1 Introduction and Roadmap

This chapter describes the contents and organization of this guide—Developing XML Applications for Oracle WebLogic Server.

This chapter includes the following sections:

Document Scope and Audience

This document is a resource for software developers who design and develop applications that include XML processing.

The topics in this document are relevant during the design and development phases of a software project. The document also includes topics that are useful in solving application problems that are discovered during test and pre-production phases of a project.

Although this document does include administration and monitoring information useful to developers who want to test their applications in a development environment, the document does not address production-phase administration, monitoring, or performance tuning topics XML topics. For links to WebLogic Server® documentation and resources for these topics, see Related Documentation.

It is assumed that the reader is familiar with Web technologies, XML, XSLT, the Java programming language, and the Servlet and JSP APIs of the Java EE specification. This document emphasizes the value-added features provided by WebLogic Server XML and key information about how to use WebLogic Server features and facilities to get an application that performs XML processing up and running.

Guide to This Document

This document is organized as follows:

Related Documentation

This document contains XML-specific design and development information.

For comprehensive guidelines for developing, deploying, and monitoring WebLogic Server applications, see the following documents:

For related information about XML outside the scope of this document, see links listed in Learning More About XML and Appendix A, "XML Reference."

Samples for the XML Developer

In addition to this document, Oracle provides a variety of code samples for XML developers. The examples and tutorials illustrate WebLogic Server XML in action, and provide practical instructions on how to perform key XML development tasks.

Oracle recommends that you run some or all of the XML examples before programming your own application that processes XML.

XML Examples in the WebLogic Server Distribution

WebLogic Server optionally installs API code examples in the ORACLE_HOME\wlserver\samples\server directory, where ORACLE_HOME represents the directory in which you installed WebLogic Server. For more information about the WebLogic Server code examples, see "Sample Applications and Code Examples" in Understanding Oracle WebLogic Server.

New and Changed XML Features in This Release

For a comprehensive listing of the new WebLogic Server features introduced in this release, see What's New in Oracle WebLogic Server 12.2.1.

Summary of WebLogic Server XML Features

WebLogic Server consolidates XML technologies applicable to WebLogic Server and XML applications based on WebLogic Server. The WebLogic Server XML subsystem allows customers to use standard parsers, the WebLogic FastParser, XSLT transformers, and DTDs and XML Schemas to process and convert XML files.

The following topics, which describe the features included in the WebLogic Server XML subsystem, are presented in this section:

XML Document Parsers

WebLogic Server uses, by default, the XML parser that is included in the JDK.

You can also use any other XML parser of your choice by using the WebLogic Server Administration Console to configure it in the XML Registry. You can configure a single instance of WebLogic Server to use one parser for a particular application and use another parser for a different application.

For information about parsing XML documents, see Parsing XML Documents.

Difference In Default Parsers Between Versions 8.1 and 9.1 of WebLogic

The default parser in Versions 8.1and previous of WebLogic Server was one that was based on Apache's Xerces parser and whose package name started with weblogic.apache.xerces.*. In Version 9.1 of WebLogic Server, this parser has been deprecated. Instead, the default parser is the same one that is shipped in the JDK.

For backward compatibility, the weblogic.apache.xerces.* parser is still available in Version 9.1 of WebLogic Server, although it is deprecated and Oracle highly recommends you do not use it since it will not be available in future versions. If, however, you need to temporarily continue using this parser, you must use the WebLogic Server Administration Console to configure a parser other than the default for your WebLogic Server instance by updating, or creating, a new XML Registry and setting the default implementation classes for SAX and DOM parser factory interfaces, as indicated in Table 1-1.

Table 1-1 Default Implementation Classes for SAX and DOM Parser Factory Interfaces

Parser Factory Interface Implementation Class

DOM (DocumentBuilderFactory)


SAX (SAXParserFactory)


For information about creating an XML Registry, see Chapter 9, "Administering WebLogic Server XML."

XML Document Transformer

WebLogic Server uses, by default, the XML transformer that is included in the JDK.

You can also use any other XML transformer of your choice by using the WebLogic Server Administration Console to configure it in the XML Registry. You can configure a single instance of WebLogic Server to use one transformer for a particular application and use another transformer for a different application.

For more information about transforming XML documents, see Transforming XML Documents.

Streaming API for XML (StAX) Implementation

WebLogic Server includes an implementation of the Streaming API for XML (StAX).

For more information, see Chapter 4, "Using the Streaming API for XML (StAX)."

WebLogic XPath API

The WebLogic XPath API contains all of the classes required to perform XPath matching against a document represented as a DOM, an XMLInputStream, or an XMLOutputStream.

For more information, see Using the WebLogic XPath API.

JAXP Pluggability Layer Implementation

Java API for XML Processing (JAXP) 1.2 is a Java-standard, parser-independent API for XML. For more information on JAXP, see What Is JAXP?.


WebLogic Server uses the XML Registry, accessed through the WebLogic Server Administration Console, to plug in parsers and transformers. This is different from the JAXP 1.2 specification which specifies the use of system properties to plug in parsers and transformers.

WebLogic Servlet Attributes

WebLogic Server supports the following special Servlet attributes:

  • org.xml.sax.HandlerBase

  • org.xml.sax.helpers.DefaultHandler

  • org.w3c.dom.Document

Calling the setAttribute (for SAX parsing) and getAttribute (for DOM parsing) methods on a ServletRequest object with the preceding attributes will parse any given XML document.

For more information, see Parsing XML Documents in a Servlet.

XML Registry For Configuring Parsers and Transformers

The XML Registry simplifies administration and configuration tasks by separating these tasks from the XML application. Use the WebLogic Server Administration Console to configure the parsers and transformers for an instance of WebLogic Server.

For more information, see XML Parser and Transformer Configuration Tasks.

XML Registry for Configuring External Entity Resolution

WebLogic XML supports external entity resolution through the XML Registry. For more information, see External Entity Configuration Tasks.

Endorsed Standards Override Mechanism for DOM/SAX: Not Supported

WebLogic Server does not support switching the server's DOM and SAX interfaces using the endorsed standards override mechanism.

An endorsed standard is a Java API defined through a standards process other than the Java Community Process (JCP). For more information, see Endorsed Standards Override Mechanism at http://docs.oracle.com/javase/6/docs/technotes/guides/standards/.

Learning More About XML

To learn more about XML, see the following online courses and tutorials. Appendix A, "XML Reference," provides links to additional information.