Instead of using file-based persistence, you can set up a broker to access any data store accessible through a JDBC-compliant driver. This involves setting the appropriate JDBC-related broker configuration properties and using the Database Manager utility (imqdbmgr) to create a database with the proper schema. See Configuring a JDBC-Based Store for specifics.
The properties for configuring a broker to use a JDBC database are listed under JDBC-Based Persistence. You can specify these properties either in the instance configuration file (config.properties ) of each broker instance or by using the -D command line option to the Broker utility (imqbrokerd) or the Database Manager utility (imqdbmgr).
The imq.persist.jdbc.driver property gives the Java class name of the JDBC driver to use in connecting to the database. There are also properties specifying the URLs for connecting to an existing database (imq.persist.jdbc.opendburl), creating a new database (imq.persist.jdbc.createdburl), and closing a database connection (imq.persist.jdbc.closedburl).
The imq.persist.jdbc.user and imq.persist.jdbc.password properties give the user name and password for accessing the database; imq.persist.jdbc.needpassword is a boolean flag specifying whether a password is needed. For security reasons, the password should be specified only in a password file designated via the -passfile command line option; if no such password file is specified, the imqbrokerd and imqdbmgr commands will prompt for the password interactively. Similarly, the user name can be supplied from the command line using the -dbuser option to the imqbrokerd command or the -u option to imqdbmgr.
In a JDBC database shared by multiple broker instances, the configuration property imq.persist.jdbc.brokerid specifies a unique instance identifier for each, to be appended to the names of database tables. (This is usually unnecessary for an embedded database, which stores data for only one broker instance.) The remaining JDBC-related configuration properties are used to customize the SQL code that creates the database schema, one property for each database table. For instance, the imq.persist.jdbc.table.IMQSV35 property gives the SQL command for creating the version table, imq.persist.jdbc.table.IMQCCREC35 for the configuration change record table, imq.persist.jdbc.table.IMQDEST35 for the destination table, and so on; see Table 14–6 for the complete list.
Because database systems vary in the exact SQL syntax required, be sure to check the documentation from your database vendor for details.