The JDK tools and their commands enable developers to handle development tasks such as compiling and running a program, packaging source files into a Java Archive (JAR) file, applying security policies to a JAR file, and more.
The tools and commands reference topic lists and describes the Java Development Kit (JDK) tools. They’re grouped into the following sections based on the related functions that they perform. Details about the tools and the commands that you use to run them are contained in the corresponding sections of this guide.
The following foundation tools and commands let you create and build applications:
javac: You can use the
javac tool and its options to read Java class and interface definitions and compile them into bytecode and class files.
javap: You use the
javap command to disassemble one or more class files.
javah: You use the
javah tool to generate C header and source files from a Java class.
javadoc: You use the
javadoc tool and its options to generate HTML pages of API documentation from Java source files.
java: You can use the
java command to launch a Java application.
appletviewer: You use the
appletviewer command to launch the AppletViewer and run applets outside of a web browser.
jar: You can use the
jar command to create an archive for classes and resources, and to manipulate or restore individual classes or resources from an archive.
jlink: You can use the
jlink tool to assemble and optimize a set of modules and their dependencies into a custom runtime image.
jmod: You use the
jmod tool to create JMOD files and list the content of existing JMOD files.
jdeps: You use the
jdeps command to launch the Java class dependency analyzer.
jdeprscan: You use the
jdeprscan tool as a static analysis tool that scans a jar file (or some other aggregation of class files) for uses of deprecated API elements.
The following tool gives you an interactive environment for trying out the Java language:
jshell: You use the
jshell tool to interactively evaluate declarations, statements, and expressions of the Java programming language in a read-eval-print loop (REPL).
The following security tools set security policies on your system and create applications that can work within the scope of security policies set at remote sites:
keytool: You use the
keytool command and options to manage a keystore (database) of cryptographic keys, X.509 certificate chains, and trusted certificates.
jarsigner: You use the
jarsigner tool to sign and verify Java Archive (JAR) files.
policytool: You use
policytool to read and write a plain text policy file based on user input through the utility GUI.
The following tools obtain, list, and manage Kerberos tickets on Windows:
kinit: You use the
kinit tool and its options to obtain and cache Kerberos ticket-granting tickets.
klist: You use the
klist tool to display the entries in the local credentials cache and key table.
ktab: You use the
ktab tool to manage the principal names and service keys stored in a local key table.
Remote Method Invocation (RMI) Tools
The following tools enable creating applications that interact over the Web or other network:
rmic: You use the
rmic compiler to generate stub and skeleton class files using the Java Remote Method Protocol (JRMP) and stub and tie class files (IIOP protocol) for remote objects.
rmiregistry: You use the
rmiregistry command to create and start a remote object registry on the specified port on the current host.
rmid: You use the
rmid command to start the activation system daemon that enables objects to be registered and activated in a Java Virtual Machine (JVM).
serialver: You use the
serialver command to return the
serialVersionUID for one or more classes in a form suitable for copying into an evolving class.
Java IDL and RMI-IIOP Tools
The following tools enable creating applications that use OMG-standard IDL and CORBA/IIOP:
tnameserv: You use the
tnameserv command as a substitute for Object Request Broker Daemon (ORBD).
idlj: You use the
idlj command to generate Java bindings for a specified Interface Definition Language (IDL) file.
orbd: You use the
orbd command for the client to transparently locate and call persistent objects on servers in the CORBA environment.
servertool: You use the
servertool command-line tool to register, unregister, start up, and shut down a persistent server.
Java Deployment Tools
The following utilities let you deploy Java applications and applets on the web:
pack200: You use the
pack200 command to transform a Java Archive (JAR) file into a compressed pack200 file with the Java gzip compressor.
unpack200: You use the
unpack200 command to transform a packed file into a JAR file for web deployment.
javapackager: You use the
javapackager command to perform tasks related to packaging Java and JavaFX applications.
Java Web Start
The following utility launches Java Web Start applications:
javaws: You use the
javaws tool command and its options to start Java Web Start.
The following tools let you monitor performance statistics:
The following tools that are identified as experimental are unsupported and should be used with that understanding. They may not be available in future JDK versions.
jconsole: You use the
jconsole command to start a graphical console to monitor and manage Java applications.
jps: Experimental You use the
jps command to list the instrumented JVMs on the target system.
jstat: Experimental You use the
jstat command to monitor JVM statistics. This command is experimental and unsupported.
jstatd: Experimental You use the
jstatd command to monitor the creation and termination of instrumented Java HotSpot VMs. This command is experimental and unsupported.
jmc: You use the
jmc command and its options to launch Java Mission Control. Java Mission Control is a profiling, monitoring, and diagnostics tools suite.
Java Web Services Tools
The following tools let you create applications that provide web services:
schemagen: You can use the
schemagen tool and commands to generate a schema for every namespace that’s referenced in your Java classes.
wsgen: You use the
wsgen command to generate Java API for XML Web Services (JAX-WS) portable artifacts used in JAX-WS web services.
wsimport: You use the
wsimport command to generate Java API for XML Web Services (JAX-WS) portable artifacts.
xjc: You use the
xjc shell script to compile an XML schema file into fully annotated Java classes.
Java Accessibility Utilities
The following utilities let you check the accessibility of Java objects:
jaccessinspector: You use the
jaccessinspector accessibility evaluation tool for the Java Accessibility Utilities API to examine accessible information about the objects in the Java Virtual Machine.
jaccesswalker: You use the
jaccesswalker to navigate through the component trees in a particular Java Virtual Machine and presents the hierarchy in a tree view.
The following tools let you perform specific troubleshooting tasks:
The following tools that are identified as experimental are unsupported and should be used with that understanding. They may not be available in future JDK versions. Some of these tools aren’t currently available on Windows platforms.
jcmd: You use the
jcmd utility to send diagnostic command requests to a running Java Virtual Machine (JVM).
jdb: You use the
jdb command and it’s options to find and fix bugs in Java platform programs.
jhsdb: You use the
jhsdb tool to attach to a Java process or to launch a postmortem debugger to analyze the content of a core dump from a crashed Java Virtual Machine (JVM).
jinfo: Experimental You use the
jinfo command to generate Java configuration information for a specified Java process. This command is experimental and unsupported.
jmap: Experimental You use the
jmap command to print details of a specified process. This command is experimental and unsupported.
jstack: Experimental You use the
jstack command to print Java stack traces of Java threads for a specified Java process. This command is experimental and unsupported.
The following tools let you run scripts that interact with the Java platform:
The following tools identified that are experimental are unsupported and should be used with that understanding. They may not be available in future JDK versions.