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Solaris 64-bit Developer's Guide
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Document Information


1.  64-bit Computing

2.  When to Use 64-bit

3.  Comparing 32-bit Interfaces and 64-bit Interfaces

4.  Converting Applications

5.  The Development Environment

6.  Advanced Topics

SPARC V9 ABI Features

Stack Bias

Address Space Layout of the SPARC V9 ABI

Placement of Text and Data of the SPARC V9 ABI

Code Models of the SPARC V9 ABI

AMD64 ABI Features

Address Space Layout for amd64 Applications

Alignment Issues

Interprocess Communication

ELF and System Generation Tools

/proc Interface

Extensions to sysinfo(2)

libkvm and /dev/ksyms

libkstat Kernel Statistics

Changes to stdio

Performance Issues

64-bit Application Advantages

64-bit Application Disadvantages

System Call Issues

What Does EOVERFLOW Mean?

Beware ioctl()

A.  Changes in Derived Types

B.  Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)


Changes to stdio

In the 64–bit environment, the stdio facility has been extended to allow more than 256 streams to be open simultaneously. The 32–bit stdio facility continues to have a 256 streams limit.

64-bit applications should not rely on having access to the members of the FILE data structure. Attempts to access private implementation-specific structure members directly can result in compilation errors. Existing 32-bit applications are unaffected by this change, but any direct usage of these structure members should be removed from all code.

The FILE structure has a long history, and a few applications have looked inside the structure to glean additional information about the state of the stream. Because the 64–bit version of the structure is now opaque, a new family of routines has been added to both 32-bit libc and 64-bit libc to allow the same state to be examined without depending on implementation internals. See, for example, __fbufsize(3C).