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Oracle Solaris Administration: Oracle Solaris Zones, Oracle Solaris 10 Zones, and Resource Management     Oracle Solaris 11 Information Library
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Part I Oracle Solaris Resource Management

1.  Introduction to Resource Management

2.  Projects and Tasks (Overview)

3.  Administering Projects and Tasks

4.  Extended Accounting (Overview)

5.  Administering Extended Accounting (Tasks)

6.  Resource Controls (Overview)

7.  Administering Resource Controls (Tasks)

8.  Fair Share Scheduler (Overview)

9.  Administering the Fair Share Scheduler (Tasks)

10.  Physical Memory Control Using the Resource Capping Daemon (Overview)

11.  Administering the Resource Capping Daemon (Tasks)

12.  Resource Pools (Overview)

13.  Creating and Administering Resource Pools (Tasks)

14.  Resource Management Configuration Example

Part II Oracle Solaris Zones

15.  Introduction to Oracle Solaris Zones

16.  Non-Global Zone Configuration (Overview)

17.  Planning and Configuring Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

18.  About Installing, Shutting Down, Halting, Uninstalling, and Cloning Non-Global Zones (Overview)

19.  Installing, Booting, Shutting Down, Halting, Uninstalling, and Cloning Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

20.  Non-Global Zone Login (Overview)

21.  Logging In to Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

22.  About Zone Migrations and the zonep2vchk Tool

23.  Migrating Oracle Solaris Systems and Migrating Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

24.  About Automatic Installation and Packages on an Oracle Solaris 11 System With Zones Installed

25.  Oracle Solaris Zones Administration (Overview)

26.  Administering Oracle Solaris Zones (Tasks)

27.  Configuring and Administering Immutable Zones

28.  Troubleshooting Miscellaneous Oracle Solaris Zones Problems

Part III Oracle Solaris 10 Zones

29.  Introduction to Oracle Solaris 10 Zones

30.  Assessing an Oracle Solaris 10 System and Creating an Archive

31.  (Optional) Migrating an Oracle Solaris 10 native Non-Global Zone Into an Oracle Solaris 10 Zone

32.  Configuring the solaris10 Branded Zone

33.  Installing the solaris10 Branded Zone

34.  Booting a Zone, Logging in, and Zone Migration




This book is part of a multivolume set that covers a significant part of the Oracle Solaris operating system administration information. This book assumes that you have already installed the operating system and set up any networking software that you plan to use.

About Oracle Solaris Zones

The Oracle Solaris Zones product is a complete runtime environment for applications. A zone provides a virtual mapping from the application to the platform resources. Zones allow application components to be isolated from one another even though the zones share a single instance of the Oracle Solaris operating system. The Oracle Solaris Resource Manager product components, commonly referred to as resource management features, permits you to allocate the quantity of resources that a workload receives.

The zone establishes boundaries for resource consumption, such as CPU. These boundaries can be expanded to adapt to changing processing requirements of the application running in the zone.

For additional isolation, zones with a read-only root, called Immutable Zones, can be configured.

About Oracle Solaris 10 Zones

Oracle Solaris 10 Zones, also known as solaris10 branded non-global zones, use BrandZ technology to run Oracle Solaris 10 applications on the Oracle Solaris 11 operating system. Applications run unmodified in the secure environment provided by the non-global zone. This enables you to use the Oracle Solaris 10 system to develop, test, and deploy applications. Workloads running within these branded zones can take advantage of the enhancements made to the kernel and utilize some of the innovative technologies available only on the Oracle Solaris 11 release.

To use this product, see Part III, Oracle Solaris 10 Zones.

About Using Oracle Solaris Zones on an Oracle Solaris Trusted Extensions System

For information about using zones on an Oracle Solaris Trusted Extensions system, see Chapter 13, Managing Zones in Trusted Extensions, in Trusted Extensions Configuration and Administration. Note that only the labeled brand can be booted on an Oracle Solaris Trusted Extensions system.

Oracle Solaris Cluster Zone Clusters

Zone clusters are a feature of Oracle Solaris Cluster software. All nodes of a zone cluster are configured as non-global solaris zones with the cluster attribute. No other brand type is permitted. You can run supported services on the zone cluster in the same way as on a global cluster, with the isolation that is provided by zones. For information about configuring zone clusters, see the Oracle Solaris Cluster Software Installation Guide.

