|Oracle9i Database Reference
Release 1 (9.0.1)
Part Number A90190-02
Initialization Parameters, 196 of 220
|Range of values||
Maximum: operating system-dependent
SORT_AREA_SIZE specifies in bytes the maximum amount of memory Oracle will use for a sort. After the sort is complete, but before the rows are returned, Oracle releases all of the memory allocated for the sort, except the amount specified by the
SORT_AREA_RETAINED_SIZE parameter. After the last row is returned, Oracle releases the remainder of the memory.
SORT_AREA_SIZE size improves the efficiency of large sorts. Multiple allocations never occur. Only one memory area of
SORT_AREA_SIZE exists for each user process at any time.
SORT_AREA_SIZE is also used for inserts and updates to bitmap indexes. Setting this value appropriately results in a bitmap segment being updated only once for each DML operation, even if more than one row in that segment changes.
Larger values of
SORT_AREA_SIZE permit more sorts to be performed in memory. If more space is required to complete the sort than will fit into the memory provided, then temporary segments on disk are used to hold the intermediate sort runs.
The default is adequate for most OLTP operations. You might want to adjust this parameter for decision support systems, batch jobs, or large
CREATE INDEX operations.