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Oracle Asset Tracking User's Guide
Release 12.1
Part Number E13672-05
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Understanding the Fixed Asset Architecture

This chapter covers the following topics:

Overview of Fixed Asset Architecture

This topic provides an understanding of the interaction between Oracle Asset Tracking and Oracle Assets.

About Asset Processing in Oracle Asset Tracking

Oracle Asset Tracking can interface assets directly to Oracle Assets by using concurrent programs. After an asset is created, any physical movement to the associated item automatically updates the financial records based on the synchronization flag set for the instance. This reduces the amount of manual intervention required to maintain your financial system.

For example, when a depreciable item is received, run the Create Assets: Interface Inventory Transactions to Fixed Asset program to create an asset. Now the asset is linked with the item. Suppose an item is moved to a different organization. Oracle Asset Tracking checks for necessary changes for asset location, and asset category if applicable. Accordingly, Oracle Asset Tracking makes the necessary changes to the asset, which may involve retiring an existing asset and creating a new asset in the new organization.

Oracle Asset Tracking also maintains the history of all the transactions performed. This gives you total visibility of all items and their related assets.

When Oracle Asset Tracking creates a transaction that has a financial, asset-related impact, the transaction is stored in a transaction table with an Oracle Install Base status of Pending. Later, a concurrent program reads the transaction log and processes all the transactions in sequence. The Oracle Asset Tracking concurrent program processes each transaction in the transaction table one by one. The program determines the appropriate asset record if applicable, inserts a record into the fixed asset interface table, and then changes the Oracle Install Base status to Complete. If any of these processes fails, then the status remains at the pending stage.

A user can review the asset records in the asset interface table if necessary before posting them to the asset book. For more information, refer to the section on reviewing mass additions lines in the Oracle Assets User Guide. A tieback from Oracle Assets returns the asset ID to the Oracle Asset Tracking business logic or client extension and updates the Oracle Install Base Instance-Asset assignment table.

About Asset-Related Processes in Oracle Asset Tracking

The following table shows the concurrent programs and request sets in Oracle Asset Tracking that interface with Oracle Assets to make the asset-related changes in Oracle Assets.

Processes to Create and Update Oracle Assets
Name of the Program or Report Description
Create Assets: Interface Inventory transactions to Fixed Asset This is a concurrent program with the following features:
  • Creates an asset or cost adjustment when a depreciable item is received either in Oracle Inventory or Oracle Projects

  • Creates an asset or cost adjustment when a normal item is issued to a field location directly without using projects

Create Asset Headers in Oracle Projects - Normal Items Program

Note: This program was formerly called Asset Header for Normal Item Report.

This concurrent program creates an asset header for capitalized project expenditures. Asset creation is based on item, serial (if serialized item), asset category, date placed into service, and product classification.
Interface In-Service Transactions to Oracle Projects - Normal Items This concurrent program should be run after deployment transactions on a project instance. It writes records into the PA interface table PA_TRANSACTIONS_INTERFACE_ALL and changes the status of the In Service transactions to Interfaced to PA
Interface Move Transactions to Oracle Assets

Note: This program was formerly called Interface Move and Misc Transactions to Fixed Assets - Report

This concurrent program processes any item moves like subinventory transfer, inter-organization transfer, miscellaneous issues, and physical inventory adjustments for which an asset already exists.
Interface Unit Adjustments to Oracle Assets - Normal Items When Oracle Purchasing receives a normal/non-serialized item into a project, a fixed asset is created. When another receipt happens for the same item into the same project this concurrent program ensures the receipt is in sync for both value and quantity. Oracle Asset Tracking and Oracle Projects adjust the existing fixed asset only when the second receipt happens within the same fixed asset accounting period of the first receipt.

The topics in this section are the following:

Running the Create Assets Interface Inventory Transactions to Fixed Asset Program

The Create Assets: Interface Inventory Transactions to Fixed Asset concurrent program processes the following transactions to create an asset for a depreciable item.

Transactions for the Create Assets Program
Install Base Transaction Source Description Install Base Transaction Status Meaning
PO_RECEIPT_INTO_INVENTORY Receipt of depreciable item into Inventory PENDING Needs further fixed asset/project accounting processing
PO_RECEIPT_INTO_PROJECT Receipt of depreciable item into Projects PENDING Needs further fixed asset/project accounting processing
Miscellaneous/Move Order Issue to an HZ Location Miscellaneous/move order issue to an HZ location PENDING Needs further fixed asset/project accounting processing

Perform the following steps after receipt of a depreciable item to create an asset:

To run the Create Assets Interface Inventory Transactions to Fixed Asset Program

  1. Run the Create Assets: Interface Inventory Transactions to Fixed Asset from Oracle Asset Tracking.

    Note: Before running this program verify that the subledger accounting program has been run for the transactions.

  2. Run Post Mass Additions from Oracle Assets.

Running the Create Asset Headers in Oracle Projects - Normal Items Program

The Create Asset Headers in Oracle Projects - Normal Items concurrent program processes the following transactions to create an asset for normal items put in service.

Transactions for the Create Asset Headers in Oracle Projects - Normal Items Program
Install Base Transaction Source Description Install Base Transaction Status Meaning
PROJECT_ITEM_IN_SERVICE Item put in service INTERFACE_TO_PA Needs further fixed asset/project accounting processing.

Prerequisite

Perform the following steps to create assets for a normal item that has expenditures imported into projects and has been installed and put into service:

To run the Create Asset Headers in Oracle Projects - Normal Items program

  1. Run the concurrent program Interface In-Service Transactions to Oracle Projects - Normal Items.

  2. Run the concurrent program PRC: Transaction Import to reverse already created expenditures and create new ones with attributes captured from deployment.

  3. Run the concurrent program Create Asset Headers in Oracle Projects - Normal Items.

  4. Run the concurrent program PRC: Generate Asset Lines for a Single Project from Oracle Projects.

  5. Run the concurrent program PRC: Interface Asset to Oracle Assets from Oracle Projects.

  6. Run the concurrent request set Post Mass Additions from Oracle Assets.

Running the Interface Move Transactions to Oracle Assets Program

The Interface Move Transactions to Oracle Assets concurrent program is generally run after an asset has been created and is used to update the asset-related information associated with Oracle Asset Tracking.

If the program is run, and any assets that it expects to update have not yet been created, then the update transaction information is help pending, so that it can be processed later, after the necessary asset creation program or request set has been run.

The Interface Move Transactions to Oracle Assets concurrent program processes the following transactions for each asset associated with the item instance that is transacted.

Transactions Processed by the Interface Move Transactions to Oracle Assets Program
Install Base Transaction Source Description Install Base Transaction Status Meaning
MISC_ISSUE Miscellaneous issue of item out of inventory PENDING Needs further fixed asset/project accounting processing
PROJECT_ITEM_UNSTALLED Item is Un-installed from the project PENDING Needs further fixed asset/project accounting processing
MISC_RECEIPT_FROM_PROJECT Item is moved from Projects into Inventory PENDING Needs further fixed asset/project accounting processing
SUBINVENTORY_TRANSFER Transfer of an item within the organization from one subinventory to another PENDING Needs further fixed asset/project accounting processing
INTERORG_TRANSFER Transfer of an item from one organization to the other PENDING Needs further fixed asset/project accounting processing
MOVE_ORDER_ISSUE_TO_PROJECT Item issued to the project PENDING Needs further fixed asset/project accounting processing
PROJECT_ITEM_INSTALLED Equipment Installed PENDING Needs further fixed asset/project accounting processing
PROJECT_ITEM_IN_SERVICE Equipment In-service PENDING Needs further fixed asset/project accounting processing
IN_SERVICE Asset is put in service PENDING Needs further fixed asset/project accounting processing
PHYSICAL_INVENTORY_CYCLE_COUNT Asset adjustment when the item is adjusted in inventory in physical count PENDING Needs further fixed asset/project accounting processing
ISO_SHIPMENT Item is shipped through internal order shipment PENDING Needs further fixed asset processing
OM_SHIPMENT Item is shipped through order management shipment PENDING Needs further fixed asset processing
RMA_RECEIPT Item is returned using order management PENDING Needs further fixed asset processing

Prerequisites

Generally, you must have run one of two concurrent processes depending on depreciable or normal item.

To run the Interface Move Transactions to Oracle Assets program

  1. Run the concurrent program Interface Move Transactions to Oracle Assets from Oracle Asset Tracking.

  2. Run Post Mass Additions from Oracle Assets.

About Asset Impact of a Miscellaneous Issue

For serialized items, when an item is issued out of inventory, the associated asset units and cost are both set to zero.

For non-serialized items, when an item is issued out of inventory, the associated asset units and cost are both reduced by the equivalent values in the transaction. Oracle Asset Tracking retires a field asset while processing a Miscellaneous Issue transaction.

About Asset Impact of Subinventory Transfers

When an item is transferred from one subinventory to another, the program changes fixed asset location which, in turn, changes the fixed asset distributions. The asset, however, remains the same.

In a situation where there exists more than one source record, the First-in-first-out method is adapted. If more than one destination asset record exists, then the asset period is matched to adjust the asset. When searching for the existing asset in the system, the program always looks to see if there exists a similar record under process. If it finds an exact match, then the record is skipped.

In a business rule dictates a change in location with a change in category, then you must modify the client extension. In that case, a new set asset is created for a serialized item. The original asset cost is updated to zero, and you have to retire the asset manually. Similar unit and cost adjustments are done in source and destination assets in the case of non-serialized items.

About Asset Impact of Inter-Organizational Transfers

When an item is transferred from one organization to another, the program changes fixed asset location which, in turn, changes the fixed asset distributions. The asset, however, remains the same. The transactions include IN_SERVICE, MISC_RECEIPT_FROM_PROJECT, PROJECT_ITEM_IN_SERVICE, and ISO_SHIPMENT.

In a situation where more than one source record exists, the first-in-first-out method is adapted. If more than one destination asset record exists, then asset year is matched to adjust the asset. When searching for the existing asset in the system, the program always determines if a similar record exists under process. If it finds an exact match, then the record is skipped.

If your business rule dictates a change in location for a change in category, then you must modify the client extension. In that case, a new asset is created for a serialized item. The original asset cost is updated to zero, and you must retire the asset manually. Similar unit and cost adjustments are done in source and destination assets in the case of non-serialized items.

About Asset Impact of Physical Inventory and Cycle Count Adjustments

Depending upon the physical adjustment, a Physical Inventory and Cycle Count Adjustments transaction is treated the same as Miscellaneous Issue or Miscellaneous Receipt. For example, if an item quantity increases after a physical count, then a Miscellaneous Receipt transaction is performed, and the asset is adjusted or created accordingly.

After a Physical Inventory and Cycle Count Adjustments transaction, run the concurrent program Create Assets: Interface Inventory transactions to Fixed Asset and Interface Move Transactions to Fixed Assets - Report program. Finally, run the Post Mass Addition request set from Oracle Assets to complete the asset information update.

Case Study

The case study scenario consists of a number of item transactions, followed by the processing used to create and update the assets associated with the items.

Case Study Item Transaction Details

The following table describes the item transactions for this case study.

Case Study Item Transaction Details
Transaction Type Transaction ID Quantity Details
Receipt of Depreciable item D1 1 100 Item D1 in Organization A
Receipt of Normal item N1 2 100 Item N1 in Organization B
Inter-Organization Move 3 25 Item D1 from Org A to Org C
Receipt of Depreciable item D2 4 20 Item D2 in Organization A
Move Order Issue to Project 5 25 Item N1 from Organization B to Project P1
Equipment installed 6 15 Item N1 from Project P1 installed in field location F1
Equipment put in service 7 5 Item N1 put in service in field location F1
Equipment taken out of service 8 1 Item N1 taken out of service at field location F1
Item Move 9 1 Item N1 from field location F1 to field location F2
Equipment put back in service 10 1 Item N1 put in service in field location F2

The following shows the case study transactions related to the item organizations, project, and locations.

Case Study Transactions

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Asset Processing Options

Oracle Asset Tracking processes three types of asset transaction, using the following processing units:

Case Study Asset Processing

  1. Run the Create Assets: Interface Inventory Transactions to Oracle Assets concurrent program. This selects transactions 1 and 4. It checks if assets already exist for items D1 and D2. If assets already exist for items D1 and D2, then the program performs unit and cost adjustments to the existing assets. Otherwise it creates new assets.

  2. Now, if you run the program Interface Move Transaction to Fixed Assets - Report, then only transaction 3 is selected and will be processed to make asset updates, assuming that an asset had been previously successfully created for item D1.

    Although transaction 10 is also an asset move, it is not selected this time. This is because Item N1 has not yet become an asset (you cannot create assets from normal items unless the items are issued to a project and put into service; or you can do a miscellaneous issue to HZ location).

  3. Run the concurrent programs available for creating assets for normal items. At this point, transaction 7 is selected and the asset header will be created. This will become an asset after running CRL programs for asset creation.

  4. Transaction 10, where the normal item N1 was put back in service in location F2, will be selected and processed only when you run the Interface Move Transactions to Fixed Assets Report program subsequently.

To ensure the proper order of the transactions, the program skips all the failed transaction records and their subsequent dependent transaction records.

For example, in the case study, assume that for some reason an asset was not created for item D1 in transaction 1 when the Depreciable Items - Asset Creation concurrent program was run.

Transaction 3 depends on transaction 1. If transaction 1 fails to create an asset, then transaction 3 will not be processed by the program Interface Move Transaction to Fixed Assets - Report.

Transaction 3 will be processed only when you perform the following processing sequence:

  1. Run the Depreciable Items - Asset Creation program, and check that you have successfully created an asset for the parent transaction 1.

  2. Run the Interface Move Transaction to Fixed Assets - Report program.

Understanding the CLEI

The Common Language Equipment Identifier (CLEI) is a vendor-specific, 10-character code. It is a standard used by the telecommunications industry for identifying and describing equipment. Because Oracle Asset Tracking captures the CLEI code in the lot field, items that have a CLEI code must be set to full lot control. If an item has no CLEI code, then it does not need lot control.

The supplier usually provides CLEI codes for the items that you purchase. When performing transactions, you can select CLEI codes from a list of values or you can enter new CLEI values directly into the Lot field.

Overview of Retirements

The process that Oracle Asset Tracking uses to retire and reinstate assets is the same as the process used in Oracle Assets. You can retire or reinstate partial or whole assets.

Before you retire an asset, you must first take it out of service. If an asset is retired, then Oracle Asset Tracking updates the status of the Instance-Asset link to Retired.

An asset must have a status of retired before it can be reinstated. An asset reinstatement reverses the operation of the Oracle Asset Tracking retirement logic. For the reinstatement, Oracle Asset Tracking updates the status of the Instance-Asset link to In Service.

Associating a Fixed Asset to an Item Instance

Use this procedure to associate an item instance to a fixed asset.

To associate a fixed asset to an item

  1. From the Asset Tracking Super User responsibility, navigate to Assets and then select Fixed Assets.

  2. Query an asset from Search page.

  3. Select an asset from the query results.

  4. From the Add Item Instances list, choose Select from Existing.

    Note: You can also create a new item instance or copy from an existing item instance, by selecting Create or Copy respectively.

  5. Click Go.

    The Search page appears.

  6. Query the item instance that you would like to associate to the fixed asset.

  7. Click Associate With Asset.

    A confirmation message appears indicating that item instances have been added to the fixed asset successfully.

    Note: You can also add an asset to an item instance from the Item Instance page by clicking the Add Assets button, which allows you to search for fixed assets to associate to the item instance.

    You can specify whether the item instance should be fully synchronized to the fixed asset by selecting the Enable Auto Update flag. When this flag is set, an item instance transaction creates an automatic update to the fixed asset. Otherwise, the fixed asset is not automatically updated.

Viewing Asset Relationships Graphically

Use this procedure to view asset relationships graphically.

  1. From the Asset Tracking Super User responsibility, navigate to Assets, and then select Item Instances.

  2. Query an asset from Search page.

  3. Select an asset from the query results.

  4. Click the View Relationship Graphically link in the Other Item Instance Details grid.

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  5. The Viewer opens, displaying the asset relationship in a graphical format:

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    Click any of the options on the right to change the graphic:

Adding Child Assets

You can also add child assets to the graphic:

  1. Click the Item Instance link at the top of the viewer page.

  2. Click the Return to Instance Search link at the bottom of the View Item Instance page.

  3. Click the Asset Update button for the item to which you want to add assets.

    If necessary, requery your results to select a different item.

  4. Click the Add Assets button.

    The Search Assets page appears.

  5. Search and select the assets that you want to add.

  6. Enter the quantity of the asset to be added.

  7. Click the Apply button.

Related Topics

Viewing Item Instance and Asset Network Relationships, Oracle Installed Base User Guide