The Message Queue Logger takes information generated by broker code, a debugger, and a metrics generator and writes that information to a number of output channels: to standard output (the console), to a log file, and, on Solaris platforms, to the syslog daemon process. You can specify the type of information gathered by the Logger as well as the type of information the Logger writes to each of the output channels. For example, you can specify that you want metrics information written out to a log file.
This section describes the configuration and use of the Logger for monitoring broker activity. It includes the following topics:
The imq.log.file.dirpath and imq.log.file.filename broker properties identify the log file to use and the imq.log.console.stream property specifies whether console output is directed to stdout or stderr.
The imq.log.level property controls the categories of metric information that the Logger gathers: ERROR, WARNING, or INFO. Each level includes those above it, so if you specify, for example, WARNING as the logging level, error messages will be logged as well.
The imq.log.console.output and imq.log.file.output properties control which of the specified categories the Logger writes to the console and the log file, respectively. In this case, however, the categories do not include those above them; so if you want, for instance, both errors and warnings written to the log file and informational messages to the console, you must explicitly set imq.log.file.output to ERROR|WARNING and imq.log.console.output to INFO.
In the case of a log file, you can specify the point at which the file is closed and output is rolled over to a new file. Once the log file reaches a specified size (imq.log.file.rolloverbytes) or age (imq.log.file.rolloversecs), it is saved and a new log file created.
See Monitoring Properties for additional broker properties related to logging and subsequent sections for details about how to configure the Logger and how to use it to obtain performance information.
A logged message consists of a time stamp, a message code, and the message itself. The volume of information included varies with the logging level you have set. The broker supports three logging levels: ERROR, WARNING , and INFO (see Table 13–2). Each level includes those above it (for example, WARNING includes ERROR).Table 13–2 Logging Levels
Serious problems that could cause system failure
Conditions that should be heeded but will not cause system failure
Metrics and other informational messages
The default logging level is INFO, so messages at all three levels are logged by default. The following is an example of an INFO message:
[13/Sep/2000:16:13:36 PDT] [B1004]: Starting the broker service using tcp [25374,100] with min threads 50 and max threads of 500
You can change the time zone used in the time stamp by setting the broker configuration property imq.log.timezone (see Table 17–11).
A broker is automatically configured to save log output to a set of rolling log files. The log files are located in a directory identified by the instance name of the associated broker (see Appendix A, Distribution-Specific Locations of Message Queue Data):
For a broker whose life cycle is controlled by the Application Server, the log files are located in a subdirectory of the domain directory for the domain for which the broker was started:
The log files are simple text files. The system maintains nine backup files named as follows, from earliest to latest:
log.txt log_1.txt log_2.txt … log_9.txt
By default, the log files are rolled over once a week. You can change this rollover interval, or the location or names of the log files, by setting appropriate configuration properties:
See Table 17–11 for further information on these properties.
Log-related properties are described in Table 17–11.
Set the logging level.
Set the output channel (file, console, or both) for one or more logging categories.
If you log output to a file, configure the rollover criteria for the file.
Options passed on the command line override properties specified in the broker instance configuration files. The following imqbrokerd options affect logging:
Logging interval for broker metrics, in seconds
Logging level (ERROR, WARNING, INFO, or NONE)
Silent mode (no logging to console)
Log all messages to console
The following sections describe how you can change the default configuration in order to do the following:
Change the output channel (the destination of log messages)
Change rollover criteria
By default, error and warning messages are displayed on the terminal as well as being logged to a log file. (On Solaris, error messages are also written to the system’s syslog daemon.)
You can change the output channel for log messages in the following ways:
To have all log categories (for a given level) output displayed on the screen, use the -tty option to the imqbrokerd command.
To prevent log output from being displayed on the screen, use the -silent option to the imqbrokerd command.
Use the imq.log.file.output property to specify which categories of logging information should be written to the log file. For example,
Use the imq.log.console.output property to specify which categories of logging information should be written to the console. For example,
Before changing Logger output channels, you must make sure that logging is set at a level that supports the information you are mapping to the output channel. For example, if you set the logging level to ERROR and then set the imq.log.console.output property to WARNING, no messages will be logged because you have not enabled the logging of WARNING messages.
To change the time interval, you need to change the property imq.log.file.rolloversecs. For example, the following property definition changes the time interval to ten days:
To change the rollover criteria to depend on file size, you need to set the imq.log.file.rolloverbytes property. For example, the following definition directs the broker to rollover files after they reach a limit of 500,000 bytes
If you set both the time-related and the size-related rollover properties, the first limit reached will trigger the rollover. As noted before, the broker maintains up to nine rollover files.
You can set or change the log file rollover properties when a broker is running. To set these properties, use the imqcmd update bkr command.
This section describes the procedure for using broker log files to report metrics information. For general information on configuring the Logger, see Configuring and Using Broker Logging.
Configure the broker’s metrics generation capability:
Generation of metrics for logging is turned on by default.
Set the metrics generation interval to a convenient number of seconds.
This value can be set in the config.properties file or using the -metrics interval command line option when starting up the broker.
Confirm that the Logger gathers metrics information:
This is the default value. This value can be set in the config.properties file or using the -loglevel level command line option when starting up the broker.
Confirm that the Logger is set to write metrics information to the log file:
This is the default value. It can be set in the config.properties file.
Start up the broker.
[21/Jul/2004:11:21:18 PDT] Connections: 0 JVM Heap: 8323072 bytes (7226576 free) Threads: 0 (14-1010) In: 0 msgs (0bytes) 0 pkts (0 bytes) Out: 0 msgs (0bytes) 0 pkts (0 bytes) Rate In: 0 msgs/sec (0 bytes/sec) 0 pkts/sec (0 bytes/sec) Rate Out: 0 msgs/sec (0 bytes/sec) 0 pkts/sec (0 bytes/sec)
For reference information about metrics data, see Chapter 21, Metrics Information Reference
You can monitor physical destinations by enabling dead message logging for a broker. You can log dead messages whether or not you are using a dead message queue.
If you enable dead message logging, the broker logs the following types of events:
A physical destination exceeded its maximum size.
The broker removed a message from a physical destination, for a reason such as the following:
The destination size limit has been reached.
The message time to live expired.
The message is too large.
An error occurred when the broker attempted to process the message.
If a dead message queue is in use, logging also includes the following types of events:
The broker moved a message to the dead message queue.
The broker removed a message from the dead message queue and discarded it.
[29/Mar/2006:15:35:39 PST] [B1147]: Message 8-18.104.22.168(e7:6b:dd:5d:98:aa)- 35251-1143675279400 from destination Q:q0 has been placed on the DMQ because [B0053]: Message on destination Q:q0 Expired: expiration time 1143675279402, arrival time 1143675279401, JMSTimestamp 1143675279400
Dead message logging is disabled by default. To enable it, set the broker attribute imq.destination.logDeadMsgs.