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Creating an SDP Configuration File
Trail: Sockets Direct Protocol
Lesson: Understanding the Sockets Direct Protocol

Creating an SDP Configuration File

An SDP configuration file is a text file, and you decide where on the file system this file will reside. Every line in the configuration file is either a comment or a rule. A comment is indicated by the hash character (#) at the beginning of the line, and everything following the hash character will be ignored.

There are two types of rules, as follows:

A rule has the following form:


Decoding the notation: 

1*LWSP-char means that any number of linear whitespace characters (tabs or spaces) can separate the tokens. The square brackets indicate optional text. The notation (xxx | yyy) indicates that the token will include either xxx or yyy, but not both. Quoted characters indicate literal text.

The first keyword indicates whether the rule is a bind or a connect rule. The next token specifies either a host name or a literal IP address. When you specify a literal IP address, you can also specify a prefix, which indicates an IP address range. The third and final token is a port number or a range of port numbers.

Consider the following notation in this sample configuration file:

# Use SDP when binding to
bind *

# Use SDP when connecting to all application services on 192.0.2.*
connect     1024-*

# Use SDP when connecting to the http server or a database on examplecluster
connect   80
connect   3306

The first rule in the sample file specifies that SDP is used for any port (*) on the local IP address You would add a bind rule for each local address assigned to an InfiniBand adaptor. (An InfiniBand adaptor is the equivalent of a network interface card (NIC) for InfiniBand.) If you had several IB adaptors, you would use a bind rule for each address that is assigned to those adaptors.

The second rule in the sample file specifies that whenever connecting to 192.0.2.* and the target port is 1024 or greater, SDP is used. The prefix on the IP address /24 indicates that the first 24 bits of the 32-bit IP address should match the specified address. Each portion of the IP address uses 8 bits, so 24 bits indicates that the IP address should match 192.0.2 and the final byte can be any value. The -* notation on the port token specifies "and above." A range of ports, such as 1024—2056, would also be valid and would include the end points of the specified range.

The final rules in the sample file specify a host name (examplecluster), first with the port assigned to an http server (80) and then with the port assigned to a database (3306). Unlike a literal IP address, a host name can translate into multiple addresses. When you specify a host name, it matches all addresses that the host name is registered to in the name service.

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