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Managing Network File Systems in Oracle Solaris 11.1     Oracle Solaris 11.1 Information Library
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Document Information


1.  Managing Network File Systems (Overview)

2.  Network File System Administration (Tasks)

3.  Accessing Network File Systems (Reference)

NFS Files

/etc/default/nfslogd File

/etc/nfs/nfslog.conf File

NFS Daemons

automountd Daemon

lockd Daemon

mountd Daemon

nfs4cbd Daemon

nfsd Daemon

nfslogd Daemon

nfsmapid Daemon

Configuration Files and nfsmapid

Precedence Rules

nfsmapid and DNS TXT Records

Checking for the NFS Version 4 Domain

Configuring the NFS Version 4 Default Domain

Configuring an NFS Version 4 Default Domain in the Oracle Solaris 11 Release

Configuring an NFS Version 4 Default Domain in the Solaris 10 Release

Additional Information About nfsmapid

reparsed Daemon

statd Daemon

NFS Commands

automount Command

clear_locks Command

fsstat Command

mount Command

mount Options for NFS File Systems

Using the mount Command

umount Command

mountall Command

umountall Command

sharectl Command

set Subcommand

get Subcommand

status Subcommand

share Command

Non-File-System-Specific share Options

NFS-Specific share Options

Setting Access Lists With the share Command

unshare Command

shareall Command

unshareall Command

showmount Command

nfsref Command

FedFS Commands

Commands for Troubleshooting NFS Problems

nfsstat Command

pstack Command

rpcinfo Command

snoop Command

truss Command


How the NFS Service Works

Version Negotiation in NFS

Features in NFS Version 4

Unsharing and Resharing a File System in NFS Version 4

File-System Namespace in NFS Version 4

Volatile File Handles in NFS Version 4

Client Recovery in NFS Version 4

OPEN Share Support in NFS Version 4

Delegation in NFS Version 4

ACLs and nfsmapid in NFS Version 4

Reasons for ID Mapping to Fail

Avoiding ID Mapping Problems With ACLs

Checking for Unmapped User or Group IDs

Additional Information About ACLs or nfsmapid

UDP and TCP Negotiation

File Transfer Size Negotiation

How File Systems Are Mounted

Effects of the -public Option and NFS URLs When Mounting

Client-Side Failover

Failover Terminology

What Is a Replicated File System?

Failover and NFS Locking

Client-Side Failover in NFS Version 4

How NFS Server Logging Works

How the WebNFS Service Works

How WebNFS Security Negotiation Works

WebNFS Limitations With Web Browser Use

Secure NFS System

Secure RPC

DH Authentication

KERB Authentication

Using Secure RPC With NFS

How Mirror Mounts Work

When to Use Mirror Mounts

Mounting a File System Using Mirror Mounts

Unmounting a File System Using Mirror Mounts

How NFS Referrals Work

When to Use NFS Referrals?

Creating an NFS Referral

Removing an NFS Referral

Autofs Maps

Master Autofs Map

Mount Point /home

Mount Point /net

Mount Point /nfs4

Direct Autofs Maps

Mount Point /-

Indirect Autofs Maps

How Autofs Works

How Autofs Navigates Through the Network (Maps)

How Autofs Starts the Navigation Process (Master Map)

Autofs Mount Process

Simple Autofs Mount

Hierarchical Mounting

Autofs Unmounting

How Autofs Selects the Nearest Read-Only Files for Clients (Multiple Locations)

Autofs and Weighting

Variables in a Autofs Map Entry

Maps That Refer to Other Maps

Executable Autofs Maps

Modifying How Autofs Navigates the Network (Modifying Maps)

Default Autofs Behavior With Name Services

Autofs Reference

Autofs and Metacharacters

Ampersand (&)

Asterisk (*)

Autofs and Special Characters


Autofs Reference

The remaining sections of this chapter describe more advanced autofs features and topics.

Autofs and Metacharacters

Autofs recognizes some characters as having a special meaning. Some characters are used for substitutions, and some characters are used to protect other characters from the autofs map parser.

Ampersand (&)

If you have a map with many subdirectories specified, as in the following, consider using string substitutions.

john        willow:/home/john
mary        willow:/home/mary
joe         willow:/home/joe
able        pine:/export/able
baker       peach:/export/baker

You can use the ampersand character (&) to substitute the key wherever the key appears. If you use the ampersand, the previous map changes to the following:

john        willow:/home/&
mary        willow:/home/&
joe         willow:/home/&
able        pine:/export/&
baker       peach:/export/&

You could also use key substitutions in a direct map, in situations such as the following:

/usr/man                        willow,cedar,poplar:/usr/man

You can also simplify the entry further as follows:

/usr/man                        willow,cedar,poplar:&

Notice that the ampersand substitution uses the whole key string. Therefore, if the key in a direct map starts with a / (as it should), the slash is included in the substitution. Consequently, for example, you could not do the following:

/progs                &1,&2,&3:/export/src/progs 

The reason is that autofs would interpret the example as the following:

/progs                 /progs1,/progs2,/progs3:/export/src/progs

Asterisk (*)

You can use the universal substitute character, the asterisk (*), to match any key. You could mount the /export file system from all hosts through this map entry.

*                        &:/export

Each ampersand is substituted by the value of any given key. Autofs interprets the asterisk as an end-of-file character.

Autofs and Special Characters

If you have a map entry that contains special characters, you might have to mount directories that have names that confuse the autofs map parser. The autofs parser is sensitive to names that contain colons, commas, and spaces, for example. These names should be enclosed in double-quotes, as in the following:

/vms    -ro    vmsserver: -  -  - "rc0:dk1 - "
/mac    -ro    gator:/ - "Mr Disk - "