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Oracle® Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle WebCenter Portal
11g Release 1 (11.1.1.6.0)

Part Number E12405-18
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13 Managing the Analytics Service

This chapter describes how to configure and manage the Analytics service for WebCenter Portal applications. The Analytics service enables you to display usage and performance metrics for these applications.

Always use Fusion Middleware Control or the WLST command-line tool to review and configure back-end services for WebCenter Portal applications. Any changes that you make to WebCenter Portal applications, post deployment, are stored in the MDS metadata store as customizations. See Section 1.3.5, "WebCenter Portal Configuration Considerations." Any changes that you make to Analytics Collector configuration are stored in the Analytics database.

Note:

Changes that you make to Analytics service configuration, through Fusion Middleware Control or using WLST, are not dynamic so you must restart the managed server on which the Analytics Collector or the WebCenter Portal application is deployed for your changes to take effect. See Section 8.2, "Starting and Stopping Managed Servers for WebCenter Portal Application Deployments."

This chapter includes the following sections:

Audience

The content of this chapter is intended for administrators who are responsible for setting up Analytics in WebCenter Portal, and configuring Analytics Collector details for Framework applications and Spaces.

13.1 What You Should Know About Analytics in WebCenter Portal

Analytics allows WebCenter Portal administrators and business users to track and analyze portal usage. Analytics provides the following basic functionality:

An overview of Analytics components and ready-to-use task flows are described in the following sections:

13.1.1 Analytics Components

Figure 13-1 illustrates components for the Analytics service in WebCenter Portal:

  • WC_Spaces - The managed server in which the Spaces application is deployed.

    (Framework applications are deployed on different managed servers.)

  • WC_Utilities - The managed server in which the Analytics Collector is deployed.

  • Event Data - Analytics tracks and collects a defined set of events. A comprehensive set of the most common events are provided out-of-the-box.

  • Open Usage API - The OpenUsage API sends metrics to the Analytics Collector using UDP (User Datagram Protocol).

  • Analytics Collector - The Analytics Collector component gathers event data.

    Analytics Collectors can be clustered to provide increased scalability and reliability.

  • Analytics Database - The Analytics database (ACTIVITIES) stores metrics gathered from portal and non-portal events.

  • Analytics Task Flows - Analytics provides a series of task flows to report metrics for common portal functions.

  • MDS - The Oracle Metadata Service (MDS) repository that stores task flow customizations.

Figure 13-1 Analytics Components

Analytics Components

13.1.2 Analytics Task Flows

Table 13-1 lists the Analytics task flows available with WebCenter Portal. The task flows work similarly for Framework applications and Spaces. For detailed information about these task flows and how to use them, see "Understanding Analytics Task Flows in Spaces" in Oracle Fusion Middleware User's Guide for Oracle WebCenter Portal: Spaces.

Table 13-1 Analytics Task Flows in WebCenter Portal

Analytics Task Flows Description

WebCenter Portal Traffic

A summarized view for common events within the portal.

Page Traffic

Displays the number of page visits and the number of unique users that visited any page within the portal.

Login Metrics

Reports portal logins.

Portlet Traffic

Displays usage data for a portlet.

Portlet Response Time

Displays performance data for a portlet.

Portlet Instance Traffic

Displays usage data for a portlet instance.

When the same portlet displays on several different pages, each placement is considered as a portlet instance.

Portlet Instance Response Time

Displays performance data for a portlet instance.

Search Metrics

Tracks portal searches.

Document Metrics

Tracks document views.

Wiki Metrics

Tracks most popular/least popular wikis.

Blog Metrics

Tracks most popular/least popular blogs.

Discussion Metrics

Tracks most popular/least popular discussions.

Space Traffic*

(Spaces only) Displays usage data for a space.

Space Response Time*

(Spaces only) Displays page performance data for a space.


* These task flows are specific to Spaces. These task flows are not available for Framework applications.

13.2 Configuration Roadmap for the Analytics Service

The flow chart depicted in Figure 13-2 and Table 13-2 provides an overview of the prerequisites and tasks required to get the Analytics service working in the Spaces application.

