By default, Message Queue uses a file-based persistent data store, in which individual files store persistent data such as messages, destinations, durable subscriptions, and transactions. Broker configuration properties related to file-based persistence are listed under File-Based Persistence.
The file-based store is located in a directory identified by the name of the broker instance (instanceName) to which the data store belongs:
(See Appendix A, Platform-Specific Locations of Message QueueTM Data for the location of the instances directory.) Each destination on the broker has its own subdirectory holding messages delivered to that destination.
Because the persistent data store can contain messages of a sensitive or proprietary nature, you should secure the …/instances/ instanceName/fs350/ directory against unauthorized access; see Securing Persistent Data.
All persistent data other than messages is stored in separate files: one file for destinations, one for durable subscriptions, and one for transaction state information. Most messages are stored in a single file consisting of variable-sized records. You can compact this file to alleviate fragmentation as messages are added and removed (see Compacting Physical Destinations). In addition, messages above a certain threshold size are stored in their own individual files rather than in the variable-sized record file. You can configure this threshold size with the broker property imq.persist.file.message.max_record_size.
The broker maintains a file pool for these individual message files: instead of being deleted when it is no longer needed, a file is returned to the pool of free files in its destination directory so that it can later be reused for another message. The broker property imq.persist.file.destination.message.filepool.limit specifies the maximum number of files in the pool. When the number of individual message files for a destination exceeds this limit, files will be deleted when no longer needed instead of being returned to the pool.
When returning a file to the file pool, the broker can save time at the expense of storage space by simply tagging the file as available for reuse without deleting its previous contents. You can use the imq.persist.file.message.filepool.cleanratio broker property to specify the percentage of files in each destination’s file pool that should be maintained in a “clean” (empty) state rather than simply marked for reuse. The higher you set this value, the less space will be required for the file pool, but the more overhead will be needed to empty the contents of files when they are returned to the pool. If the broker’s imq.persist.file.message.cleanup property is true, all files in the pool will be emptied at broker shutdown, leaving them in a clean state; this conserves storage space but slows down the shutdown process.
In writing data to the persistent store, the operating system has some leeway in whether to write the data synchronously or “lazily” (asynchronously). Lazy storage can lead to data loss in the event of a system crash, if the broker believes the data to have been written to persistent storage when it has not. To ensure absolute reliability (at the expense of performance), you can require that all data be written synchronously by setting the broker property imq.persist.file.sync.enabled to true. In this case, the data is guaranteed to be available when the system comes back up after a crash, and the broker can reliably resume operation. Note, however, that although the data is not lost, it is not available to any other broker in a cluster, since clustered brokers do not currently share data.