Oracle8i Enterprise JavaBeans Developer's Guide and Reference
Release 3 (8.1.7)

Part Number A83725-01


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Using JNDI to Access Bound Objects

Clients use the Java Naming and Directory Interface (JNDI) interface to look up published objects in the JServer namespace. JNDI is an interface supplied by Sun Microsystems that gives the Java application developer a methodology to access name and directory services. This section discusses only those parts of the JNDI API that are needed to look up and activate published objects. To obtain a complete set of documentation for JNDI, see the web site URL


It is also possible to access the session namespace without using JNDI. Instead, you can use CosNaming methods.  

As described in "URL Syntax", the JNDI URL required to access any bound name in the JServer namespace requires a compound name consisting of the following two components:

You can utilize the service and session contexts to perform some advanced techniques, such as opening different sessions within a database or enabling several clients to access an object in a single session. These are discussed further in the "Session IIOP Service". However, for simple JNDI lookup invocations, you should use the URL syntax specified in "URL Syntax".

Importing JNDI Support Classes

When you use JNDI in your client or server object implementations, be sure to include the following import statements in each source file:

import javax.naming.Context;    // the JNDI Context interface
import javax.naming.InitialContext;
import oracle.aurora.jndi.sess_iiop.ServiceCtx; // JNDI property constants
import java.util.Hashtable;     // hashtable for the initial context environment

Retrieving the JNDI InitialContext

Context is an interface in the javax.naming package that is used to retrieve the InitialContext. All Oracle8i EJB and CORBA clients use the InitialContext for JNDI lookup(). Before you perform a JNDI lookup(), you set the environment variables, such as authentication information into the Context. You can use a hash table or a properties list for the environment. Then, this information is made available to the naming service when the lookup() is performed. The examples in this guide always use a Java Hashtable, as follows:

Hashtable environment = new Hashtable();

Next, you set up properties in the hash table. You must always set the Context URL_PKG_PREFIXES property, whether you are on the client or server. The remaining properties are used for authentication, which primarily are used by clients or by a server authenticating itself as another user.


Context.URL_PKG_PREFIXES holds the name of the environment property for specifying the list of package prefixes to use when loading in URL context factories. The value of the property should be a colon-separated list of package prefixes for the class name of the factory class that will create a URL context factory.

In the current implementation, you must always supply this property in the Context environment, and it must be set to the String "oracle.aurora.jndi".


Context.SECURITY_PRINCIPAL holds the database username.


Context.SECURITY_CREDENTIAL holds the clear-text password. This is the Oracle database password for the SECURITY_PRINCIPAL (the database user). In all of the three authentication methods mentioned in SECURITY_AUTHENTICATION below, the password is encrypted when it is transmitted to the server.


Context.SECURITY_ROLE holds the Oracle8i database role with which the user is connecting. For example, "CLERK" or "MANAGER".


Context.SECURITY_AUTHENTICATION holds the name of the environment property that specifies the type of authentication to use. Values for this property provide for the authentication types supported by Oracle8i. There are four possible values, which are defined in the ServiceCtx class:


If you are using a service name instead of an SID in the URL, you set this property to true. Otherwise, the last string in the URL must contain the SID. Given a Hashtable within the variable, env, the following designates that the service name is used instead of the SID within the URL:

Hashtable env = new Hashtable();
env.put(Context.URL_PKG_PREFIXES, "oracle.aurora.jndi");
env.put(Context.SECURITY_PRINCIPAL, "scott");
env.put(Context.SECURITY_CREDENTIALS, "tiger");
env.put("USE_SERVICE_NAME", "true");
Context ic = new InitialContext(env);

The default is false.

The URL given within the lookup should contain a service name, instead of an SID. The following URL contains the service name, orasun12:

myHello hello =
    (myHello) ic.lookup("sess_iiop://localhost:2481:orasun12/test/myHello");

The JNDI InitialContext Methods

InitialContext is a class in the javax.naming package that implements the Context interface. All naming operations are relative to a context. The initial context implements the Context interface and provides the starting point for resolution of names.


You construct a new initial context using the constructor:

public InitialContext(Hashtable environment)

It requires a Hashtable for the input parameter that contains the environment information described in "Retrieving the JNDI InitialContext" above. The following code fragment sets up an environment for a typical client, and creates a new initial context:

Hashtable env = new Hashtable();
env.put(Context.URL_PKG_PREFIXES, "oracle.aurora.jndi");
env.put(Context.SECURITY_PRINCIPAL, "scott");
env.put(Context.SECURITY_CREDENTIALS, "tiger");
Context ic = new InitialContext(env);


This is the most common initial context class method that the CORBA or EJB application developer will use:

public Object lookup(String URL)

You use lookup() to retrieve an object instance or to create a new service context.

See "Session Management Scenarios" for examples on how to use the JNDI lookup method within an EJB or CORBA application.

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