Figure 13-2 Configuring the Analytics Service for Use in the Spaces Application

Configuring the Analytics Service for Spaces Install WebCenter Portal: Spaces and the back-end components for the Analytics service Configure the Analytics Collector Use the System MBean Browser Use WLST Configure a connection between the Spaces application and the Analytics Collector Use Fusion Middleware Control Use WLST Log in to Spaces with administrator privileges Open the main Analytics business role page to see live data

Table 13-2 Configuring the Analytics Service for Use in Spaces

Actor Task Sub-task

Administrator

1. Install Oracle WebCenter Portal: Spaces and the back-end components for the Analytics service

 

Administrator

2. (Optional) Configure the Analytics Collector using either of the following tools:

 

Administrator

3. Configure a connection between the Spaces application and the Analytics Collector using either of the following tools:

 

Spaces Administrator

4. Test that analytics data is available in Spaces

4.a Log in to Spaces with administrator privileges

4.b Open the main Analytics business role page to see live data: http://host:port/webcenter/spaces/page/Analytics


13.3 Analytics Prerequisites

This section includes the following subsections:

13.3.1 Analytics - Installation

The Analytics Collector is an optional installation option for Oracle WebCenter Portal. To install this product, select Oracle WebCenter Portal Analytics Collector in the Fusion Middleware Configuration Wizard. For detailed installation instructions, see Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle WebCenter Portal.

The Analytics schema (ACTIVITIES) and the WebCenter Portal schema (WEBCENTER) can be installed on the same database or on separate databases.

13.3.2 Analytics - Configuration

The Analytics Collector is configured to receive events out-of-the-box, using installation defaults. If the default values are not suitable for your installation or you have a cluster, you may configure different values using WLST or MBeans Browser. For more details, Section 13.4, "Configuring Analytics Collector Settings."

Out-of-the-box, Spaces is not configured to send events to the Analytics Collector. If you want to collect usage and performance metrics for Spaces (or any Framework application) you must register the Analytics Collector and enable event collection. For more details, see Section 13.5, "Registering an Analytics Collector for Your Application." Once connected, analytics data is collected and displays in your application (through Analytics task flows) without further configuration.

13.3.3 Analytics - Security Considerations

In Spaces, Resource Catalogs only display Analytics task flows to users with appropriate permissions:

  • Administrators - Users with the Administrator role have access to all Analytics task flows

  • Moderators - Within a particular space, members with the Moderator role have access to Analytics task flows that display usage data for that space only

Analytics usage data is valuable for portal analysis but might be regarded as private or sensitive to portal users. To protect security and privacy interests associated with usage metrics Spaces administrators and individual space moderators must manage page security such that only appropriate, specified users have access to pages that expose analytics data. See also, "Securing Pages and Components" in Oracle Fusion Middleware User's Guide for Oracle WebCenter Portal: Spaces.

Similarly, developers building Framework applications must set up a suitable security model for exposing Analytics task flows and data. For details, see "Setting up Security for Analytics Task Flows and Usage Data" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Developer's Guide for Oracle WebCenter Portal.

13.3.4 Analytics - Limitations

Analytics task flows do not display custom event information.

13.4 Configuring Analytics Collector Settings

During installation, the Analytics Collector is configured to receive events using the following default values:

If these default values are not suitable for your installation or you have a cluster, you can configure suitable values using WLST or the MBeans Browser in Fusion Middleware Control:

These Analytics Collector configuration settings are stored in the Analytics database (ACTIVITIES).

13.4.1 Setting Analytics Collector Properties Using WLST

Use the WLST command setAnalyticsCollectorConfig to set event collection properties for the Analytics Collector. For command syntax and examples, see the section, "setAnalyticsCollectorConfig" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware WebLogic Scripting Tool Command Reference.

For information on how to run WLST commands, see Section 1.13.3.1, "Running Oracle WebLogic Scripting Tool (WLST) Commands."

Note:

To start using the property values you must restart the managed server on which the Analytics Collector application is deployed (WC_Utilities). For more information, see the section, "Starting and Stopping WebLogic Managed Servers Using the Command Line" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide.

13.4.2 Setting Analytics Collector Properties Using Fusion Middleware Control

Use the Systems MBeans Browser in Fusion Middleware Control to set event collection properties for the Analytics Collector:

To configure the Analytics Collector (deployed on the WC_Utilities managed server):

  1. Log in to Fusion Middleware Control and navigate to the home page for Spaces or your Framework application. For more information, see:

  2. Open the System MBean Browser:

    • For the Spaces application- From the WebCenter Portal menu, choose System MBean Browser.

    • For Framework applications - From the Application Deployment menu, choose System MBean Browser.

  3. Navigate to:
    Application Defined MBeans >oracle.webcenter.analytics >Server: WC_Utilities >Application: analytics-collector >CollectorConfiguration >Configuration

    Alternatively, search for CollectorConfiguration or filter the System MBean Browser tree using the MBean pattern: oracle.webcenter.analytics:*

    Figure 13-3 System MBeans Browser - Analytics Collector Properties

    Analytics Collector - MBeans Browser
  4. Modify configuration properties for the Analytics Collector. For details, see Table 13-3.

    Table 13-3 Analytics Collector - Configuration Properties

    Field Description

    BroadcastType

    Specify the network channel on which the Analytics Collector broadcasts a 'heartbeat' to advertise its location to event producers. Valid values are Broadcast and Multicast:

    Broadcast - use the standard network broadcast channel.

