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Sun Fire X4800 Server Product Documentation     Sun Fire X4800 Server Documentation
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Document Information

Using This Documentation

Product Information Web Site

Documentation and Feedback

About This Documentation (PDF and HTML)

Contributors

Change History

Hardware Installation and Product Notes

Hardware Installation

Installation Overview

Front and Back Features and Components

Unpacking the Server and Identifying the Rack Mounting Hardware

Installing the Server In the Rack Using the Standard Rack Mounting Kit

Installing the Server In the Rack Using the Universal Rack Mounting Kit

Removing the Server From the Rack

Cabling and Power

Getting Service for Your Server

Managing Your Server

Setting Up the Preinstalled Solaris Operating System

Communicating With the ILOM and the System Console

I/O and Interrupt Resource Allocation

Sun Fire X4800 Server Specifications

Product Notes

Overview of the Sun Fire X4800 Server Product Notes

Supported Software and Firmware

Hardware Issues

Oracle Solaris 10 Operating System Issues

Linux Issues

Oracle VM Issues

Windows Operating System Issues

ESX Issues

Oracle ILOM Issues

Oracle Hardware Installation Assistant Issues

BIOS Issues

Operating System Installation

Oracle Solaris Operating System

Introduction to Oracle Solaris OS Installation

Preliminary Tasks Before Installing An OS

Creating a Virtual Disk

Solaris OS Installation Tasks

Linux

Introduction to Linux Installation

Oracle Hardware Installation Assistant

Oracle Hardware Installation Assistant Task Overview

Obtaining Oracle Hardware Installation Assistant

Preliminary Tasks Before Installing An OS

How to Erase Your Boot Hard Disk

Creating a Virtual Disk

How to Create a Virtual Disk

How to Set the Boot Drive

Selecting a Media Delivery Method

Local Installation By Accessing the Console Using the Serial or Video Port

How to Configure the Serial Port

Remote Installation By Accessing the Console Using ILOM

How to Access the Server Console Using the Server's ILOM Web Interface

How to Access the Server Console Using the Server's ILOM CLI Interface

Installing Oracle Linux

Installing Oracle Linux from Distribution Media

How to Download Oracle Linux Media

How to Install Oracle Linux From Distribution Media

Updating Oracle Linux

How to Update the Oracle Linux Operating System

Installing Red Hat Enterprise Linux

Installing RHEL From Distribution Media

How to Download RHEL Media Kits

How to Install RHEL From Distribution Media

Updating RHEL

How to Update the RHEL Operating System

How to Update the RHEL Drivers

Installing SUSE Linux Enterprise Server

Installing SLES From Distribution Media

How to Download SLES Media Kits

How to Install SLES From Distribution Media

Updating SLES

How to Update the SLES Operating System

How to Update the SLES Drivers

Configuring a Linux Server to Support PXE Installation

Overview of PXE

How to Install and Configure a DHCP Server for PXE

How to Install Portmap on Your PXE Server

How to Configure the TFTP Service on Your PXE Server

How to Configure PXELINUX on Your PXE Server

How to Configure the NFS Service on Your PXE Server

Disabling the Firewall

How to Disable the Firewall for SUSE Linux

How to Disable the Firewall for Oracle or Red Hat Enterprise Linux

How to Create a PXE Installation Image for Oracle Linux

How to Create a PXE Installation Image for RHEL

How to Create a PXE Installation Image for SLES

How to Create a PXE Installation Image for Oracle VM

How to Install Linux From a PXE Server

Identifying Logical and Physical Network Interface Names for Linux OS Configuration

How to Identify Installed Network Ports

How to Identify Logical and Physical Network Interface Names While Installing Oracle Linux or RHEL

How to Identify Logical and Physical Network Interface Names While Installing SLES

