators used by the component are reset, and new converter and validator hints is pushed to messaging. E.g., notewindow displays the new hint(s).

Running Validation

  • if component is valid when refresh() is called, the display value is refreshed if component has a converter set.
  • if component is invalid and is showing messages when refresh() is called, then all component messages are cleared and full validation run using the display value on the component.
    • if there are validation errors, then value attribute is not updated and the error is shown.
    • if no errors result from the validation, the value attribute is updated; page author can listen to the valueChanged event to clear custom errors.
  • if component is invalid and has deferred messages when refresh() is called, then all component messages are cleared and deferred validation is run.

Clearing Messages

  • If clearing messages only those created by the component are cleared.
  • messagesCustom attribute is not cleared.

Since:
  • 0.7.0
Returns:
Type
void

reset() → {void}

Resets the component by clearing all messages and messages attributes - messagesCustom - and updates the component's display value using the attribute value. User entered values will be erased when this method is called.
Since:
  • 0.7.0
Returns:
Type
void

setProperties(properties)

Performs a batch set of properties.
Parameters:
Name Type Description
properties Object An object containing the property and value pairs to set.

setProperty(property, value)

Sets a property or a single subproperty for complex properties and notifies the component of the change, triggering a [property]Changed event.
Parameters:
Name Type Description
property string The property name to set. Supports dot notation for subproperty access.
value any The new value to set the property to.

showMessages() → {void}

Takes all deferred messages and shows them. It then updates the valid property; e.g., if the valid state was "invalidHidden" before showMessages(), the valid state will become "invalidShown" after showMessages().

If there were no deferred messages this method simply returns.

Since:
  • 0.7.0
Returns:
Type
void