    Multicast - use a special fixed multicast address.

    CollectorHostName

    Enter the name of the host on which the Analytics Collector is running.

    The default setting is localhost.

    CollectorDefaultPort

    Enter the default port number on which the Analytics Collector listens. The default value is 31314.

    CollectorMaximumPort

    Enter the highest port number that an Analytics Collector can use when allocating a listener.

    This property is mostly used in a clustered environment where multiple collectors run in the same box. Each collector listens for incoming UDP messages on a free port within a given port range. The range is from the default port number to the maxPort number.

    ClusterEnabled

    The clustering settings do not apply. Clustering is not supported in this version.

    ClusterName

    The clustering settings do not apply. Clustering is not supported in this version.

    HeartbeatFrequency

    The clustering settings do not apply. Clustering is not supported in this version.


  5. To start using the new settings you must restart the managed server on which the Analytics Collector application is deployed (WC_Utilities). For more information, see Section 8.2, "Starting and Stopping Managed Servers for WebCenter Portal Application Deployments."

13.5 Registering an Analytics Collector for Your Application

Events raised in Spaces or a Framework application using OpenUsage APIs can be sent to an Analytics Collector for use by the Analytics service, Recommendations service, and the Activity Graph Engine. If you intend to use any of the features or task flows provided by these services you must connect Spaces or the Framework application to an Analytics Collector.

While you can register multiple Analytics Collector connections for Spaces or your Framework application, only one Analytics Collector is used - the default (or active) connection.

To start using a new configuration you must restart the managed server on which Spaces or your Framework application is deployed.

This section includes the following subsections:

13.5.1 Registering an Analytics Collector Using Fusion Middleware Control

To register an Analytics Collector for Spaces or a Framework application:

  1. Log in to Fusion Middleware Control and navigate to the home page for Spaces or your Framework application. For more information, see:

  2. Open the Service Configuration page:

    • For the Spaces application - From the WebCenter Portal menu, choose Settings > Service Configuration.

    • For Framework applications - From the Application Deployment menu, choose WebCenter Portal > Service Configuration.

  3. From the list of services on the WebCenter Portal Service Configuration page, select Analytics and Activity Graph.

  4. To connect to an Analytics Collector, click Add (Figure 13-4).

    Figure 13-4 Configuring Analytics Collector Connections

    Configuring a Content Repository
  5. Enter a unique name for this connection.

    The name must be unique (across all connection types) within Spaces or your Framework application.

  6. Select Active Connection to use this connection for Analytics and Activity Graph services.

    While you can register multiple Analytics Collector connections for Spaces or your Framework application, only one connection is used—the default (or active) connection.

  7. Select Enable WebCenter Portal Event Collection to send analytics events raised using OpenUsage APIs to the Analytics Collector.

    Deselect this option if you do not want to collect analytics data.

  8. Enter connection details for the Analytics Collector. For details, see Table 13-4.

    Table 13-4 Analytics Collector Connection - Connection Details

    Field Description

    Messaging Mode

    This property specifies whether to send events to a clustered Analytics Collector in multicast mode or a single Analytics Collector using unicast communication. Clustering the Analytics Collector is not supported in the current release, so the only valid value for this release is Unicast.

    Collector Host Name

    If the messaging mode is set to Unicast, enter the host name where the Analytics Collector is running.

    The default setting is localhost.

    Collector Port

    Enter the port on which the Analytics Collector listens for events. The default value is 31314.

    Cluster Name

    If the messaging mode is set to Multicast, enter the name of the cluster where a clustered Analytics Collector is running.

    Timeout (Seconds)

    If the messaging mode is set to Multicast, enter the length of time (in seconds) to wait for a response from the Analytics Collector.

    The default value is 30 seconds.


  9. Click OK to save.

  10. To start using the new (active) connection you must restart the managed server on which Spaces or your Framework application is deployed. For more information, see Section 8.2, "Starting and Stopping Managed Servers for WebCenter Portal Application Deployments."

13.5.2 Registering an Analytics Collector Using WLST

Use the WLST command createAnalyticsCollectorConnection to create an Analytics Collector connection for Spaces or your Framework application. To update an existing connection, use setAnalyticsCollectorConnection. For command syntax and examples, see the section, "createAnalyticsCollectorConnection" and "setAnalyticsCollectorConnection" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware WebLogic Scripting Tool Command Reference.

For information on how to run WLST commands, see Section 1.13.3.1, "Running Oracle WebLogic Scripting Tool (WLST) Commands."

Note:

To start using the new connection, ensure that isEnabled=1 and default=1, and then restart the managed server on which Spaces or your Framework application isdeployed. See, "Starting and Stopping WebLogic Managed Servers Using the Command Line" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide.

