A cluster can optionally have one master broker, which maintains a configuration change record to keep track of any changes in the cluster’s persistent state. The master broker is identified by the imq.cluster.masterbroker configuration property, either in the cluster configuration file or in the instance configuration files of the individual brokers.
The configuration change record contains information about changes in the persistent entities associated with the cluster, such as durable subscriptions and administrator-created physical destinations. All brokers in the cluster consult the master broker during startup in order to update their information about these persistent entities. Failure of the master broker makes such synchronization impossible; see When a Master Broker Is Unavailable for more information.
Because of the important information that the configuration change record contains, it is important to back it up regularly so that it can be restored in case of failure. Although restoring from a backup will lose any changes in the cluster’s persistent state that have occurred since the backup was made, frequent backups can minimize this potential loss of information. The backup and restore operations also have the positive effect of compressing and optimizing the change history contained in the configuration change record, which can grow significantly over time.
imqbrokerd -backup mybackuplog
Shut down all brokers in the cluster.
Restore the master broker’s configuration change record from the backup file with the command
If you assign a new name or port number to the master broker, update the imq.cluster.brokerlist and imq.cluster.masterbroker properties accordingly in the cluster configuration file.
Restart all brokers in the cluster.
Because all brokers in a cluster need the master broker in order to perform persistent operations, the following imqcmd subcommands for any broker in the cluster will return an error when no master broker is available:
Auto-created physical destinations and temporary destinations are unaffected.
In the absence of a master broker, any client application attempting to create a durable subscriber or unsubscribe from a durable subscription will get an error. However, a client can successfully specify and interact with an existing durable subscription.