Windows

Introduction to Windows Installation

Windows Installation Task Overview

Getting Started With the Windows Server 2008 Installation

Selecting a Media Delivery Method

Oracle Hardware Installation Assistant

Downloading Server Software

Configuring a Remote Console

Creating a Virtual Disk

Installing Windows Server 2008

Updating Critical Drivers and Installing Supplemental Software

Incorporating Device Drivers into WIM Images for WDS

Identifying Network Interfaces in Windows

Oracle VM

Introduction to Oracle VM Installation

Preliminary Tasks Before Installing an OS

Installing Oracle VM

ESX

Installing VMware ESX 4

Installing VMware ESXi 4.0 Installable

Booting From OS Distribution Media

Administration, Diagnostics, and Service

ILOM Supplement

Overview of the ILOM Supplement

Introduction to Oracle ILOM Software

How to Access the Console

Updating Firmware

Indicators, Sensors, and Traps

Diagnostics Guide

Overview of the Diagnostics Guide

Introduction to System Diagnostics

Troubleshooting the Server

Troubleshooting DIMM Problems

BIOS POST

Using the ILOM to Monitor the Host

Creating a Data Collector Snapshot

Using SunVTS Diagnostics Software

Performing Pc-Check Diagnostic Tests

Service Manual

Sun Fire X4800 Server Service Manual Overview

Server and Component Overview

Power and Reset

Removing and Installing Components

Sun Fire X4800 Server Service Procedures, and Information

Sun Fire X4800 Server Specifications

Index

How to Create a PXE Installation Image for Oracle Linux

This procedure creates a supported Oracle Linux OS installation image on the PXE server. The PXE server allows the target server to do a network boot and install the operating system files over the network.

Before You Begin

The PXE installation procedure requires the following items:

  1. Set up the directory structure that will hold the Linux OS software. For example:
    # mkdir -p /home/pxeboot/oel5.5as_64/

    Note - The examples in this procedure use Oracle Linux 5.5 and the image source directory /home/pxeboot/oel5.5as64 as an example. You can also choose to use a different source directory structure.


  2. Enter the following commands to copy the contents of each Linux OS distribution CD to the appropriate PXE subdirectory. For example:

    Note - Eject and insert CDs only when the CD/DVD drive is unmounted.


    # mount dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom
    # cp -r /mnt/cdrom/* /home/pxeboot/oel5.5as_64/
    # umount /mnt/cdrom

    If you are installing from a DVD, you only have to do this once. When the copy is done, proceed to the next step.

  3. Copy the vmlinuz and initrd.img files to the appropriate PXE subdirectory. For example:

    # cp /home/pxeboot/oel5.5as_64/images/pxeboot/vmlinuz /home/pxeboot/oel5.5as_64

    # cp /home/pxeboot/oel5.5as_64/images/pxeboot/initrd.img /home/pxeboot/oel5.5as_64

  4. Using a text editor, create a kickstart file (ks.cfg) in the following location on your PXE server:

    /home/pxeboot/oel5.5as_64/ks.cfg

  5. Add the necessary kickstart commands.

    If you are creating a Oracle Linux image, for example, copy and insert the following content:

    lang en_US
    keyboard us
    timezone --utc America/Los_Angeles
    rootpw xxxx
    reboot
    bootloader --location=mbr
    install
    nfs --server n.n.n.n --dir /home/pxeboot/oel5.4as_64
    clearpart --all
    part /boot --fstype ext3 --size 512 --ondisk sda
    part  swap --size 65536 --ondisk sda
    part / --fstype ext3 --size 1 --grow --ondisk sda
    network --bootproto dhcp
    auth  --useshadow  --enablemd5
    firewall --disabled
    #Do not configure the X Window System
    skipx
    text
    
    %packages
    @Everything
    
    %pre
    
    %post --nochroot

    where n.n.n.n is the IP address of your PXE server. Ensure that the location indicated after --dir is pointing to the top level of your image.

  6. Save the kickstart file.
  7. Using a text editor, create the PXE configuration file (to be named default).

    This file defines the menu shown to the target host during network boot. The following is an example of what should be in the file for a Oracle Linux 5.5 menu label:


    Note - Type the text block from append through ks.cfg as one continuous string with no returns.


    default oel5.5as_64
    label oel5.5as_64
    kernel oel5.5as_64/vmlinuz
    append ksdevice=eth0 console=tty0 load_ramdisk=1 initrd=oel5.5as_64/initrd.img 
    network ks=nfs:n.n.n.n :/home/pxeboot/oel5.5as_64/ks.cfg

    where n.n.n.n is the IP address of your PXE server.


    Note - For console-based installations, add console=ttyS0,9600 to the append line.


  8. Save the file as default in the pxelinux.cfg directory on the PXE server. For example:

    /home/pxeboot/pxelinux.cfg/default