OpenWindows Advanced User's Guide

About This Book

Who Should Read This Book

This book is aimed at users of the SolarisTM System Software (version 2.x). The Solaris System Software consists of SunOSTM and OpenWindowsTM.

See Appendix B, Making the Transition to Solaris 2.5 if you are transitioning from Solaris 1.x to Solaris 2.x.

Before Reading This Book

Your system should be installed and ready for use. If it is not, see the installation manual specific to your system before continuing.

Additional Reading

The Solaris System Software AnswerBook provides access to a number of books about the Solaris software, which are organized into the following related sets:

Ordering Sun Documents, an Internet professional bookstore, stocks select product documentation from Sun Microsystems, Inc.

For a list of documents and how to order them, visit the Sun Documentation Center on at

Accessing Sun Documentation Online

The docs.sun.comSM Web site enables you to access Sun technical documentation online. You can browse the archive or search for a specific book title or subject. The URL is

What Typographic Conventions Mean

The following table describes the typographic changes used in this book.

Table P-1 Typographic Conventions

Typeface or Symbol 




 The names of commands, files, and directories; on-screen computer output

Edit your .login file.

Use ls -a to list all files.

machine_name% you have mail.


 What you type, contrasted with on-screen computer outputmachine_name% su Password:


 Command-line placeholder: replace with a real name or value

To delete a file, type rm filename.


Book titles, new words, or terms, or words to be emphasized. 

Read Chapter 6 in User's Guide.

These are called class options.

You must be root to do this.

Shell Prompts in Command Examples

The following table shows the default system prompt and superuser prompt for the C shell, Bourne shell, and Korn shell.

Table P-2 Shell Prompts



 C shell promptmachine_name%
 C shell superuser promptmachine_name#
 Bourne shell and Korn shell prompt$
 Bourne shell and Korn shell superuser prompt#