javax.faces.application
Class StateManager

java.lang.Object
  extended by javax.faces.application.StateManager
Direct Known Subclasses:
StateManagerWrapper

public abstract class StateManager
extends Object

StateManager directs the process of saving and restoring the view between requests. An implementation of this class must be thread-safe. The StateManager instance for an application is retrieved from the Application instance, and thus cannot know any details of the markup language created by the RenderKit being used to render a view. The StateManager utilizes a helper object (ResponseStateManager), that is provided by the RenderKit implementation and is therefore aware of the markup language details.


Nested Class Summary
 class StateManager.SerializedView
          Deprecated. This class was not marked Serializable in the 1.0 version of the spec. It was also not a static inner class, so it can't be made to be Serializable. Therefore, it is being deprecated in version 1.2 of the spec. The replacement is to use an implementation dependent Object.
 
Field Summary
static String FULL_STATE_SAVING_VIEW_IDS_PARAM_NAME
          

The runtime must interpret the value of this parameter as a comma separated list of view IDs, each of which must have their state saved using the state saving mechanism specified in JSF 1.2.

static String PARTIAL_STATE_SAVING_PARAM_NAME
          

The ServletContext init parameter consulted by the runtime to determine if the partial state saving mechanism should be used.

static String STATE_SAVING_METHOD_CLIENT
          Constant value for the initialization parameter named by the STATE_SAVING_METHOD_PARAM_NAME that indicates state saving should take place on the client.
static String STATE_SAVING_METHOD_PARAM_NAME
          The ServletContext init parameter consulted by the StateManager to tell where the state should be saved.
static String STATE_SAVING_METHOD_SERVER
          Constant value for the initialization parameter named by the STATE_SAVING_METHOD_PARAM_NAME that indicates state saving should take place on the server.
 
Constructor Summary
StateManager()
           
 
Method Summary
protected  Object getComponentStateToSave(FacesContext context)
          Deprecated. the distinction between tree structure and component state is now an implementation detail. The default implementation returns null.
protected  Object getTreeStructureToSave(FacesContext context)
          Deprecated. the distinction between tree structure and component state is now an implementation detail. The default implementation returns null.
 String getViewState(FacesContext context)
          

Convenience method to return the view state as a String with no RenderKit specific markup.

 boolean isSavingStateInClient(FacesContext context)
           
protected  void restoreComponentState(FacesContext context, UIViewRoot viewRoot, String renderKitId)
          Deprecated. the distinction between tree structure and component state is now an implementation detail. The default implementation does nothing.
protected  UIViewRoot restoreTreeStructure(FacesContext context, String viewId, String renderKitId)
          Deprecated. the distinction between tree structure and component state is now an implementation detail. The default implementation returns null.
abstract  UIViewRoot restoreView(FacesContext context, String viewId, String renderKitId)
          Restore the tree structure and the component state of the view for the specified viewId, in an implementation dependent manner, and return the restored UIViewRoot.
 StateManager.SerializedView saveSerializedView(FacesContext context)
          Deprecated. this has been replaced by saveView(javax.faces.context.FacesContext). The default implementation calls saveView and inspects the return. If the return is an Object [], it casts the result to an Object [] wrapping the first and second elements in an instance of StateManager.SerializedView, which it then returns. Otherwise, it return null
 Object saveView(FacesContext context)
          Return an opaque Object containing sufficient information for this same instance to restore the state of the current UIViewRoot on a subsequent request.
 void writeState(FacesContext context, Object state)
          Save the state represented in the specified state Object instance, in an implementation dependent manner.
 void writeState(FacesContext context, StateManager.SerializedView state)
          Deprecated. This method has been replaced by writeState(javax.faces.context.FacesContext,java.lang.Object). The default implementation calls the non-deprecated variant of the method passing an Object [] as the second argument, where the first element of the array is the return from getStructure() and the second is the return from getState() on the argument state.
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Field Detail

STATE_SAVING_METHOD_PARAM_NAME

public static final String STATE_SAVING_METHOD_PARAM_NAME

The ServletContext init parameter consulted by the StateManager to tell where the state should be saved. Valid values are given as the values of the constants: STATE_SAVING_METHOD_CLIENT or STATE_SAVING_METHOD_SERVER.

If this parameter is not specified, the default value is the value of the constant STATE_SAVING_METHOD_CLIENT.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

PARTIAL_STATE_SAVING_PARAM_NAME

public static final String PARTIAL_STATE_SAVING_PARAM_NAME

The ServletContext init parameter consulted by the runtime to determine if the partial state saving mechanism should be used.

If undefined, the runtime must determine the version level of the application.

  • For applications versioned at 1.2 and under, the runtime must not use the partial state saving mechanism.

  • For applications versioned at 2.0 and above, the runtime must use the partial state saving mechanism.

If this parameter is defined, and the application is versioned at 1.2 and under, the runtime must not use the partial state saving mechanism. Otherwise, If this param is defined, and calling toLowerCase().equals("true") on a String representation of its value returns true, the runtime must use partial state mechanism. Otherwise the partial state saving mechanism must not be used.

Since:
2.0
See Also:
Constant Field Values

FULL_STATE_SAVING_VIEW_IDS_PARAM_NAME

public static final String FULL_STATE_SAVING_VIEW_IDS_PARAM_NAME

The runtime must interpret the value of this parameter as a comma separated list of view IDs, each of which must have their state saved using the state saving mechanism specified in JSF 1.2.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

STATE_SAVING_METHOD_CLIENT

public static final String STATE_SAVING_METHOD_CLIENT

Constant value for the initialization parameter named by the STATE_SAVING_METHOD_PARAM_NAME that indicates state saving should take place on the client.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

STATE_SAVING_METHOD_SERVER

public static final String STATE_SAVING_METHOD_SERVER

Constant value for the initialization parameter named by the STATE_SAVING_METHOD_PARAM_NAME that indicates state saving should take place on the server.

See Also:
Constant Field Values
Constructor Detail

StateManager

public StateManager()
Method Detail

saveSerializedView

public StateManager.SerializedView saveSerializedView(FacesContext context)
Deprecated. this has been replaced by saveView(javax.faces.context.FacesContext). The default implementation calls saveView and inspects the return. If the return is an Object [], it casts the result to an Object [] wrapping the first and second elements in an instance of StateManager.SerializedView, which it then returns. Otherwise, it return null

Return the tree structure and component state information for the view contained in the specified FacesContext instance as an object of type StateManager.SerializedView. If there is no state information to be saved, return null instead.

Components may opt out of being included in the serialized view by setting their transient property to true. This must cause the component itself, as well as all of that component's children and facets, to be omitted from the saved tree structure and component state information.

This method must also enforce the rule that, for components with non-null ids, all components that are descendants of the same nearest NamingContainer must have unique identifiers.

Parameters:
context - FacesContext for the current request
Throws:
IllegalStateException - if more than one component or facet within the same NamingContainer in this view has the same non-null component id

saveView

public Object saveView(FacesContext context)

Return an opaque Object containing sufficient information for this same instance to restore the state of the current UIViewRoot on a subsequent request. The returned object must implement java.io.Serializable. If there is no state information to be saved, return null instead.

Components may opt out of being included in the serialized view by setting their transient property to true. This must cause the component itself, as well as all of that component's children and facets, to be omitted from the saved tree structure and component state information.

This method must also enforce the rule that, for components with non-null ids, all components that are descendants of the same nearest NamingContainer must have unique identifiers.

For backwards compatability with existing StateManager implementations, the default implementation of this method calls saveSerializedView(javax.faces.context.FacesContext) and creates and returns a two element Object array with element zero containing the structure property and element one containing the state property of the SerializedView.

Parameters:
context - FacesContext for the current request
Throws:
IllegalStateException - if more than one component or facet within the same NamingContainer in this view has the same non-null component id
Since:
1.2

getTreeStructureToSave

protected Object getTreeStructureToSave(FacesContext context)
Deprecated. the distinction between tree structure and component state is now an implementation detail. The default implementation returns null.

Convenience method, which must be called by saveSerializedView(), to construct and return a Serializable object that represents the structure of the entire component tree (including children and facets) of this view.

Components may opt-out of being included in the tree structure by setting their transient property to true. This must cause the component itself, as well as all of that component's children and facets, to be omitted from the saved tree structure information.

Parameters:
context - FacesContext for the current request

getComponentStateToSave

protected Object getComponentStateToSave(FacesContext context)
Deprecated. the distinction between tree structure and component state is now an implementation detail. The default implementation returns null.

Convenience method, which must be called by saveSerializedView(), to construct and return a Serializable object that represents the state of all component properties, attributes, and attached objects, for the entire component tree (including children and facets) of this view.

Components may opt-out of being included in the component state by setting their transient property to true. This must cause the component itself, as well as all of that component's children and facets, to be omitted from the saved component state information.

Parameters:
context - FacesContext for the current request

writeState

public void writeState(FacesContext context,
                       Object state)
                throws IOException

Save the state represented in the specified state Object instance, in an implementation dependent manner.

This method will typically simply delegate the actual writing to the writeState() method of the ResponseStateManager instance provided by the RenderKit being used to render this view. This method assumes that the caller has positioned the ResponseWriter at the correct position for the saved state to be written.

For backwards compatability with existing StateManager implementations, the default implementation of this method checks if the argument is an instance of Object [] of length greater than or equal to two. If so, it creates a SerializedView instance with the tree structure coming from element zero and the component state coming from element one and calls through to writeState(javax.faces.context.FacesContext,javax.faces.application.StateManager.SerializedView). If not, does nothing.

Parameters:
context - FacesContext for the current request
state - the Serializable state to be written, as returned by saveSerializedView(javax.faces.context.FacesContext)
Throws:
IOException
Since:
1.2

writeState

public void writeState(FacesContext context,
                       StateManager.SerializedView state)
                throws IOException
Deprecated. This method has been replaced by writeState(javax.faces.context.FacesContext,java.lang.Object). The default implementation calls the non-deprecated variant of the method passing an Object [] as the second argument, where the first element of the array is the return from getStructure() and the second is the return from getState() on the argument state.

Save the state represented in the specified SerializedView isntance, in an implementation dependent manner.

This method must consult the context initialization parameter named by the symbolic constant StateManager.STATE_SAVING_METHOD_PARAM_NAME to determine whether state should be saved on the client or the server. If not present, client side state saving is assumed.

If the init parameter indicates that client side state saving should be used, this method must delegate the actual writing to the writeState() method of the ResponseStateManager instance provided by the RenderKit being used to render this view. This method assumes that the caller has positioned the ResponseWriter at the correct position for the saved state to be written.

Parameters:
context - FacesContext for the current request
state - the serialized state to be written
Throws:
IOException

restoreView

public abstract UIViewRoot restoreView(FacesContext context,
                                       String viewId,
                                       String renderKitId)

Restore the tree structure and the component state of the view for the specified viewId, in an implementation dependent manner, and return the restored UIViewRoot. If there is no saved state information available for this viewId, return null instead.

This method must consult the context initialization parameter named by the symbolic constant StateManager.STATE_SAVING_METHOD_PARAM_NAME to determine whether state should be saved on the client or the server. If not present, client side state saving is assumed.

If the init parameter indicates that client side state saving should be used, this method must call the getTreeStructureToRestore() and (if the previous method call returned a non-null value) getComponentStateToRestore() methods of the ResponseStateManager instance provided by the RenderKit responsible for this view.

Parameters:
context - FacesContext for the current request
viewId - View identifier of the view to be restored
renderKitId - the renderKitId used to render this response. Must not be null.
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if renderKitId is null.

restoreTreeStructure

protected UIViewRoot restoreTreeStructure(FacesContext context,
                                          String viewId,
                                          String renderKitId)
Deprecated. the distinction between tree structure and component state is now an implementation detail. The default implementation returns null.

Convenience method, which must be called by restoreView(), to construct and return a UIViewRoot instance (populated with children and facets) representing the tree structure of the component tree being restored. If no saved state information is available, return null instead.

Parameters:
context - FacesContext for the current request
viewId - View identifier of the view to be restored
renderKitId - the renderKitId used to render this response. Must not be null.
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if renderKitId is null.

restoreComponentState

protected void restoreComponentState(FacesContext context,
                                     UIViewRoot viewRoot,
                                     String renderKitId)
Deprecated. the distinction between tree structure and component state is now an implementation detail. The default implementation does nothing.

Convenience method, which must be called by restoreView(), to restore the attributes, properties, and attached objects of all components in the restored component tree.

Parameters:
context - FacesContext for the current request
viewRoot - UIViewRoot returned by a previous call to restoreTreeStructure()
renderKitId - the renderKitId used to render this response. Must not be null.
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if renderKitId is null.

isSavingStateInClient

public boolean isSavingStateInClient(FacesContext context)
Returns:
true if and only if the value of the ServletContext init parameter named by the value of the constant STATE_SAVING_METHOD_PARAM_NAME is equal to the value of the constant STATE_SAVING_METHOD_CLIENT. false otherwise.
Throws:
NullPointerException - if context is null.

getViewState

public String getViewState(FacesContext context)

Convenience method to return the view state as a String with no RenderKit specific markup. This default implementation of this method will call saveView(javax.faces.context.FacesContext) and passing the result to and returning the resulting value from ResponseStateManager.getViewState(javax.faces.context.FacesContext, Object).

Parameters:
context - FacesContext for the current request
Since:
2.0


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