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Oracle9i SQL Reference
Release 2 (9.2)

Part Number A96540-02
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Use the ALTER CLUSTER statement to redefine storage and parallelism characteristics of a cluster.


You cannot use this statement to change the number or the name of columns in the cluster key, and you cannot change the tablespace in which the cluster is stored.

See Also:


The cluster must be in your own schema or you must have the ALTER ANY CLUSTER system privilege.



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Text description of alter_cluster


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Text description of physical_attributes_clause



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Text description of allocate_extent_clause


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Text description of deallocate_unused_clause


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Text description of parallel_clause



Specify the schema containing the cluster. If you omit schema, Oracle assumes the cluster is in your own schema.


Specify the name of the cluster to be altered.


Use this clause to change the values of the PCTUSED, PCTFREE, INITRANS, and MAXTRANS parameters of the cluster.

Use the STORAGE clause to change the storage characteristics of the cluster.

Restriction on Physical Attributes

You cannot change the values of the storage parameters INITIAL and MINEXTENTS for a cluster.

See Also:

SIZE integer

Use the SIZE clause to specify the number of cluster keys that will be stored in data blocks allocated to the cluster.

Restriction on SIZE

You can change the SIZE parameter only for an indexed cluster, not for a hash cluster.

See Also:

CREATE CLUSTER for a description of the SIZE parameter and "Modifying a Cluster: Example"


Specify the allocate_extent_clause to explicitly allocate a new extent for the cluster.

When you explicitly allocate an extent with this clause, Oracle does not evaluate the cluster's storage parameters and determine a new size for the next extent to be allocated (as it does when you create a table). Therefore, specify SIZE if you do not want Oracle to use a default value.

Restriction on Allocating Extents

You can allocate a new extent only for an indexed cluster, not for a hash cluster.

See Also:

allocate_extent_clause for a full description of this clause and "Deallocating Unused Space: Example"


Use the deallocate_unused_clause to explicitly deallocate unused space at the end of the cluster and make the freed space available for other segments.

See Also:

deallocate_unused_clause for a full description of this clause



Specify CACHE if you want the blocks retrieved for this cluster to be placed at the most recently used end of the least recently used (LRU) list in the buffer cache when a full table scan is performed. This clause is useful for small lookup tables.


Specify NOCACHE if you want the blocks retrieved for this cluster to be placed at the least recently used end of the LRU list in the buffer cache when a full table scan is performed. This is the default behavior.


Specify the parallel_clause to change the default degree of parallelism for queries and DML on the cluster.

Restriction on Parallelized Clusters

If the tables in cluster contain any columns of LOB or user-defined object type, this statement as well as subsequent INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE operations on cluster are executed serially without notification.


The syntax of the parallel_clause supersedes syntax appearing in earlier releases of Oracle. Superseded syntax is still supported for backward compatibility, but may result in slightly different behavior than that documented.


Specify NOPARALLEL for serial execution. This is the default.


Specify PARALLEL if you want Oracle to select a degree of parallelism equal to the number of CPUs available on all participating instances times the value of the PARALLEL_THREADS_PER_CPU initialization parameter.

PARALLEL integer

Specification of integer indicates the degree of parallelism, which is the number of parallel threads used in the parallel operation. Each parallel thread may use one or two parallel execution servers. Normally Oracle calculates the optimum degree of parallelism, so it is not necessary for you to specify integer.

See Also:

"Notes on the parallel_clause" for CREATE TABLE


The following examples modify the clusters that were created in the "Examples" section of CREATE CLUSTER on .

Modifying a Cluster: Example

The next statement alters the personnel cluster:

   SIZE 1024 CACHE;

Oracle allocates 1024 bytes for each cluster key value and turns on the cache attribute. Assuming a data block size of 2 kilobytes, future data blocks within this cluster contain 2 cluster keys in each data block, or 2 kilobytes divided by 1024 bytes.

Deallocating Unused Space: Example

The following statement deallocates unused space from the language cluster, keeping 30 kilobytes of unused space for future use: