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2-way matching
The process of verifying that purchase order and invoice information matches within accepted tolerance levels. Receivables uses the following criteria to verify two-way matching:
Invoice price <= Order price
Quantity billed <= Quantity ordered
3-way matching
The process of verifying that purchase order, invoice, and receiving information matches within accepted tolerance levels. Receivables uses the following criteria to verify three-way matching:
Invoice price <= Purchase Order price
Quantity billed <= Quantity ordered
Quantity billed <= Quantity received
4-way matching
The process of verifying that purchase order, invoice, and receiving information matches within accepted tolerance levels. Receivables uses the following criteria to verify four-way matching:
Invoice price <= Order price
Quantity billed <= Quantity ordered
Quantity billed <= Quantity received
Quantity billed <= Quantity accepted


Account Generator
A feature that uses Oracle Workflow to provide various Oracle Applications with the ability to construct Accounting Flexfield combinations automatically using custom construction criteria. You define a group of steps that determine how to fill in your Accounting Flexfield segments. You can define additional processes and/or modify the default process(es), depending on the application. See also activity, function, item type, lookup type, node, process, protection level, result type, transition, Workflow Engine
accounting rule start date
The date Oracle Receivables uses for the first accounting entry it creates when you use an accounting rule to recognize revenue.
If you choose a variable accounting rule, you need to specify a rule duration to let Receivables know how many accounting periods to use for this accounting rule.
accounting rules
Rules that Receivables AutoInvoice uses to specify revenue recognition schedules for your transactions. You can define an accounting rule where revenue is recognized over a fixed or variable period of time. For example, you can define a fixed duration accounting rule with monthly revenue recognition for a period of 12 months.
accrual accounting
An accounting method you use to recognize revenue when you create invoices.
An Oracle Workflow unit of work performed during a business process. See also activity attribute, function activity
activity attribute
A parameter for an Oracle Workflow function activity that controls how the function activity operates. You define an activity attribute by displaying the activity's Attributes properties page in the Activities window of Oracle Workflow Builder. You assign a value to an activity attribute by displaying the activity node's Attribute Values properties page in the Process window.
ad hoc
Concerned with or formed for a particular purpose. For example, ad hoc tax codes or an ad hoc database query.
address validation
The type of validation you want the system to use for your address, if you are not using a flexible address format for validation. You can implement address validation at three levels: Error, No Validation, or Warning. 'Error' ensures that all locations exist for your address before it can be saved. 'Warning' displays a warning message if a tax rate does not exist for this address (allows you to save the record). 'No Validation' does not validate the address.
A Receivables feature that allows you to increase or decrease the amount due of your invoice, debit memo, chargeback, deposit, or guarantee. Receivables lets you create manual or automatic adjustments.
aging buckets
Time periods you define to age your debit items. Aging buckets are used in the Aging reports to see both current and outstanding debit items. For example, you can define an aging bucket that includes all debit items that are 1 to 30 days past due.
Payment in which you record the entire amount as settlement for one or more debit items.
approval limits
Limits you assign to users for adjustment entry. Receivables enforces the limits that you define here as your users enter receivables adjustments. When users enter adjustments that are within their approval limit, Receivables automatically approves the adjustment. When users enter adjustments outside their approval limit, Receivables assigns a status of pending to the adjustment.
To store historical transaction data outside your database.
See activity attribute, item type attribute
A feature that lets you determine how the Accounting Flexfields for your revenue, receivable, freight, tax, unbilled receivable and unearned revenue account types are created
A feature used to automatically adjust the remaining balances of your invoices, debit memos, and chargebacks that meet the criteria that you define.
An option that allows you to specify whether you want Receivables to determine the customer using invoice numbers if the customer cannot be identified from either the MICR number or the customer number. Receivables checks the invoice numbers until it finds a unique invoice number for a customer. Receivables then uses this invoice number to identify the customer. You can only use this feature if your bank transmits invoice numbers and if the AutoLockbox Validation program can identify a unique customer for a payment using an invoice number. Otherwise, Receivables treats the payment as unidentified.
AutoCash Rule
A feature that Post QuickCash uses to automatically apply receipts to a customer's open items. AutoCash Rules include: Apply to the Oldest Invoice First, Clear the Account, Clear Past Due Invoices, Clear Past Due Invoices Grouped by Payment Term, and Match Payment with Invoice. See also AutoCash Rule Set, Post QuickCash.
AutoCash Rule Set
A feature that determines the order of the AutoCash Rules that the Post QuickCash program will use when automatically applying receipts to a customer's open items. You can choose to include discounts, finance charges, and items in dispute when calculating your customer's open balance.
A program that imports invoices, credit memos, and on account credits from other systems to Receivables.
See lockbox.
automatic receipt
In addition to standard check processing, you can use the automatic receipt feature to automatically generate receipts for customers with whom you have predefined agreements. These agreements let you transfer funds from the customer's bank account to yours on the receipt maturity date.


An acronym for the Banking Administration Institute. This organization has recommended a common format that is widely accepted for sending lockbox data. See also bank statement.
balancing segment
An Accounting Flexfield segment that you define so that General Ledger automatically balances all journal entries for each value of this segment. For example, if your company segment is a balancing segment, General Ledger ensures that, within every journal entry, the total debits to company 01 equal the total credits to company 01.
bank file
The data file you receive from the bank that contains all of the payment information that the bank has deposited in your bank account.
bank statement
A report sent from a bank to a customer showing all transaction activity for a bank account for a specific period of time. Bank statements report beginning balance, deposits made, checks cleared, bank charges, credits, and ending balance. Enclosed with the bank statement are cancelled checks, debit memos, and credit memos. Large institutional banking customers usually receive electronic bank statements as well as the paper versions.
base amount
The amount that represents the denominator for the ratio used to determine the amount due. You specify your base amount when you define your payment terms.

