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Oracle Solaris Administration: ZFS File Systems     Oracle Solaris 11 Information Library
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Document Information


1.  Oracle Solaris ZFS File System (Introduction)

2.  Getting Started With Oracle Solaris ZFS

3.  Oracle Solaris ZFS and Traditional File System Differences

4.  Managing Oracle Solaris ZFS Storage Pools

Components of a ZFS Storage Pool

Using Disks in a ZFS Storage Pool

Using Slices in a ZFS Storage Pool

Using Files in a ZFS Storage Pool

Considerations for ZFS Storage Pools

Replication Features of a ZFS Storage Pool

Mirrored Storage Pool Configuration

RAID-Z Storage Pool Configuration

ZFS Hybrid Storage Pool

Self-Healing Data in a Redundant Configuration

Dynamic Striping in a Storage Pool

Creating and Destroying ZFS Storage Pools

Creating ZFS Storage Pools

Creating a Basic Storage Pool

Creating a Mirrored Storage Pool

Creating a ZFS Root Pool

Creating a RAID-Z Storage Pool

Creating a ZFS Storage Pool With Log Devices

Creating a ZFS Storage Pool With Cache Devices

Cautions For Creating Storage Pools

Displaying Storage Pool Virtual Device Information

Handling ZFS Storage Pool Creation Errors

Detecting In-Use Devices

Mismatched Replication Levels

Doing a Dry Run of Storage Pool Creation

Default Mount Point for Storage Pools

Destroying ZFS Storage Pools

Destroying a Pool With Faulted Devices

Managing Devices in ZFS Storage Pools

Adding Devices to a Storage Pool

Attaching and Detaching Devices in a Storage Pool

Creating a New Pool By Splitting a Mirrored ZFS Storage Pool

Onlining and Offlining Devices in a Storage Pool

Taking a Device Offline

Bringing a Device Online

Clearing Storage Pool Device Errors

Replacing Devices in a Storage Pool

Designating Hot Spares in Your Storage Pool

Activating and Deactivating Hot Spares in Your Storage Pool

Managing ZFS Storage Pool Properties

Querying ZFS Storage Pool Status

Displaying Information About ZFS Storage Pools

Displaying Information About All Storage Pools or a Specific Pool

Displaying Pool Devices by Physical Locations

Displaying Specific Storage Pool Statistics

Scripting ZFS Storage Pool Output

Displaying ZFS Storage Pool Command History

Viewing I/O Statistics for ZFS Storage Pools

Listing Pool-Wide I/O Statistics

Listing Virtual Device I/O Statistics

Determining the Health Status of ZFS Storage Pools

Basic Storage Pool Health Status

Detailed Health Status

Gathering ZFS Storage Pool Status Information

Migrating ZFS Storage Pools

Preparing for ZFS Storage Pool Migration

Exporting a ZFS Storage Pool

Determining Available Storage Pools to Import

Importing ZFS Storage Pools From Alternate Directories

Importing ZFS Storage Pools

Importing a Pool With a Missing Log Device

Importing a Pool in Read-Only Mode

Importing a Pool By a Specific Device Path

Recovering Destroyed ZFS Storage Pools

Upgrading ZFS Storage Pools

5.  Managing ZFS Root Pool Components

6.  Managing Oracle Solaris ZFS File Systems

7.  Working With Oracle Solaris ZFS Snapshots and Clones

8.  Using ACLs and Attributes to Protect Oracle Solaris ZFS Files

9.  Oracle Solaris ZFS Delegated Administration

10.  Oracle Solaris ZFS Advanced Topics

11.  Oracle Solaris ZFS Troubleshooting and Pool Recovery

12.  Archiving Snapshots and Root Pool Recovery

13.  Recommended Oracle Solaris ZFS Practices

A.  Oracle Solaris ZFS Version Descriptions


Upgrading ZFS Storage Pools

If you have ZFS storage pools from a previous Solaris release, you can upgrade your pools with the zpool upgrade command to take advantage of the pool features in the current release. In addition, the zpool status command notifies you when your pools are running older versions. For example:

# zpool status
  pool: tank
 state: ONLINE
status: The pool is formatted using an older on-disk format.  The pool can
        still be used, but some features are unavailable.
action: Upgrade the pool using 'zpool upgrade'.  Once this is done, the
        pool will no longer be accessible on older software versions.
 scrub: none requested
        NAME        STATE     READ WRITE CKSUM
        tank        ONLINE       0     0     0
          mirror-0  ONLINE       0     0     0
            c1t0d0  ONLINE       0     0     0
            c1t1d0  ONLINE       0     0     0
errors: No known data errors

You can use the following syntax to identify additional information about a particular version and supported releases:

# zpool upgrade -v
This system is currently running ZFS pool version 33.

The following versions are supported:

---  --------------------------------------------------------
 1   Initial ZFS version
 2   Ditto blocks (replicated metadata)
 3   Hot spares and double parity RAID-Z
 4   zpool history
 5   Compression using the gzip algorithm
 6   bootfs pool property
 7   Separate intent log devices
 8   Delegated administration
 9   refquota and refreservation properties
 10  Cache devices
 11  Improved scrub performance
 12  Snapshot properties
 13  snapused property
 14  passthrough-x aclinherit
 15  user/group space accounting
 16  stmf property support
 17  Triple-parity RAID-Z
 18  Snapshot user holds
 19  Log device removal
 20  Compression using zle (zero-length encoding)
 21  Deduplication
 22  Received properties
 23  Slim ZIL
 24  System attributes
 25  Improved scrub stats
 26  Improved snapshot deletion performance
 27  Improved snapshot creation performance
 28  Multiple vdev replacements
 29  RAID-Z/mirror hybrid allocator
 30  Encryption
 31  Improved 'zfs list' performance
 32  One MB blocksize
 33  Improved share support

For more information on a particular version, including supported releases,
see the ZFS Administration Guide.

Then, you can run the zpool upgrade command to upgrade all of your pools. For example:

# zpool upgrade -a

Note - If you upgrade your pool to a later ZFS version, the pool will not be accessible on a system that runs an older ZFS version.