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System Administration Guide: Oracle Solaris Zones, Oracle Solaris 10 Containers, and Resource Management     Oracle Solaris 11 Express 11/10
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Document Information


Part I Oracle Solaris Resource Management

1.  Introduction to Resource Management

2.  Projects and Tasks (Overview)

3.  Administering Projects and Tasks

4.  Extended Accounting (Overview)

5.  Administering Extended Accounting (Tasks)

6.  Resource Controls (Overview)

7.  Administering Resource Controls (Tasks)

8.  Fair Share Scheduler (Overview)

9.  Administering the Fair Share Scheduler (Tasks)

10.  Physical Memory Control Using the Resource Capping Daemon (Overview)

11.  Administering the Resource Capping Daemon (Tasks)

12.  Resource Pools (Overview)

13.  Creating and Administering Resource Pools (Tasks)

14.  Resource Management Configuration Example

Part II Oracle Solaris Zones

15.  Introduction to Oracle Solaris Zones

16.  Non-Global Zone Configuration (Overview)

17.  Planning and Configuring Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

Planning and Configuring a Non-Global Zone (Task Map)

Evaluating the Current System Setup

Disk Space Requirements

Restricting Zone Size

Determine the Zone Host Name and the Network Requirements

Zone Host Name

Shared-IP Zone Network Address

IPv4 Zone Network Address

IPv6 Zone Network Address

Exclusive-IP Zone Network Address

File System Configuration

Creating, Revising, and Deleting Non-Global Zone Configurations (Task Map)

Configuring, Verifying, and Committing a Zone

How to Configure the Zone

Where to Go From Here

Script to Configure Multiple Zones

How to Display the Configuration of a Non-Global Zone

Using the zonecfg Command to Modify a Zone Configuration

How to Modify a Resource Type in a Zone Configuration

How to Clear a Property Type in a Zone Configuration

How to Rename a Zone

How to Add a Dedicated Device to a Zone

How to Set zone.cpu-shares in the Global Zone

Using the zonecfg Command to Revert or Remove a Zone Configuration

How to Revert a Zone Configuration

How to Delete a Zone Configuration

18.  About Installing, Halting, Uninstalling, and Cloning Non-Global Zones (Overview)

19.  Installing, Booting, Halting, Uninstalling, and Cloning Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

20.  Non-Global Zone Login (Overview)

21.  Logging In to Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

22.  Moving and Migrating Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

23.  About Packages on an Oracle Solaris 11 Express System With Zones Installed

24.  Oracle Solaris Zones Administration (Overview)

25.  Administering Oracle Solaris Zones (Tasks)

26.  Troubleshooting Miscellaneous Oracle Solaris Zones Problems

Part III Oracle Solaris 10 Zones

27.  Introduction to Oracle Solaris 10 Zones

28.  Assessing an Oracle Solaris 10 System and Creating an Archive

29.  (Optional) Migrating an Oracle Solaris 10 native Non-Global Zone Into an Oracle Solaris 10 Container

30.  Configuring the solaris10 Branded Zone

31.  Installing the solaris10 Branded Zone

32.  Booting a Zone and Zone Migration

33.  solaris10 Branded Zone Login and Post-Installation Configuration



Planning and Configuring a Non-Global Zone (Task Map)

Before you set up your system to use zones, you must first collect information and make decisions about how to configure the zones. The following task map summarizes how to plan and configure a zone.

For Instructions
Plan your zone strategy.
  • Evaluate the applications running on your system to determine which applications you want to run in a zone.
  • Assess the availability of disk space to hold the files that are unique in the zone.

  • If you are also using resource management features, determine how to align the zone with the resource management boundaries.

  • If you are using resource pools, configure the pools if necessary.

Refer to historical usage. Also see Disk Space Requirements and Resource Pools Used in Zones.
Determine the name for the zone.
Decide what to call the zone based on the naming conventions.
Determine the zone path (required).
Each zone has a path to its root directory that is relative to the global zone's root directory.
Evaluate the need for CPU restriction if you are not configuring resource pools. Note that with specification in zonecfg, pool settings propagate during migrations.
Review your application requirements.
Evaluate the need for memory allocation if you plan to cap memory for the zone by using rcapd from the global zone.
Review your application requirements.
Make the FSS the default scheduler on the system.
Give each zone CPU shares to control the zone's entitlement to CPU resources. The FSS guarantees a fair dispersion of CPU resources among zones that is based on allocated shares.
Determine whether the zone will be a shared-IP zone or an exclusive-IP zone.
For a shared-IP zone, which is the default, obtain or configure IP addresses for the zone. Depending on your configuration, you must obtain at least one IP address for each non-global zone that you want to have network access.

For an exclusive-IP zone, determine the data-link that will be assigned to the zone. The zone requires exclusive access to one or more network interfaces. The interface could be a separate LAN such as bge1, or a separate VLAN such as bge2000.

Determine which file systems you want to mount in the zone.
Review your application requirements.
See File Systems Mounted in Zones for more information.
Determine which network interfaces should be made available in the zone.
Review your application requirements.
See Shared-IP Network Interfaces for more information.
Determine whether you must alter the default set of non-global zone permissions.
Check the set of privileges: default, privileges that can be added and removed, and privileges that cannot be used at this time.
Determine which devices should be configured in each zone.
Review your application requirements.
Refer to the documentation for your application.
Configure the zone.
Use zonecfg to create a configuration for the zone.
Verify and commit the configured zone.
Determine whether the resources and properties specified are valid on a hypothetical system.