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Oracle Solaris ZFS Administration Guide     Oracle Solaris 11 Express 11/10
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1.  Oracle Solaris ZFS File System (Introduction)

What's New in ZFS?

ZFS File System Encryption

ZFS Send Stream Enhancements

ZFS Snapshot Differences (zfs diff)

ZFS Storage Pool Recovery and Performance Enhancements

Tuning ZFS Synchronous Behavior

Improved ZFS Pool Messages

ZFS ACL Interoperability Improvements

Splitting a Mirrored ZFS Storage Pool (zpool split)

Solaris iSCSI Changes

New ZFS System Process

ZFS Deduplication Property

Changes to the zpool list Command

ZFS Storage Pool Recovery

ZFS Log Device Enhancements

Triple Parity RAIDZ (raidz3)

Holding ZFS Snapshots

ZFS Device Replacement Enhancements

ZFS User and Group Quotas

ZFS ACL Pass Through Inheritance for Execute Permission

Automatic ZFS Snapshots

ZFS Property Enhancements

ZFS Log Device Recovery

Using ZFS ACL Sets

Using Cache Devices in Your ZFS Storage Pool

ZFS Root Pool Management

Rolling Back a Dataset Without Unmounting

Enhancements to the zfs send Command

ZFS Quotas and Reservations for File System Data Only

ZFS File System Properties for the Solaris CIFS Service

ZFS Storage Pool Properties

ZFS and File System Mirror Mounts

ZFS Command History Enhancements (zpool history)

Upgrading ZFS File Systems (zfs upgrade)

ZFS Delegated Administration

Setting Up Separate ZFS Log Devices

Creating Intermediate ZFS Datasets

ZFS Hot-Plugging Enhancements

Recursively Renaming ZFS Snapshots (zfs rename -r)

gzip Compression Is Available for ZFS

Storing Multiple Copies of ZFS User Data

Improved zpool status Output

ZFS and Solaris iSCSI Improvements

Sharing ZFS File System Enhancements

ZFS Command History (zpool history)

ZFS Property Improvements

ZFS xattr Property

ZFS canmount Property

ZFS User Properties

Setting Properties When Creating ZFS File Systems

Displaying All ZFS File System Information

New zfs receive -F Option

Recursive ZFS Snapshots

Double-Parity RAID-Z (raidz2)

Hot Spares for ZFS Storage Pool Devices

Replacing a ZFS File System With a ZFS Clone (zfs promote)

Upgrading ZFS Storage Pools (zpool upgrade)

Using ZFS to Clone Non-Global Zones and Other Enhancements

ZFS Backup and Restore Commands Are Renamed

Recovering Destroyed Storage Pools

ZFS Is Integrated With Fault Manager

The zpool clear Command

Compact NFSv4 ACL Format

File System Monitoring Tool (fsstat)

What Is ZFS?

ZFS Pooled Storage

Transactional Semantics

Checksums and Self-Healing Data

Unparalleled Scalability

ZFS Snapshots

Simplified Administration

ZFS Terminology

ZFS Component Naming Requirements

2.  Getting Started With Oracle Solaris ZFS

3.  Oracle Solaris ZFS and Traditional File System Differences

4.  Managing Oracle Solaris ZFS Storage Pools

5.  Managing ZFS Root Pool Components

6.  Managing Oracle Solaris ZFS File Systems

7.  Working With Oracle Solaris ZFS Snapshots and Clones

8.  Using ACLs and Attributes to Protect Oracle Solaris ZFS Files

9.  Oracle Solaris ZFS Delegated Administration

10.  Oracle Solaris ZFS Advanced Topics

11.  Oracle Solaris ZFS Troubleshooting and Pool Recovery

A.  Oracle Solaris ZFS Version Descriptions


ZFS Terminology

This section describes the basic terminology used throughout this book:

alternate boot environment

A boot environment that is created by the lucreate command and possibly updated by the luupgrade command, but it is not the active or primary boot environment. The alternate boot environment can become the primary boot environment by running the luactivate command.


A 256-bit hash of the data in a file system block. The checksum capability can range from the simple and fast fletcher4 (the default) to cryptographically strong hashes such as SHA256.


A file system whose initial contents are identical to the contents of a snapshot.

For information about clones, see Overview of ZFS Clones.


A generic name for the following ZFS components: clones, file systems, snapshots, and volumes.

Each dataset is identified by a unique name in the ZFS namespace. Datasets are identified using the following format:



Identifies the name of the storage pool that contains the dataset


Is a slash-delimited path name for the dataset component


Is an optional component that identifies a snapshot of a dataset

For more information about datasets, see Chapter 6, Managing Oracle Solaris ZFS File Systems.

file system

A ZFS dataset of type filesystem that is mounted within the standard system namespace and behaves like other file systems.

For more information about file systems, see Chapter 6, Managing Oracle Solaris ZFS File Systems.


A virtual device that stores identical copies of data on two or more disks. If any disk in a mirror fails, any other disk in that mirror can provide the same data.


A logical group of devices describing the layout and physical characteristics of the available storage. Disk space for datasets is allocated from a pool.

For more information about storage pools, see Chapter 4, Managing Oracle Solaris ZFS Storage Pools.

primary boot environment

A boot environment that is used by the lucreate command to build the alternate boot environment. By default, the primary boot environment is the current boot environment. This default can be overridden by using the lucreate -s option.


A virtual device that stores data and parity on multiple disks. For more information about RAID-Z, see RAID-Z Storage Pool Configuration.


The process of copying data from one device to another device is known as resilvering. For example, if a mirror device is replaced or taken offline, the data from an up-to-date mirror device is copied to the newly restored mirror device. This process is referred to as mirror resynchronization in traditional volume management products.

For more information about ZFS resilvering, see Viewing Resilvering Status.


A read-only copy of a file system or volume at a given point in time.

For more information about snapshots, see Overview of ZFS Snapshots.

virtual device

A logical device in a pool, which can be a physical device, a file, or a collection of devices.

For more information about virtual devices, see Displaying Storage Pool Virtual Device Information.


A dataset that represents a block device. For example, you can create a ZFS volume as a swap device.

For more information about ZFS volumes, see ZFS Volumes.