13.5.3 Disabling WebCenter Event Collection

If you do not want to collect events raised using OpenUsage APIs, you can stop event transmission temporarily or permanently.

This section includes the following subsections:

13.5.3.1 Disabling WebCenter Portal Event Collection Using Fusion Middleware Control

To disable event collection for Spaces or your Framework application:

  1. Log in to Fusion Middleware Control and navigate to the home page for Spaces or your Framework application. For more information, see:

  2. Open the Service Configuration page:

    • For the Spaces application - From the WebCenter Portal menu, choose Settings > Service Configuration.

    • For Framework applications - From the Application Deployment menu, choose WebCenter Portal > Service Configuration.

  3. From the list of services on the WebCenter Portal Service Configuration page, select Analytics and Activity Graph.

  4. Select the connection in the table, and then click Edit.

  5. Deselect Enable WebCenter Portal Event Collection (Figure 13-5).

    Figure 13-5 Disabling Analytics Event Collection

    Disabling Analytics Event Collection
  6. To effect this change you must restart the managed server on which Spaces or your Framework application is deployed. For more information, see Section 8.2, "Starting and Stopping Managed Servers for WebCenter Portal Application Deployments."

13.5.3.2 Disabling WebCenter Portal Event Collection Using WLST

To disable event collection using WLST, run the setAnalyticsCollectorConnection command with the isEnabled argument set to 0 (false). For command syntax and examples, see the section, "setAnalyticsCollectorConnection" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware WebLogic Scripting Tool Command Reference.

For information on how to run WLST commands, see Section 1.13.3.1, "Running Oracle WebLogic Scripting Tool (WLST) Commands."

13.6 Configuring User Profile Events Timing

User profile information is cached, meaning that changes to a user profile are not visible in reports until the cache is updated. The cache is limited to 1000 objects by default, with each object remaining in the cache for 60 minutes by default. You can change these values using WLST. To change the maximum number of objects in the cache, run the setProfileCacheNumberOfObjects command. To change the time an object remains idle in the cache, run the setProfileCacheTimeToLive command.

For information on how to run WLST commands, see Section 1.13.3.1, "Running Oracle WebLogic Scripting Tool (WLST) Commands."

13.7 Validating Analytic Event Collection

You can check whether events reach the Analytics Collector by checking the trace log at:

<base_domain_name>/servers/WC_Utilities/logs/analytics-collector/collector.trc

Event messages are similar to the following:

[2010-09-16T07:13:56.906-07:00] [WC_Utilities] [TRACE] []
[SRC_METHOD: OnMessageReceived] Event = [[
EVENT_TYPE: {http://www.myorg.com/videoapp}VIDEOVIEWS
VERSION: 3.0.XXXX
AS_DIMENSION_USER.USERID: testuser01
VIDEO.RESOURCEID: video8736
VIDEO.TITLE: Project Kick Off
VIDEO.LOOP: false
QUALITY: 720
PROPERTY_VERSION: 3.0.XXXX

To display analytics collector configuration information, enter the following URL:

http://hostname:WC_Utilities_port/collector

This page lists the following:

13.8 Viewing the Current WebCenter Portal's Analytic Event List

Use the Systems MBeans Browser in Fusion Middleware Control to see which events that an Analytics Collector is configured to collect.

To display the current list of analytics events:

  1. Log in to Fusion Middleware Control and navigate to the home page for Spaces or your Framework application. For more information, see:

  2. Open the System MBean Browser:

    • For the Spaces application - From the WebCenter Portal menu, choose System MBean Browser.

    • For Framework applications - From the Application Deployment menu, choose System MBean Browser.

  3. Navigate to:
    Application Defined MBeans> oracle.webcenter.analytics Server: WC_Utilities> Application: analytics-collector> CollectorServices> Services

    Alternatively, search for CollectorServices or filter the System MBean Browser tree using the MBean pattern: oracle.webcenter.analytics:*

  4. Select the Operations tab.

    Figure 13-6 System MBeans Browser - Register Analytics Events

    System MBeans Browser - Register Analytics Events
  5. Click listRegisteredEventTypes.

  6. Click Invoke.

Alternatively, use the WLST command listAnalyticsEventTypes. For command syntax and examples, see the section, "listAnalyticsEventTypes" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware WebLogic Scripting Tool Command Reference.

13.9 Purging Analytics Data

For more information, see "Purging Oracle WebCenter Portal Analytics Data" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide.

13.10 Partitioning Analytics Data

For more information, see "Partitioning Oracle WebCenter Portal Analytics Data" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide.

13.11 Troubleshooting Issues with Analytics

If users cannot see analytics in Spaces or your Framework application, verify the following: