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iPlanet Directory Server Configuration, Command, and File Reference

Chapter 1   Introduction

This chapter provides a brief overview of the configuration and administration utilities provided to manage the iPlanet Directory Server.

This chapter is divided into the following sections:

Overview of Directory Server Management

iPlanet Directory Server is based on an open-systems server protocol called the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP). The Directory Server is a robust, scalable server designed to manage large scale directories to support enterprise-wide directories of users and resources, extranets, and e-commerce applications over the Internet. The Directory Server runs as the ns-slapd process or service (slapd on Windows NT) on your machine. The server manages the directory databases and responds to client requests.

You can perform most Directory Server administrative tasks through iPlanet Console, the graphical user interface provided with the iPlanet Directory Server. For information on the general use of the iPlanet Console, see Managing Servers with iPlanet Console, and for details of how to use the console to manage the Directory Server in particular, see iPlanet Directory Server Administrator's Guide.

This reference manual deals with the other methods of managing the Directory Server, namely altering the server configuration attributes via the command line and using the command-line utilities.

Directory Server Configuration

The format and method for storing configuration information for iPlanet Directory Server 5.1 mark a significant change from previous versions of the Directory Server. A full explanation of these changes and a listing for all server attributes can be found in Chapter 2 "Core Server Configuration Reference" and Chapter 3 "Plug-in Implemented Server Functionality Reference".

Directory Server Instance File Reference

Having an overview of the files and configuration information stored in each instance of Directory Server is useful, as this helps administrators understand the changes or absence of changes in the course of directory activity. From a security standpoint, such an overview can help customers detect errors and intrusion as they know what kind of changes to expect and what will be considered abnormal behavior. See Chapter 4 "Server Instance File Reference" for further information.

Migrating Directory Server

In earlier versions of the Directory Server, all configuration parameters were stored in text files. However, in iPlanet Directory Server 5.1, configuration attributes are now stored as LDAP configuration entries in the dse.ldif file. The mapping of configuration parameters in Directory Server 4.1, 4.11, and 4.12 to the corresponding configuration entries and attributes in iPlanet Directory Server 5.1 is described in Chapter 6 "Migration from Earlier Versions".

Using Directory Server Command-Line Utilities

Directory Server comes with a set of configurable command-line utilities that you can use to search and modify entries in the directory and administer the server. Chapter 7 "Command-Line Utilities"describes these command-line utilities and contains information on where the utilities are stored and how to access them. In addition to these command-line utilities, Directory Server also provides ns-slapd and slapd.exe command-line utilities for performing directory operations as described in Appendix A "Using the ns-slapd and slapd.exe Command-Line Utilities".

Using Directory Server Command-Line Scripts

In addition to command-line utilities, several non-configurable scripts are provided with the Directory Server that make it quick and easy to perform routine server administration tasks from the command line. Chapter 8 "Command-Line Scripts" lists the most frequently used scripts and contains information on where the scripts are stored and how to access them.

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Last Updated October 29, 2001