Amount Due = Relative Amount/Base Amount * Invoice Amount
batch source
A source you define in Oracle Receivables to identify where your invoicing activity originates. The batch source also controls invoice defaults and invoice numbering. Also known as transaction batch sources.
beginning balance
The beginning balance is the balance of the transaction item as of the beginning GL Date that you specified. This amount should be the same as the Outstanding Balance amount of the Aging - 7 Buckets Report where the As Of Date is the same as the beginning GL Date.
bill in advance
An invoicing rule that enables you to record the receivable at the beginning of the revenue recognition schedule for invoices that span more than one accounting period. See also invoicing rulesbill in arrears.
bill in arrears
An invoicing rule that records the receivable at the end of the revenue recognition schedule for invoices that span more than one accounting period. See also invoicing rulesbill in advance.
Bill of Exchange
An agreement made with your customer in which they promise to pay a specified amount on a specific date (called the maturity date) for goods or services. This process involves the transfer of funds from your customer's bank account to your bank account.
Bill To Address
The address of the customer who is to receive the invoice. Equivalent to Invoice To Address in Oracle Order Entry.
Bill To Site
A customer location to which you have assigned a Bill-To business purpose. You can define your customer's bill-to sites in the Customers windows.
billing invoice number
A system-generated number assigned to a consolidated billing invoice when you print draft or final versions of these invoices. This number appears in some Receivables windows (next to the transaction number) and reports if the profile option AR: Show Billing Number is set to Yes. See also consolidated billing invoice.
business group
The highest level of organization and the largest grouping of employees across which a company can report. A business group can correspond to an entire company, or to a specific division within the company.
business purpose
The business reason you have for communicating with a customer's address. For example, you would assign the business purpose of Ship To to an address if you ship products to that address. If you also send invoices to that address, you could also assign the business purpose Bill To.


A temporary storage area for holding information during processing.
call actions
Actions that you record and plan to take as a result of a call with a customer. Examples of actions that you might note for future reference include creating a credit memo, excluding a customer from dunning, or alerting another member of your staff about an escalated issue.
call topics
Each call can have many points or topics of discussion. Examples include invoice, debit memo, invoice lines, and customer problems.
cash basis
An accounting method that lets you recognize revenue at the time payment is received for an invoice.
cash basis of accounting
An accounting method in which you only recognize an expense when you incur the expense. With the Cash Basis of Accounting, Receivables only creates journal entries for invoice payments.
A new debit item that you assign to your customer when closing an existing, outstanding debit item.
child segment value
A detail-level segment value that is part of a parent segment value. See also parent segment value.
A process that assigns a cleared date and status to a transaction and creates accounting entries for the cash clearing account. See also manual clearing, reconciliation.
Oracle database tables consist of columns. Each column contains one type of information. The format to indicate tables and columns is: (TABLE_NAME.COLUMN_NAME).
A contractual guarantee with a customer for future purchases, usually involving deposits or prepayments. You can create invoices against the commitment to absorb the deposit or prepayment. Receivables automatically records all necessary accounting entries for your commitments. Oracle Order Entry allows you to enter order lines against commitments.
complete invoice
An invoice whose status is Complete. In order for an invoice to have a status of Complete, the invoice total must be greater than or equal to zero, have at least one invoice line, revenue records must exist for each line, revenue records for each line must add up to the line amount, and a tax and sales credit record must exist for each line.
compound tax
A method of calculating tax on top of other tax charges. You can create compound taxes in the Transactions window or with AutoInvoice.
consolidated billing invoice
An invoice that you send to a customer to provide a summary of their receivables activity for the month. This invoice includes a beginning balance, the total amount of any payments received since the prior consolidated billing invoice, an itemized list of new charges (for example, invoices, credit memos, and adjustments) in either summary or detail format, a separate reporting of consumption tax, and the total balance due for this customer.
concurrent process
A non-interactive task that you request Oracle Applications to complete. Each time you submit a non-interactive task, you create a new concurrent process. A concurrent process runs simultaneously with other concurrent processes (and other interactive activities on your computer) to help you complete multiple tasks at once.
concurrent processing
Allows a single processor to switch back and forth between different programs.
consolidated billing invoice
A single, monthly invoice that includes all of your customer's transactions for the period. This feature lets you send a customer one, consolidated billing invoice instead of a separate invoice for each transaction.
A representative who is responsible for communication between you and a specific part of your customer's company. For example, your customer may have a shipping contact person who handles all questions regarding orders shipped to that address. Receivables lets you enter contacts for your customers, addresses, and business purposes.
contact role
A responsibility that you associate to a specific contact. Receivables provides 'Bill To', 'Ship To', and 'Statements,' but you can enter additional responsibilities.
context field value
A response to your context field prompt. Your response is composed of a series of characters and a description. The response and description together provide a unique value for your context prompt, such as 1500, Journal Batch ID, or 2000, Budget Formula Batch ID. The context field value determines which additional descriptive flexfield segments appear.
context response
See context field value.
context segment value
A response to your context-sensitive segment. The response is composed of a series of characters and a description. The response and description together provide a unique value for your context-sensitive segment, such as Redwood Shores, Oracle Corporation Headquarters, or Minneapolis, Merrill Aviation's Hub.
context-sensitive segment
A descriptive flexfield segment that appears in a second pop-up window when you enter a response to your context field prompt. For each context response, you can define multiple context segments, and you control the sequence of the context segments in the second pop-up window. Each context-sensitive segment typically prompts you for one item of information related to your context response.
control file
A file used by SQL*Loader to map the data in your bank file to tables and columns in the Oracle database. You must create one control file for each different bank file you receive, unless some or all of your banks use the exact same format.
A process that converts foreign currency transactions to your functional currency.
corporate exchange rate
An exchange rate you can optionally use to perform foreign currency conversion. The corporate exchange rate is usually a standard market rate determined by senior financial management for use throughout the organization. You define this rate in Oracle General Ledger.
credit items
Any item you can apply to an open debit item to reduce the balance due for a customer. Receivables includes credit memos, on account credits, and unapplied and on account cash as credit items. Credit items remain open until you apply the full amount to debit items.
credit memo
A document that partially or fully reverses an original invoice. You can create credit memos in the Receivables Credit Memo window or with AutoInvoice.
credit memo reasons
Standard explanations as to why you credit your customers. (Receivables QuickCode)
See also return reason.
cross currency receipt
A receipt that is applied to a transaction denominated in a currency different than that of the receipt. Cross currency receipt applications usually generate a foreign exchange gain or loss due to fluctuating exchange rates between currencies.
cross site and cross customer receipts
Receipts that you apply across customers and sites and are fully applied. Each of these receipts appears on the statements of the customer site that owns the receipt. The invoice(s) to which you have applied a cross receipt appear on the statement of the customer or site that owns the invoice.
customer address
A location where your customer can be reached. A customer can have many addresses. You can also associate business purposes with addresses.
customer bank
A bank account you define when entering customer information to allow funds to be transferred from these accounts to your remittance bank accounts as payment for goods or services provided. See also remittance bank.
customer business purpose
See business purpose.
customer contact
A specific customer employee with whom you communicate. Receivables lets you define as many contacts as you wish for each customer. You can also define contacts for an address and assign previously defined contacts to each business purpose.
customer interface
A program that transfers customer data from foreign systems into Receivables.
customer interface tables
A series of two Oracle Receivables database tables from which Customer Interface inserts and updates valid customer data into your customer database.
customer merge
A program that merges business purposes and all transactions associated to that business purpose for different sites of the same customer or for unrelated customers.
customer number
A number assigned to your customers to uniquely identify them. A customer number can be assigned manually or automatically, depending on how you set up your system.
customer phone
A phone number that is associated with a customer. You can also assign phone numbers to your customer contacts.
customer profile
A method used to categorize your customers based on credit information. Receivables uses credit profiles to assign statement cycles, dunning letter cycles, salespersons, and collectors to your customers. You can also decide whether you want to charge your customers interest. Oracle Order Entry uses the order and total order limits when performing credit checking.
customer profile class
A category for your customers based on credit information, payment terms, currency limits, and correspondence types.
customer relationship
An association that exists between customers which lets you
apply payments to related customers, apply invoices to related customer's commitments, and create invoices for related customers.
customer response
Explanations, comments, or claims that customers make during conversation with a collector regarding the call reason.
customer site
A site where a customer is located. A customer can have more than one site. Site names can more easily identify a customer address, facilitating invoice and order entry. See also location.
customer status
The Active/Inactive flag you use to inactivate customers with whom you no longer do business. If you are using Oracle Order Entry, you can only enter orders, agreements, and returns for active customers, but you can continue to process returns for inactive customers. If you are using Receivables, you can only create invoices for active customers, but you can continue collections activities for inactive customers.
cutoff day
The day of the month that determines when an invoice with proxima payment terms is due. For example, if it is January and the cutoff day is the 10th, invoices dated before or on January 10 are due in the next billing period; invoices dated after the 10th are due in the following period.


debit items
Any item that increases your customer's balance. Receivables includes invoices, debit memos, and chargebacks as debit items. Debit items remain open until the balance due is zero.
debit memo reversal
A reversal of a payment that generates a new debit memo, instead of reopening old invoices and debit memos.
debit memos
Debits that you assign to your customer for additional charges that you want to collect. For example, you may want to charge your customers for unearned discounts taken, additional freight charges, taxes, and finance charges.
demand class
A category you can use to segregate scheduled demand and supply into groups, so that you can track and consume the groups independently. You can define a demand class for a very important customer or a group of customers. (Manufacturing QuickCode)
A type of commitment whereby a customer agrees to deposit or prepay a sum of money for the future purchase of goods and services.
Descriptive Flexfield
A field that your organization can extend to capture extra information that is otherwise not tracked by Oracle Applications. A Descriptive Flexfield appears on your window as a single character, unnamed field. Your organization can customize this field to capture additional information that is necessary and unique to your business.
direct debit
An agreement made with your customer to allow the transfer of funds from their bank account to your bank account. The transfer of funds occurs when the bank receives a document or tape containing the invoices to be paid.
The amount or percentage that you allow a customer to decrease the balance due for a debit item. In Receivables, you use Payment Terms to define customer discounts and can choose whether to allow earned and unearned discounts. See also earned discounts,unearned discounts,payment terms.
distribution set
A predefined group of general ledger accounting codes that determine the debit accounts for other receipt payments. Receivables lets you relate distribution sets to receivables activities to speed data entry.
document category
A document category is used to split transactions into logical groups. You can assign a different sequence to each category and, by doing so, separately number each logical group. Each category is associated with a table. When you assign a sequence to a category, the sequence numbers the transactions in that table. Receivables lets you set up categories for each type of transaction, receipt, and adjustment.
document sequence
Used to uniquely number documents created by Receivables. A Document Sequence has a sequence name, an initial value, and a type of either Automatic or Manual.
document sequence number
A number that is manually or automatically assigned to your documents to provide an audit trail. For example, you can choose to sequentially number invoices in Receivables or journal entries in General Ledger.
domestic transaction
Transactions between registered traders in the same EU (European Union) country. Domestic transactions have VAT charged on goods and services with different countries applying different VAT rates to specific goods and services. See also external transaction, EU.
dunning letter set
A group of dunning letters that you can assign to your customer's credit profile.
dunning letters
A letter that you send to customers to inform them of past due debit items. Receivables lets you specify the text and format of each letter and whether to include unapplied and on-account payments.
dynamic insertion
An Oracle Applications feature that lets you automatically create new key flexfield combinations when you enter transactions or customers. If you do not use dynamic insertion, you can only create new key flexfield combinations using the various flexfield setup forms.


earned discounts
Discounts your customers are allowed to take if they remit payment for their invoices on or before the discount date. The discount date is determined by the payment terms assigned to an invoice. Receivables takes into account any discount grace days you assign to this customer's credit profile. For example, if the discount due date is the 15th of each month, but discount grace days is 5, your customer must pay on or before the 20th to receive the earned discount. Discounts are determined by the terms you assign to an invoice during invoice entry. See also unearned discounts.
ending balance
The ending balance represents the balance of the transaction as of the ending GL Date that you have specified. This column should be the same as the Outstanding Balance of the Aging - 7 Buckets Report for this item.
The EU (European Union) is a single European market where customs and tariff barriers between member states have been removed.
exchange rate
A rate that represents the amount in one currency that you can exchange for another at a particular point in time. You can enter and maintain daily exchange rates for Receivables to use to perform foreign currency conversion. Receivables multiplies the exchange rate by the foreign currency to calculate the functional currency.
exchange rate type
A specification of the source of an exchange rate. For example, a user exchange rate or a corporate exchange rate. See also corporate exchange rate, spot exchange rate.
exemption certificate
A document obtained from a taxing authority which certifies that a customer or item is either partially or fully exempt from tax. The document details the reason for the exemption and the effective and expiration dates of the certificate.
To move archive data to a different storage device.
external transaction
Transactions between an EU (European Union) trader and a vendor or customer located in a non-EU country. Customers and sites in non-EU countries are tax exempt and should have a zero tax code assigned to all invoices. See also domestic transaction, EU.


The process by which you sell your accounts receivable to a financial institution (such as a bank) in return for cash. Financial institutions usually charge a fee for factoring.
feeder program
A custom program you write to transfer your transaction information from an original system into Oracle Application interface tables. The type of feeder program you write depends on the environment from which you are importing data.
field type
Each record you import is divided into regions and each region holds a different piece of information. Receivables calls these regions "fields" and provides you with a list of the types of fields that can be interfaced through AutoLockbox.
finance charges
Additional charges that you assign to customers for past due items. You specify whether you want to charge your customers finance charges in their customer profiles. Finance charges can be included on your customer's statements and dunning letters.
fiscal year
Any yearly accounting period without regard to its relationship to a calendar year.
fixed rate currencies
Currencies with fixed exchange rates. For example, the Euro and currencies of countries in the European Monetary Union (EMU).
flat file
A file where the data is unformatted for a specific application.
flat tax
A specific amount of tax, regardless of the amount of the item. There is no rate associated with flat taxes. Flat taxes are charged on items such as cigarettes, gasoline, and insurance.
flexfield segment
One of the sections of your key flexfield, separated from the other sections by a symbol that you define (such as -,/, or \). Each segment typically represents an element of your business, such as cost center, product, or account.
flexible address format
Oracle Applications allows you to enter an address in the format most relevant for the country of your customer, supplier, bank, or remit-to site. This is done by using descriptive flexfields to enter and display address information in the appropriate formats. The descriptive flexfield opens if the country you enter has a flexible address style assigned to it, allowing you to enter an address in the layout associated with that country.
(Free On Board) The point or location where the ownership title of goods is transferred from the seller to the buyer. This indicates that delivery of a shipment will be made on board or into a carrier by the shipper without charge, and is usually followed by a shipping point or destination (e.g. 'FOB Our warehouse in New York'). (Receivables QuickCode)
A flexible entry and display window in which you can choose the fields you want to see and where each appears in the window. See: Customizing the Presentation of Data.
follow up date
The date when you plan to perform a subsequent action. Examples include a date that you specify for verifying that you have received payment or a date that you note for calling the customer again.
foreign currency
A currency that you define for your set of books for recording and conducting accounting transactions in a currency other than your functional currency. See also exchange rate, functional currency.
foreign currency conversion
The conversion of a foreign currency transaction, such as an invoice or a payment, into your functional currency. Receivables automatically performs this conversion whenever you enter an invoice or make a payment in a currency other than your functional currency.
See also foreign exchange gain or loss.
foreign currency exchange gain or loss
The difference in your functional currency between the invoiced amount and the payment amount when applying a receipt to an invoice. A realized gain exists if the receipt amount in your functional currency exceeds the invoice amount; a loss exists if the invoice amount in your functional currency exceeds the amount of the payment. Such gains and losses arise from fluctuations in exchange rates of the receipt currency between the invoice date and the payment date. See also realized gain or loss, unrealized gain or loss.
Free On Board (FOB)
See FOB.
freight carrier
A commercial company used to send product shipments to your customers.
A PL/SQL stored procedure referenced by an Oracle Workflow function activity that can enforce business rules, perform automated tasks within an application, or retrieve application information. The stored procedure accepts standard arguments and returns a completion result. See also function activity.
function activity
An automated Oracle Workflow unit of work that is defined by a PL/SQL stored procedure. See also function.
functional currency
The principal currency you use to record transactions and maintain your accounting data for your set of books. You define the functional currency for each set of books within your organization. When you enter and pay an invoice in a foreign currency, Receivables automatically converts the foreign currency into your functional currency based on the exchange rate you define. Receivables creates journal entries for your multiple currency invoices and payments in both your foreign and functional currencies.


general ledger date
The date used to determine the correct accounting period for your transactions. The Receivables posting program uses this date when posting transactions to your general ledger.
GL Date range
An accounting cycle that is defined by a beginning and ending GL Date.
A contractual obligation to purchase a specified amount of goods or services over a predefined period of time.


A feature that prevents an order or order line from progressing through the order cycle. You can place a hold on any order or order line.


import program
A program that imports your bank file from an external system into Receivables. Receivables is set up to work with SQL*Loader as the import program. Two sample SQL*Loader control files are included with Receivables to assist you in writing your own custom control file.
imported invoice
An invoice that is imported into Receivables using the AutoInvoice program.
incomplete invoice
An invoice whose status has not been changed to Complete or that has failed validation.
One of many successive payments of a debt. You specify a payment schedule when you define your payment terms.
installment number
A number that identifies the installment for a specific transaction.
intraEU, taxed transaction
Transactions between non-registered traders in different EU (European Union) countries. VAT must be charged to customers within the EU if you do not know their VAT registration number. The destination country and inventory item controls which VAT rate to use.
intraEU, zero rated transactions
Transactions between registered traders in different EU (European Union) countries. An Intra-EU transaction is zero rated if and only if you know the customer's VAT registration number; otherwise, VAT must be charged on the invoice.
A document that you create in Oracle Receivables that lists amounts owed for the purchases of goods or services. This document also lists any tax, freight charges, and payment terms.
invoice batch
A group of invoices you enter together to ensure accurate invoice entry. Invoices within the same batch share the same batch source and batch name. Receivables displays any differences between the control and actual counts and amounts. An invoice batch can contain invoices in different currencies.
invoice date
The date an invoice was created. This is also the date that Receivables prints on each invoice. Receivables also use this date to determine the payment due date based on the payment terms you specify on the invoice. Receivables ensures that your invoice date always matches your general ledger date.
invoice distribution line
A line representing an expenditure item on an invoice. A single expenditure item may have multiple distribution lines for cost and revenue. An invoice distribution line holds an amount, account code, and accounting date.
invoice number
A number or combination of numbers and characters that uniquely identifies an invoice within your system. Usually generated automatically by your receivables system to avoid assigning duplicate numbers.
invoice split amount
See split amount.
invoicing rules
Rules that Receivables uses to determine when you will bill your customer and the accounting period in which the receivable amount is recorded. You can bill In Advance or In Arrears. See also bill in advance, bill in arrears.
Item Flexfield
See System Items Flexfield.
item type
A term used by Oracle Workflow to refer to a grouping of all items of a particular category that share the same set of item attributes, used as a high level grouping for processes. For example, each Account Generator item type (e.g. FA Account Generator) contains a group of processes for determining how an Accounting Flexfield code combination is created. See also item type attribute
item type attribute
A feature of a particular Oracle Workflow item type, also known as an item attribute. An item type attribute is defined as a variable whose value can be looked up and set by the application that maintains the item. An item type attribute and its value is available to all activities in a process.
Item Validation Organization
The organization that contains your master list of items. You define this organization by setting the OE: Item Validation Organization profile option. See also organization.


Japanese consumption tax
The Value Added Tax (VAT) paid on any expense (Input VAT) is usually recoverable against the VAT charged on revenue (Output VAT). This ensures that VAT is not inflationary within a supply chain.
job title
A brief description of your customer contact's role within their organization.
Journal Import
A General Ledger program that creates journal entries from transaction data stored in the General Ledger GL_INTERFACE table. Journal entries are created and stored in GL_JE_BATCHES, GL_JE_HEADERS, and GL_JE_LINES.
jurisdiction code
An abbreviated address that is specific to a Tax Supplier and more accurate than a simple five digit zip code.


key flexfield
An Oracle Applications feature you use to build custom fields used for entering and displaying information relating to your business. Receivables uses the following key flexfields:
- Accounting Flexfield
- Sales Tax Location Flexfield
- System Items Flexfield
- Territory Flexfield
key indicators
A report that lists statistical receivables and collections information that lets you review trends and projections.
Also an Oracle Applications feature you can use to gather and retain information about your productivity, such as the number of invoices paid. You define key indicator periods and Receivables provides a report that shows productivity indicators for your current and prior period activity.


line ordering rules
You define line ordering rules for invoice lines that you import into Receivables using AutoInvoice. AutoInvoice uses these rules to order invoice lines when it groups the transactions it creates into invoices, debit memos, and credit memos.
A shorthand name for an address. Location appears in address list of values to let you select the correct address based on an intuitive name. For example, you may want to give the location name of 'Receiving Dock' to the Ship To business purpose of 100 Main Street.
A service that commercial banks offer corporate customers to enable them to outsource their accounts receivable payment processing. Lockbox processors set up special postal codes to receive payments, deposit funds and provide electronic account receivable input to corporate customers.
lookup code
The internal name of a value defined in an Oracle Workflow lookup type. See also lookup type.
lookup type
An Oracle Workflow predefined list of values. Each value in a lookup type has an internal and a display name. See also lookup code.


manual clearing
The process where, prior to receiving their bank statement, users mark transactions that are known to be cleared through the bank, which creates an up-to-date cash position. These cleared transactions are still available for the actual reconciliation process. Once the bank statement is received, Oracle Cash Management can automatically perform all appropriate reconciliation steps. See also clearing.
manual reconciliation
The process where you manually reconcile bank statement details with the appropriate batch or detail transaction. Oracle Cash Management generates all necessary accounting entries. See also reconciliation.
manual invoice
An invoice that you enter using either the Transactions or Transactions Summary window.
maturity date
A date that determines when funds for an automatic receipt can be transferred from your customer's bank account to your bank account. See also Bill of Exchange.
memo pad
An area where you write as many notes as you need regarding your conversation with a customer.
message distribution
A line at the bottom of the toolbar that displays helpful hints, warning messages, and basic data entry errors.
MICR number
(Magnetic Ink Character Recognition number) A number that appears on a receipt and associates your customer with a bank. This number consists of two segments. The first segment is the Transit Routing number, which identifies the bank from which your customer draws their check. The second segment identifies your customer's account at that bank.
minimum accountable unit
The smallest meaningful denomination of a currency (this might not correspond to the standard precision). While a currency may require a precision of three places to the right of the decimal point, for example, .001 (one thousandth), the lowest denomination of the currency may represent 0.025 (twenty-five thousandths). Under this example, the Minimum Accountable Unit would be .025. Calculations in this currency would be rounded to .025 (the Minimum Accountable Unit), not .001 (the precision).
miscellaneous receipts
A feature that lets you record payments that you do not apply to debit items, such as refunds and interest income.
model invoice
An invoice used as a template that you copy to create new invoices.
See multiple organizations
multiple organizations
The ability to define multiple organizations and the relationships among them within a single installation of Oracle Applications. These organizations can be sets of books, business groups, legal entities, operating units, or inventory organizations.


natural account segment
In Oracle General Ledger, the segment that determines whether an account is an asset, liability, owners' equity, revenue, or expense account. When you define your chart of accounts, you must define one segment as the natural account segment. Each value for this segment is assigned one of the five account types.
Natural Application Only
A Transaction Type parameter that, if enabled, does not let you apply a transaction to a debit item if the application will reverse the sign of the debit item (for example, from a positive to a negative balance). Natural Application does not apply to chargebacks and adjustments. See Overapplication.
An instance of an activity in an Oracle Workflow process diagram as shown in the Process window of Oracle Workflow Builder. See also process.
non-revenue sales credit
Sales credit you assign to your salespeople that is not associated with your invoice lines. This is sales credit given in excess of your revenue sales credit. See also revenue sales credit.


offset account
An offset account is used to balance journal entries in your General Ledger. For example, offsetting accounts for a guarantee are the Unbilled Receivables and the Unbilled Revenue accounts.
on account
Payments where you intentionally apply all or part of the payment amount to a customer without reference to a debit item. On account examples include prepayments and deposits.
on account credits
Credits that you assign to your customer's account that are not related to a specific invoice. You can create on account credits in the Transactions window or using AutoInvoice.
on account payment
The status of a payment of which you apply all or part of its amount to a customer without reference to a specific debit item. Examples of these are prepayments and deposits.
online processing
When, during the execution of a single process, no further input is allowed until the process is complete.
open batch
Status of a batch that is in balance, but contains unapplied or unidentified payments.
open items
Any item, such as an invoice, debit memo, credit memo, chargeback, on account credit, on account payment, or unapplied payment, whose balance due is not yet zero.
Oracle8 tables
A table is a two-dimensional graphic representation of data consisting of columns and rows. Categories of information are listed across the top of each table, while individual listings of information are listed down the left side. In this format, you can readily visualize, understand, and use the information. Oracle Financials products use Oracle8 tables to store the information you need to run your business.
order date
The date upon which an order for goods or services is entered.
A business unit such as a company, division, or department. Organization can refer to a complete company, or to divisions within a company. Typically, you define an organization or a similar term as part of your account when you implement Oracle Financials. See also business group.
original system
The external system from which you are transferring data into Receivables tables.
other receipts
See miscellaneous receipts.
out of balance batch
The status of a batch when the control count or amount does not equal the actual count or amount.
A Transaction Type parameter that, if enabled, lets you apply a transaction to a debit item even if it will reverse the sign of the debit item (for example, from a positive to a negative balance). Overapplication applies to debit items such as debit memos, deposits, guarantees, credit memos, and on-account credits. See also Natural Application Only.
overflow record
A type of bank file record that stores additional payment information that could not fit on the payment record. Each overflow record must have a payment record as a parent. Typically, an overflow record will store additional invoice numbers and the amount of the payment to apply to each invoice.


parallel processing
Parallel processing allows segments of a program to be processed by different processors at the same time to reduce the overall time to complete the program.
parameter (report)
See report parameter.
parent segment value
An Accounting Flexfield segment value that references a number of other segment values, which are referred to as child segment values. Receivables uses parent segment values for creating Accounting Flexfields that summarize others and for creating summary reports.
See also child segment value.
Any form of remittance, including checks, cash, money orders, credit cards, and Electronic Funds Transfer.
payment application
This report column represents the payments that were applied to the item within the GL Date range that you specified. If the transaction number corresponds to the item the payment was applied to, then the amount should be positive. If the transaction number is the payment itself, then the amount should be negative. The amount in this column should match the sum of the amounts in the Applied Amount, Earned Discount, and Unearned Discount columns of the Applied Receipts Register Report.
payment batch
(Also known as a receipt batch.) A group of payments that you enter together to help you ensure accurate payment entry. Payments within the same batch share the same batch source and batch name. Receivables displays any differences between the control and actual counts and amounts.
payment format
An Oracle Receivables feature that allows you to make invoice payments using a variety of methods. You can disburse funds using checks, electronic funds transfers, and wire transfers. Receivables updates your scheduled payments the same way, regardless of which payment method you use. You can assign a payment method to suppliers, supplier sites, invoice scheduled payment lines, and payment formats. You can then assign one or more payment formats to a bank account. You can have multiple payment formats for each payment method. Receivables associates receipt class, remittance bank, and receipt account information with your receipt entries. You can define payment methods for both manual and automatic receipts.
payment method
An attribute that associates receipt class, remittance bank and receipt account information with your receipt entries. You can define payment methods for both manual and automatic receipts.
payment schedules
The due date and discount date for payment of an invoice. For example, the payment term '2% 10, Net 30' lets a customer take a two percent discount if payment is received within 10 days with the full invoice amount due within 30 days of the invoice date. See also scheduled payment, payment terms.
payment terms
The due date and discount date for payment of a transaction. For example, the payment term '2% 10, Net 30' lets a customer take a two percent discount if payment is received within 10 days; after 10 days, the entire balance is due within 30 days of the invoice date with no applicable discount. See also discount, scheduled payment.
precedence numbers
Numbers used to determine how Receivables will compound taxes. The tax line with the highest precedence number will calculate tax on all tax lines with a lower precedence number.
Post QuickCash
Receipts entered through the QuickCash window or using AutoLockbox are stored in interim tables; this lets you review them to ensure that all receipt and application information is correct. After verifying that all information is correct, you can run Post QuickCash to update your customer's account balances. See also QuickCash.
primary customer information
Address and contact information for your customer's headquarters or principal place of business. Primary addresses and contacts can provide defaults during order entry.
primary role
Your customer contact's principle business function according to your company's terminology. For example, people in your company may refer to accounting responsibilities such as Controller or Receivables Supervisor.
primary salesperson
The salesperson that receives 100% of the sales credits when you first enter an invoice or commitment.
print lead days
The number of days you subtract from the payment due date to determine the invoice date for each installment. You can only specify Print Lead Days when you are defining split payment terms.
A set of Oracle Workflow activities that need to be performed to accomplish a business goal. See also Account Generator, process activity, process definition.
process activity
An Oracle Workflow process modelled as an activity so that it can be referenced by other processes; also known as a subprocess. See also process.
process definition
An Oracle Workflow process as defined in the Oracle Workflow Builder. See also process.
profile option
A set of changeable options that affect the way your applications run. In general, profile options can be set at one or more of the following levels: site, application, responsibility, and user. Refer to the Receivables Profile Option appendix for more information.
promise date
The date on which a customer promises to pay for products or services.
proprietary account
An account segment value (such as 3500) assigned one of the five proprietary account types. The five types include Asset, Liability, Owner's Equity, Revenue, and Expense.
Proprietary account
An account that contains a proprietary account.
proprietary account type
Any of the five account types: Asset, Liability, Owner's Equity, Revenue, and Expense.
proprietary funds
A fund type that uses accounting and reporting techniques similar to commercial enterprises. Examples of proprietary funds include internal service funds, such as a central motor pool or central public works facility, and enterprise funds.
protection level
In Oracle Workflow, a numeric value ranging from 0 to 1000 that represents who the data is protected from for modification. When workflow data is defined, it can either be set to customizable (1000), meaning anyone can modify it, or it can be assigned a protection level that is equal to the access level of the user defining the data. In the latter case, only users operating at an access level equal to or lower than the data's protection level can modify the data. See also Account Generator.
proxima payment terms
A payment term you define for invoices due on the same day each period, such as your credit card or telephone bills. When you define a proxima payment term, you specify a cutoff day and the day of month due. This type of payment term is also used with consolidated billing invoices. See also cutoff day, consolidated billing invoice.
A Receivables process where you identify a group of records for Receivables to delete from the database. Receivables purges each record and its related records. Receivables maintains summary data for each record it purges.


A feature that lets you enter receipts quickly by providing only minimal information. After using QuickCash to enter your receipts, you can post your payment batches to your customer accounts by running Post QuickCash. See also Post QuickCash.
Codes that you define for the activities and terminology you use in your business.
For example, you can define QuickCodes for personal titles, such as 'Sales Manager', so you can refer to people using these titles.
quota sales credits
See revenue sales credit, non-revenue sales credit.


realized gain or loss
The actual gain or loss in value that results from holding an asset or liability over time. Realized gains and losses are shown separately on the Income Statement. See also unrealized gain or loss, foreign currency exchange gain or loss.
Standard definitions that you can customize to clarify your adjustment entries, debit memos, customer responses, invoices, credit memos, payment reversals and on account credits. Use reasons to improve the quality of your reporting.
receipt batch source
A name that you use to refer to how your company accounts for receipts. Receipt batch sources relate your receipt batches to both the bank and the accounting information required for recording and posting your receipts.
receipt class
Automatic receipt processing steps that you relate to your payment methods. You can choose whether to confirm, remit, and clear automatic receipts.
receipt grace days
A specific number of days that you assign to your customers and sites to effectively extend the due dates for their outstanding debit items.
receipt source
Your name for a source from which your company receives cash. Your receipt sources determine the accounting for payments that are associated with them. Receipts that you deposit in different banks belong in different payment sources.
Payment received in exchange for goods or services. These include applied and unapplied receipts entered within the GL date range that you specified. If the receipt is applied within the GL date range that you specified, it will appear in the Applied Receipts register; otherwise it will appear in the Unapplied Receipt Register. See also cross site and cross customer receipts, cross currency receipts.
receivable activities
Predefined Receivables activities used to define the general ledger accounts with which you associate your receivables activities.
receivables activity name
A name that you use to refer to a receivables activity. You use your receivables activities during the setup process to create accounting distributions for cash and miscellaneous receipt payments, receivables adjustments, discounts, receivables accounts, and finance charges.
reciprocal customer relationship
An equal relationship shared between two customers. Both customers can enter invoices against each others commitments as well as pay each others debit items.
An analysis that explains the difference between two balances. If you are using Cash Management to reconcile receipts, payments are reconciled when they are matched to a bank statement line.
record type
A bank file is made up of many different rows or records. Each record must have a type. For example, a record may store information about a payment record or a batch record. Record types help Receivables determine where different types of data are stored in your bank file.
recurring invoice
A feature that lets you create invoices for an expense that occurs regularly and is not usually invoiced. Monthly rents and lease payments are examples of typical recurring payments. You define recurring invoice templates and Receivables lets you define recurring invoices using these templates. See also recurring rule.
recurring rule
A rule that is applied to the model invoice to determine the invoice dates of the recurring invoices. You can choose Annually, Bi-Monthly, Days, Monthly, Quarterly, Semi-Annually, Single Copy, and Weekly.
recurring schedule
A schedule used to determine the number of recurring invoices created. You specify the recurring rule and number of recurring invoices you want to create.
An association you can create between two or more customers in Receivables to make payment applications easier. See also reciprocal customer relationship.
relative amount
The amount that represents the numerator for the ratio used to determine the amount due. You specify your relative amount when you define your payment terms.
Amount Due = Relative Amount/Base Amount * Invoice Amount
remit to addresses
The address to which your customers remit their payments.
remittance bank
The bank in which you deposit your receipts.
An organized display of Oracle Applications information. A report can be viewed online or sent to a printer. The content of information in a report can range from a summary to a complete listing of values.
report headings
A descriptive section found at the top of each report giving general information about the contents of the report.
report option
See report parameter.
report parameter
Options that let you sort, format, select, and summarize the information in your reports.
Reserve for Encumbrance
A portion of fund balance you use to record anticipated expenditures. In Oracle Financials, you define your Reserve for Encumbrance account when you define your set of books. Oracle Financials uses your Reserve for Encumbrance account to create offsets for unbalanced encumbrance entries you create in Purchasing, Payables, and General Ledger.
A level of authority in an application. Each responsibility lets you access a specific set of Oracle Applications windows, menus, reports, and data to fulfill your role in an organization. Several users can share the same responsibility, and a single user can have multiple responsibilities.
result code
In Oracle Workflow, the internal name of a result value, as defined by the result type. See also result type, result value.
result type
In Oracle Workflow, the name of the lookup type that contains an activity's possible result values. See also result code, result value.
result value
In Oracle Workflow, the value returned by a completed activity, such as Approved. See also result code, result type.
return reason
Justification for a return of product. Many companies have standard reasons that are assigned to returns to be used to analyze the quantity and types of returns. See also credit memo reasons.
Restatement of assets of liabilities denominated in a foreign currency using exchange rates that you enter. Fluctuations in exchange rates between the transaction and revaluation dates result in revaluation gains or losses.
revenue credit
See revenue sales credit.
revenue recognition
The point at which revenue is recorded. The concept of revenue recognition is central to accrual-basis accounting. Revenue recognition schedules detail the points at which percent amounts of a sale are recognized as revenue.
revenue sales credit
Sales credit you assign to your salespeople that is based on your invoice lines. The total percentage of all revenue sales credit must be equal to 100% of your invoice lines amount. Also known as quota sales credits. See also non-revenue sales credit, sales credit.
The process of taking the beginning balance of a period and then accounting for the transactions within that period by attempting to equate the beginning balance with the ending balance for the period.


sales credit
Credits that you assign to your salespeople when you enter orders, invoices, and commitments. Credits can be either quota or non-quota and can be used in determining commissions. See also non-revenue sales credit, revenue sales credit.
sales tax
A tax collected by a tax authority on purchases of goods and services. The supplier of the good or service collects sales taxes from its customers (tax is usually included in the invoice amount) and remits them to a tax authority. Tax is usually charged as a percentage of the price of the good or service. The percentage rate usually varies by authority and sometimes by category of product. Sales taxes are expenses to the buyer of goods and services.
sales tax structure
The collection of taxing bodies that you will use to determine your tax authority. 'State.County.City' is an example of a Sales Tax Structure. Receivables adds together the tax rates for all of these components to determine a customer's total tax liability for
a transaction.
A person who is responsible for the sale of products or services. Salespeople are associated with orders, returns, invoices, commitments, and customers. You can also assign sales credits to your salespeople.
scheduled payment
A schedule used to determine the amount and date of payment due. You use payment terms to determine your scheduled payment as well as any discounts offered. See also payment terms.
selection options
For each report, Receivables provides you with parameters you can choose to make your report as brief as possible. For example, on the Aging - 4 Buckets report, you can specify that you want to review the report for a range of customers or only the aging information for one customer. This feature saves time and lets you retrieve data in different ways.
senior tax authority
The first tax location in your sales tax structure. This segment does not have a parent location. For example, in the sales tax structure 'State.County.City', State is the senior tax authority.
sequence type
Receivables provides two types of sequences: Automatic and Manual. Automatic numbering sequentially assigns a unique number to each transaction as it is created. Manual numbering requires that you manually assign a unique number to each transaction when you create it. You can skip or omit numbers if desired.
A parameter you can set when defining your dunning letter sets to ensure that your customers and sites receive proper notification of past due debit items. Sequencing ensures that a customer receives each of the dunning letters in their dunning letter set in the proper order. See also document sequence.
set of books
A financial reporting entity that uses a particular chart of accounts, functional currency and accounting calendar. You must define at least one set of books for each business location.
ship date
The date upon which a shippable item is shipped.
Ship To Address
The address of the customer who is to receive products or services listed on the invoice or order.
ship via
See freight carrier.
SIC code
(Standard Industry Classification Code) A standard classification created by the government that is used to categorize your customers by industry.
site use
See business purpose.
split amount
A dollar amount that determines the number of invoices over and under this amount, as well as the total amounts remaining. For example, your company generates invoices that are either $300 or $500. You choose $400 as your split amount so that you can review how much of your open receivables are comprised of your $300 business and how much corresponds to your $500 business. The split amount appears in the Collection Effectiveness Indicators Report.
split payment terms
A feature used to automatically schedule multiple payments for an invoice. You can split payments using either a flat amount or a percentage of the total amount due.
spot exchange rate
A daily exchange rate you use to perform foreign currency conversions. The spot exchange rate is usually a quoted market rate that applies to the immediate delivery of one currency for another.
staged dunning
A dunning method in which letters are based on the dunning levels of past due debit items. This method lets you send dunning letters based on the number of days since the last letter was sent, rather than the number of days items are past due. For each dunning letter, you specify the minimum number of days that must pass before Receivables can increment an item's dunning level and include this item in the next letter that you send.
standard memo lines
A type of line that you assign to an invoice when the item is not an inventory item (for example, 'Consulting Services'). You define standard memo lines to speed data entry when creating your transactions.
standard reversal
A payment reversal where Receivables automatically updates your general ledger and re-opens the debit items you closed by reversing the original payment.
Printed documents you send to your customers to communicate their invoice, debit memo, chargeback, deposit, payment, on-account credit, credit memo, and adjustment activity.
See customer status.
System Items Flexfield
A flexfield that allows you to define the structure of your item identifier according to your business requirements. You can choose the number and order of segments (such as product and product line), the length of each segment, and other characteristics. You can define up to twenty segments for your item. Also known as Item Flexfield.


tax authority
A governmental entity that collects taxes on goods and services purchased by a customer from a supplier. In some countries, there are many authorities (e.g. state, local and federal governments in the US), while in others there may be only one. Each authority may charge a different tax rate. Within Receivables, tax authority consists of all components of your tax structure. For example: California.San Mateo.Redwood Shores for State.County.City. Receivables adds together the tax rates for all of these locations to determine a customer's total tax liability for an invoice.
tax codes
Codes to which you assign sales tax or value-added tax rates. Oracle Receivables lets you choose state codes as the tax code when you define sales tax rates for the United States. (Receivables QuickCode)
tax engine
A collection of programs, user defined system parameters, and hierarchical flows used by Receivables to calculate tax.
tax exempt
A customer, business purpose, or item to which tax charges do not apply. See also exemption certificate.
Tax Identification Number
In the United States, the number used to identify 1099 suppliers. If a 1099 supplier is an individual, the Tax Identification Number is the supplier's social security number. If a 1099 supplier is a corporation, the Tax Identification Number is also known as the Federal Identification Number.
tax location
A specific tax location within your tax authority. For example 'Redwood Shores' is a tax location in the Tax Authority California.San Mateo.Redwood Shores.
tax type
A feature you use to indicate the type of tax charged by a tax authority when you define a tax name. Receivables uses the tax type during invoice entry to determine the financial impact of the tax. When you enter a tax of type Sales, Receivables creates a separate invoice distribution line for the tax amount. When you enter a tax of type Use, Receivables does not create the invoice distribution line.
A feature that lets you categorize your customers or salespeople. For example, you can categorize your customers by geographic region or industry type.
Territory Flexfield
A key flexfield you can use to categorize customers and salespersons.
tolerance percentage
The percentage amount by which customers are allowed to exceed their credit limit and still pass the credit check.
transaction type
An invoice control feature that lets you specify default values for invoice printing, posting to the general ledger, and updating open receivable balances.
These include invoices, debit memos, credit memos, deposits, guarantees and chargebacks entered with a GL date that is between the beginning and ending GL dates. The transactions are displayed in the Transaction Register in the Functional Currency column. See also batch source.
transaction batch sources
See batch source.
In Oracle Workflow, the relationship that defines the completion of one activity and the activation of another activity within a process. In a process diagram, the arrow drawn between two activities represents a transition. See also activity, Workflow Engine.
See revaluation.
transmission format
A transmission format defines what data your bank is sending in the bank file, and how that data is organized. In Receivables, you define a transmission format that identifies what types of records you want to import, what data is in each type of record, and the position in which that data is located on the record.


unapplied payment
The status of a payment for which you can identify the customer, but you have not applied or placed on account all or part of the payment. For example, you receive a check for $1200.00 and you apply it to an open debit item for $1000.00. The remaining $200.00 is unapplied until you either apply the payment to a debit item or place the amount On Account.
unearned discounts
Discounts your customers are allowed to take if they pay for their invoices after the discount date. (The discount date is determined by the payment terms.) You can specify at the system level whether you want to allow customers to take unearned discounts. See also payment terms.
unidentified payment
The status of a payment for which the customer is unknown. Receivables retains unidentified payments for you to process further.
unrealized gain or loss
The measured change in value of an asset or liability over time. Payables provides a report (the Unrealized Gain and Loss Report) that you can submit from the standard report submission form at any time to review your unrealized gains and losses. See also realized gain or loss.
user procedures
Receivables provides you with a report set so that you can run through your concurrent manager to generate the reports from the rollforward process. You must specify the report parameters as you are prompted. You must also specify the same GL Date range for all of the reports in the set except for the Aging reports. The Aging reports require that you declare an As Of Date. The As Of Date represents the date that Receivables uses to determine the balance of the transaction. Receivables determines the balance by taking the current balance of an item, and then reversing any transactions against this item that occurred after the As Of Date. You must enter the beginning GL Date of your GL Date range to determine your beginning balance. You must enter the ending GL Date of your GL Date range to determine the ending balance. When the process completes, you should verify the amounts on the reports.
US Sales and Use tax
Levied on the end consumer, prior stages of supply are exempt by certificate awarded by the state of the recipient. Government and other organizations are exempt by statue. Many taxes may apply to a single transaction, including state, County, City, Transit, and Muni tax. Monthly returns to each state are required only if the operating company is registered for business within that state. Monthly reporting of Sales and Use tax can be on an accrual or cash basis.


value added tax (VAT)
A tax on the supply of goods and services paid for by the consumer, but collected at each stage of the production and distribution chain. The collection and payment of value added tax amounts is usually reported to tax authorities on a quarterly basis and is not included in the revenue or expense of a company. With Receivables, you control the tax names on which you report and the reference information you want to record. You can also request period-to-date value added tax reports.


Workflow Engine
The Oracle Workflow component that implements a workflow process definition. The Workflow Engine manages the state of all activities, automatically executes functions, maintains a history of completed activities, and detects error conditions and starts error processes. The Workflow Engine is implemented in server PL/SQL and activated when a call to an engine API is made. See also Account Generator, activity, function, item type.




The standard file format for bank transfers in Japan. The profile option AR: Alternate Name Search determines whether you can transfer this type of bank file into Receivables using AutoLockbox. The profile option AR: Zengin Character Set lets you choose the character set to use when importing bank files of this type.

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