Solaris 9 Installation Guide

To Create a Boot Environment for the First Time (Command-Line Interface)

The lucreate command that is used with the -m option specifies which file systems and the number of file systems to be created in the new boot environment. You must specify the exact number of file systems you want to create by repeating this option. For example, a single use of the -m option specifies where to put all the file systems. You merge all the file systems from the original boot environment into the one file system specified by the -m option. If you specify the -m option twice, you create two file systems. When using the -m option to create file systems, follow these guidelines:

  1. Log in as superuser.

  2. To create the new boot environment, type:

    # lucreate [-A 'BE_description'] -c BE_name \
    -m mountpoint:device:fs_type [-m mountpoint:device:fs_type] -n BE_name

    -A 'BE_description'

    (Optional) Enables the creation of a boot environment description that is associated with the boot environment name (BE_name). The description can be any length and can contain any characters. 

    -c BE_name

    Assigns the name BE_name to the active boot environment. This option is required only when the first boot environment is created. If you run lucreate for the first time and you omit -c, you are prompted to name the active boot environment. If you use the -c option after the first boot environment creation, you receive an error message.

    -m mountpoint:device:fs_type [-m...]

    Specifies the file systems' configuration of the new boot environment. The file systems that are specified as arguments to -m can be on the same disk or they can be spread across multiple disks. Use this option as many times as needed to create the number of file systems that are needed.

    • mountpoint can be any valid mount point or (hyphen), indicating a swap partition.

    • device field can be one of the following:

      • The name of a disk device, of the form /dev/dsk/cnumdnumtnumsnum

      • The name of a Solaris Volume Manager metadevice, of the form /dev/md/dsk/dnum

      • The name of a Veritas Volume Manager volume, of the form /dev/vx/dsk/volume_name

      • The keyword merged, indicating that the file system at the specified mount point is to be merged with its parent

    • fs_type field can be one of the following:

      • ufs, which indicates a UFS file system.

      • vxfs, which indicates a Veritas file system.

      • swap, which indicates a swap file system. The swap mount point must be a (hyphen).

    -n BE_name

    The name of the boot environment to be created. BE_name must be unique on the system.

    Example 32–1 Creating a Boot Environment (Command Line)

    In this example, the active boot environment is named first_disk. The mount points for the file systems are noted by using the -m option. Two file systems are created, root (/) and /usr. The new boot environment is named second_disk. A description, Solaris 9 test Jan. 2001, is associated with the name second_disk. Swap, in the new boot environment second_disk, is automatically shared from the source, first_disk.

    # lucreate -A 'Solaris 9 test Jan 2001' -c first_disk 
    -m /:/dev/dsk/c0t4d0s0:ufs -m /usr:/dev/dsk/c0t4d0s3:ufs \
    -n second_disk

    When creation of the new boot environment is complete, it can be upgraded and can be activated (made bootable). See Chapter 33, Upgrading With Solaris Live Upgrade (Tasks).