The Java™ Tutorials
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Sign the Data
Trail: Security Features in Java SE
Lesson: Generating and Verifying Signatures
Section: Generating a Digital Signature

Sign the Data

Now that you have created a public key and a private key, you are ready to sign the data. In this example you will sign the data contained in a file. GenSig gets the file name from the command line. A digital signature is created (or verified) using an instance of the Signature class.

Signing data, generating a digital signature for that data, is done with the following steps.

Get a Signature Object: The following gets a Signature object for generating or verifying signatures using the DSA algorithm, the same algorithm for which the program generated keys in the previous step, Generate Public and Private Keys.

Signature dsa = Signature.getInstance("SHA1withDSA", "SUN"); 

Note: When specifying the signature algorithm name, you should also include the name of the message digest algorithm used by the signature algorithm. SHA1withDSA is a way of specifying the DSA signature algorithm, using the SHA-1 message digest algorithm.

Initialize the Signature Object

Before a Signature object can be used for signing or verifying, it must be initialized. The initialization method for signing requires a private key. Use the private key placed into the PrivateKey object named priv in the previous step.


Supply the Signature Object the Data to Be Signed This program will use the data from the file whose name is specified as the first (and only) command line argument. The program will read in the data a buffer at a time and will supply it to the Signature object by calling the update method.

FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream(args[0]);
BufferedInputStream bufin = new BufferedInputStream(fis);
byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
int len;
while ((len = >= 0) {
    dsa.update(buffer, 0, len);

Generate the Signature

Once all of the data has been supplied to the Signature object, you can generate the digital signature of that data.

byte[] realSig = dsa.sign();

Previous page: Generate Public and Private Keys
Next page: Save the Signature and the Public Key in Files