Oracle Solaris Resource Manager

Resource management enables you to control how applications use available system resources. See Part I, Oracle Solaris Resource Management.

Who Should Use This Book

This book is intended for anyone responsible for administering one or more systems that run the Oracle Solaris release. To use this book, you should have at least one to two years of UNIX system administration experience.

How the System Administration Guides Are Organized

Here is a list of the topics that are covered by the System Administration Guides.

Book Title
Booting and shutting down a system, managing boot services, modifying boot behavior, booting from ZFS, managing the boot archive, and troubleshooting booting on SPARC platforms
Booting and shutting down a system, managing boot services, modifying boot behavior, booting from ZFS, managing the boot archive, and troubleshooting booting on x86 platforms
Using Oracle Solaris commands, booting and shutting down a system, managing user accounts and groups, managing services, hardware faults, system information, system resources, and system performance, managing software, printing, the console and terminals, and troubleshooting system and software problems
Removable media, disks and devices, file systems, and backing up and restoring data
TCP/IP network administration, IPv4 and IPv6 address administration, DHCP, IPsec, IKE, IP Filter, and IPQoS
DNS, NIS, and LDAP naming and directory services, including transitioning from NIS to LDAP
Automatic and manual IP interface configuration including WiFi wireless; administration of bridges, VLANs, aggregations, LLDP, and IPMP; virtual NICs and resource management.
Web cache servers, time-related services, network file systems (NFS and autofs), mail, SLP, and PPP
Resource management features, which enable you to control how applications use available system resources; Oracle Solaris Zones software partitioning technology, which virtualizes operating system services to create an isolated environment for running applications; and Oracle Solaris 10 Zones, which host Oracle Solaris 10 environments running on the Oracle Solaris 11 kernel
Auditing, device management, file security, BART, Kerberos services, PAM, Cryptographic Framework, Key Management Framework, privileges, RBAC, SASL, Secure Shell and virus scanning.
SMB service, which enables you to configure an Oracle Solaris system to make SMB shares available to SMB clients; SMB client, which enables you to access SMB shares; and native identity mapping service, which enables you to map user and group identities between Oracle Solaris systems and Windows systems
ZFS storage pool and file system creation and management, snapshots, clones, backups, using access control lists (ACLs) to protect ZFS files, using ZFS on an Oracle Solaris system with zones installed, emulated volumes, and troubleshooting and data recovery
System installation, configuration, and administration that is specific to Trusted Extensions
Securing an Oracle Solaris system, as well as usage scenarios for its security features, such as zones, ZFS, and Trusted Extensions
Provides system administration information and examples for transitioning from Oracle Solaris 10 to Oracle Solaris 11 in the areas of installation, device, disk, and file system management, software management, networking, system management, security, virtualization, desktop features, user account management, and user environments emulated volumes, and troubleshooting and data recovery

Access to Oracle Support

Oracle customers have access to electronic support through My Oracle Support. For information, visit or visit if you are hearing impaired.

Typographic Conventions

The following table describes the typographic conventions that are used in this book.

Table P-1 Typographic Conventions

The names of commands, files, and directories, and onscreen computer output
Edit your .login file.

Use ls -a to list all files.

machine_name% you have mail.

What you type, contrasted with onscreen computer output
machine_name% su


Placeholder: replace with a real name or value
The command to remove a file is rm filename.
Book titles, new terms, and terms to be emphasized
Read Chapter 6 in the User's Guide.

A cache is a copy that is stored locally.

Do not save the file.

Note: Some emphasized items appear bold online.

Shell Prompts in Command Examples

The following table shows the default UNIX system prompt and superuser prompt for shells that are included in the Oracle Solaris OS. Note that the default system prompt that is displayed in command examples varies, depending on the Oracle Solaris release.

Table P-2 Shell Prompts

Bash shell, Korn shell, and Bourne shell
Bash shell, Korn shell, and Bourne shell for superuser
C shell
C shell for superuser

Obtaining Information on Privileges and Administrative Rights

For more information about roles and administrative rights, see Part III, Roles, Rights Profiles, and Privileges, in Oracle Solaris Administration: Security Services.