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|Installing Oracle Solaris 11.1 Systems Oracle Solaris 11.1 Information Library|
When installing Oracle Solaris software, consider the following information:
The installer on the Live Media ISO image is for x86 platforms only.
If you are installing Oracle Solaris on a system that will have more than one operating system installed in it, you can partition your disk during the installation process.
Note the following:
The installer uses GPT formatting when installing onto a whole disk or an unformatted disk. However, existing GPT partitions or DOS partitions are retained by default and displayed by the installer, so you can retain and install into an existing partition. For more information, see Guidelines for Partitioning a System During an Interactive Installation.
Caution - GPT formatting is currently not available on SPARC platforms.
In this release, Oracle Solaris for the x86 platform installs the new version of the GRand Unified Bootloader (GRUB 2). For information about GRUB 2, see Introducing GRUB 2 in Booting and Shutting Down Oracle Solaris 11.1 Systems.
If you prefer, you can use a third-party or open–source partitioning tool to create a new partition or make adjustments to pre–existing partitions prior to an installation. See Guidelines for Partitioning a System Prior To Installation.
In this release, you can use the GUI installer to install the Oracle Solaris operating system onto an iSCSI target if the iSCSI target can act as a boot disk and if the system has the necessary support for iSCSI booting.
If your system supports autodiscovery of iSCSI disks, the installer provides that option. Alternately, you can manually enter values to specify the iSCSI target in the installation screens.
For further information, see the installation procedure in this chapter. Also, see the iscsiadm(1M) man page.
The GUI installer cannot upgrade your operating system. However, after you have installed the Oracle Solaris operating system, you can update all of the packages on your system that have available updates by using the Image Packaging System. See Adding and Updating Oracle Solaris 11.1 Software Packages.
The GUI installer can perform an initial installation on the whole disk or on an Oracle Solaris x86 partition on the disk.
Caution - The installation overwrites all of the software and data on the targeted device.
The default network and security settings used by the GUI installer on the Live Media are as follows:
Oracle Solaris is automatically networked by using DHCP, with Domain Name System (DNS) resolution.
The DNS domain and server Internet Protocol (IP) addresses are retrieved from the DHCP server.
Automatic networking enables IPv6 autoconfiguration on active interfaces.
The NFSv4 domain is dynamically derived.
Complete the following tasks before performing a GUI installation.
To download the Oracle Solaris Live Media ISO image, go to http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/server-storage/solaris11/downloads/index.html.
Note - Alternately, if you want to burn the image to a USB flash drive, download a USB image.
After you download the image, copy the image to removable media, such as a CD, DVD, or USB flash drive.
Note - For USB images, you need the usbcopy utility in order to copy the image to a USB flash drive. You can add this utility to your system by installing the pkg:/install/distribution-constructor package.
On the Live Media, when the GRUB2 menu is displayed, the default entry is automatically used unless you select another option.
Note - If your system's graphics card is not supported by the Live Media or your system does not have a graphics card, the system boots in console mode when you insert the Live Media. In this case, you cannot perform a GUI installation. See What to Do If Your System Boots in Console Mode.
If you are prompted to log in to the Live Media, the user name and password are both jack.
The root password is solaris.
Note - The language and keyboard selections set the defaults for the installer and for the installed system. You can modify the locale on the login panel for the installed system.
When you boot the Live Media, if any drivers are missing, a prompt is displayed. Follow the instructions for accessing the Device Driver Utility to locate and install any drivers that are required for the installation.
Local Disks – This is the default option for disks that are attached to the computer, including internal and external hard disks.
iSCSI – If you want the installer to search for remote disks that are accessible over a network using the iSCSI standard, select this option. Additional fields display as follows:
Use DHCP autodiscovery – If your system supports autodiscovery of iSCSI disks, this option is enabled. Selecting this option populates the criteria fields with the values returned from autodiscovery. You can then select the “Specify search criteria” option to further refine these values.
Specify search criteria – You can select this option and manually provide the iSCSI search values.
The IP address of the iSCSI target. Four numbers in the range 0-255 must be entered. The system at this IP address must be online and accessible from this system. These fields are mandatory.
The Logical Unit Number of the iSCSI device located at the provided IP address. The LUN is often a numerical value such as “0”, “1”, and so on. This field is optional.
The name of the iSCSI target in iSCSI Qualified Name (IQN) format. This field is optional.
The port number used in conjunction with the provided IP address for discovering the iSCSI device. The default value of “3260” is the port typically used for iSCSI. This field is optional.
The initiator node name to be set for the iSCSI discovery session. For iSCSI booting, this field is hidden because the initiator node name cannot be modified. This field is optional.
Select this option if you want to enter CHAP (Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol) authentication details.
The CHAP name to be used for authentication. This field is optional.
The CHAP secret value for authentication. If provided, this value must be between 12 and 16 characters long. This field is optional.
If you choose the iSCSI option, a delay might occur when you select Next while the details entered are validated. If the iSCSI LUN cannot be discovered, an error is displayed. You cannot proceed until the problem is resolved, either by entering valid criteria or by deselecting iSCSI.
The installer uses GPT formatting when installing onto a whole disk or an unformatted disk. However, existing GPT partitions or DOS partitions are retained by default and displayed by the installer, so you can retain and install into an existing partition.
Caution - GPT formatting is currently not available on SPARC platforms.
Note the following:
If the disk contains existing DOS partitions, up to four DOS primary partitions are displayed. If a DOS extended partition exists, its logical partitions are also displayed in the disk layout order within the extended partition. Only one Solaris partition is allowed, and that Solaris partition must be used for the installation. The Solaris partition can be a logical partition within an extended partition.
If the disk contains existing GPT partitions, the GPT partitions are displayed. Up to seven GPT partitions are supported. You can create one or more Solaris partitions during the installation, but you must choose one Solaris partition as the installation target. If there are multiple, existing Solaris GPT partitions, the first suitable Solaris GPT partition will be chosen by default as the installation target.
You have the option to modify the partition layout. For instructions, see the Guidelines for Partitioning a System During an Interactive Installation.
At any point during this phase of the installation, you can revert to the original settings.
Caution - If the existing partition table cannot be read, the panel shows proposed partitioning. In this instance, all of the data on the disk is destroyed during the installation.
The installer uses the time zone from the system's internal settings as the initial default, if possible. When you select your location on the map, the installer uses that information to set the date, time and time zone.
Type a user name and password.
To complete the user account setup, a login name and password are required. The login name must begin with a letter and can contain only letters and numbers.
Note - The user account that you create will have administrative privileges.
On an installed system, the initial root password defaults to the user account password that you enter here. The first time you use the root password, you will be prompted to change the password.
Type a computer name or accept the default. This field cannot be blank.
The default Support Configuration installer panel provides an anonymous registration address. If you use this anonymous address with no password, My Oracle Support (MOS) will receive information about the installed system's configuration, but will not receive any of your customer information when the system configuration is uploaded to the Oracle support organization.
Alternately, you can register for security updates or disconnect OCM as follows:
You can replace the anonymous email address in the Support Configuration panel with your My Oracle Support login ID and add your My Oracle Support password. Use this option if you want to see your customer information in My Oracle Support and receive security updates. With this option, ASR will also be started.
If you delete the anonymous email address in the Support Configuration panel and leave that field blank, OCM will be started in a disconnected mode. No data will be sent to My Oracle Support. Or, if you delete the anonymous email address and replace it with another email address other than your MOS login ID, OCM will send data to Oracle support in an unauthenticated mode.
For further information, see Using Oracle Configuration Manager.
Review the specifications in the Installation Summary panel. If necessary, go back and make any required changes before starting the installation.
The Oracle Solaris installation process begins.
Caution - Do not interrupt an installation that is in progress. An incomplete installation can leave a disk in an indeterminate state.
The Installation Results panel provides access to installation logs that you can review.
After a successful installation, reboot the system or exit the installer and shut down the system.
Eject the Live Media as the next system boot begins. Or, select the “Boot from Hard Disk” option in the GRUB menu.
If the installation fails, you can view the installation log and exit the installer.