The Java™ Tutorials
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Import the Certificate as a Trusted Certificate
Trail: Security Features in Java SE
Lesson: Exchanging Files
Section: Steps for the Contract Receiver

Import the Certificate as a Trusted Certificate

Suppose that you are Ruth and have received from Stan Smith

Before you can use the jarsigner tool to check the authenticity of the JAR file's signature, you need to import Stan's certificate into your keystore.

Even though you (acting as Stan) created these files and they haven't actually been transported anywhere, you can simulate being someone other than the creator and sender, Stan. Acting as Ruth, type the following command to create a keystore named exampleruthstore and import the certificate into an entry with an alias of stan.

keytool -import -alias stan -file StanSmith.cer -keystore exampleruthstore

Since the keystore doesn't yet exist, keytool will create it for you. It will prompt you for a keystore password.

The keytool prints the certificate information and asks you to verify it; For example, by comparing the displayed certificate fingerprints with those obtained from another (trusted) source of information. (Each fingerprint is a relatively short number that uniquely and reliably identifies the certificate.) For example, in the real world you can phone Stan and ask him what the fingerprints should be. He can get the fingerprints of the StanSmith.cer file he created by executing the command

keytool -printcert -file StanSmith.cer

If the fingerprints he sees are the same as the ones reported to you by keytool, then you both can assume that the certificate has not been modified in transit. You can safely let keytool proceed to place a "trusted certificate" entry into your keystore. This entry contains the public key certificate data from the file StanSmith.cer. keytool assigns the alias stan to this new entry.

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