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Functional test cases test a common business operation or scenario. Table 3 shows some examples of functional test cases.
A test case describes the actions and objects to be tested. A case is presented as a list of steps and the expected behavior at the completion of a step. Figure 12 shows an example of a test case. Notice that in the Detailed Step column, there are no data values in the step; instead you see a parameter name in brackets as a place holder. This parameterization approach is a common technique used with automation tools and is helpful for creating reusable test cases.
Frequently, a single path can be used to test many scenarios by simply changing the data that is used. For example, you can test the processing of both high-value and low-value opportunities by changing the opportunity data entered, or you can test the same path on two different language versions of the application. For this reason, it can be helpful to define the test path separate from the test data.
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