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System Administration Guide: Security Services     Oracle Solaris 10 1/13 Information Library
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Document Information


Part I Security Overview

1.  Security Services (Overview)

Part II System, File, and Device Security

2.  Managing Machine Security (Overview)

3.  Controlling Access to Systems (Tasks)

4.  Controlling Access to Devices (Tasks)

5.  Using the Basic Audit Reporting Tool (Tasks)

6.  Controlling Access to Files (Tasks)

7.  Using the Automated Security Enhancement Tool (Tasks)

Part III Roles, Rights Profiles, and Privileges

8.  Using Roles and Privileges (Overview)

9.  Using Role-Based Access Control (Tasks)

10.  Role-Based Access Control (Reference)

11.  Privileges (Tasks)

12.  Privileges (Reference)

Part IV Cryptographic Services

13.  Oracle Solaris Cryptographic Framework (Overview)

14.  Oracle Solaris Cryptographic Framework (Tasks)

15.  Oracle Solaris Key Management Framework

Part V Authentication Services and Secure Communication

16.  Using Authentication Services (Tasks)

17.  Using PAM

18.  Using SASL

19.  Using Secure Shell (Tasks)

20.  Secure Shell (Reference)

Part VI Kerberos Service

21.  Introduction to the Kerberos Service

22.  Planning for the Kerberos Service

23.  Configuring the Kerberos Service (Tasks)

24.  Kerberos Error Messages and Troubleshooting

25.  Administering Kerberos Principals and Policies (Tasks)

26.  Using Kerberos Applications (Tasks)

27.  The Kerberos Service (Reference)

Part VII Auditing in Oracle Solaris

28.  Oracle Solaris Auditing (Overview)

What Is Auditing?

How Does Auditing Work?

How Is Auditing Related to Security?

Audit Terminology and Concepts

Audit Events

Audit Classes and Preselection

Audit Records and Audit Tokens

Audit Plugin Modules

Audit Logs

Storing the Audit Trail

Examining the Audit Trail

Auditing on a System With Oracle Solaris Zones

Auditing Enhancements in the Solaris 10 Release

29.  Planning for Oracle Solaris Auditing

30.  Managing Oracle Solaris Auditing (Tasks)

31.  Oracle Solaris Auditing (Reference)



How Is Auditing Related to Security?

Oracle Solaris auditing helps to detect potential security breaches by revealing suspicious or abnormal patterns of system usage. Oracle Solaris auditing also provides a means to trace suspect actions back to a particular user, thus serving as a deterrent. Users who know that their activities are being audited are less likely to attempt malicious activities.

To protect a computer system, especially a system on a network, requires mechanisms that control activities before system processes or user processes begin. Security requires tools that monitor activities as the activities occur. Security also requires reports of activities after the activities have happened. Initial configuration of Oracle Solaris auditing requires that parameters be set before users log in or system processes begin. Most auditing activities involve monitoring current events and reporting those events that meet the specified parameters. How Oracle Solaris auditing monitors and reports these events is discussed in detail in Chapter 29, Planning for Oracle Solaris Auditing and Chapter 30, Managing Oracle Solaris Auditing (Tasks).

Auditing cannot prevent hackers from unauthorized entry. However, the audit service can report, for example, that a specific user performed specific actions at a specific time and date. The audit report can identify the user by entry path and user name. Such information can be reported immediately to your terminal and to a file for later analysis. Thus, the audit service provides data that helps you determine the following: