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Oracle® Database Mobile Server Mobile Client Guide
Release 11.2

Part Number E29738-01
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2 Installing the Mobile Client

One of the benefits of Oracle Database Mobile Server is that you can have an application downloaded onto a device, where data can be synchronized between the device and the back-end Oracle database. When you install the mobile client, Oracle Database Mobile Server installs the Sync Engine and Device Manager.

Note:

Every mention of the mobile client in this book refers to both the Berkeley DB Mobile Client and the SQLite Mobile Client.

Each mention of Berkeley DB refers to the Berkeley DB SQL interface.

The following sections detail how to install the mobile client software on your client device:

See Chapter 1, "Oracle Database Mobile Server Management" in the Oracle Database Mobile Server Administration and Deployment Guide for information on how to manage functionality from the mobile server.

2.1 Supported Platforms and Requirements for the Mobile Client

The Berkeley DB and SQLite Mobile Clients are certified on the following platforms:

Table 2-1 Supported Platforms for Berkley DB and SQLite

Platform Berkeley DB Mobile Client SQLite Mobile Client

Microsoft Windows XP Professional Edition with Service Pack 3, 32-bit

Yes

Yes

Microsoft Windows 7 (32-bit and 64-bit)

Yes

Yes

Microsoft Windows 2003 (64-bit)

Yes

Yes

Microsoft Windows 2008 R2 (64-bit)

Yes

Yes

Oracle Enterprise Linux 5.0, or 6.0 containing Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel (32-bit and 64-bit)

Yes

Yes

OpenSUSE 12 (64-bit)

Yes

Yes

Ubuntu 11 (64-bit)

Yes

Yes

Fedora 16 (64-bit)

Yes

Yes

Windows Mobile 5.0, 6.0 and 6.5

Yes

Yes

* Android 2.2, 2.3, 3.1 and 4.0

Yes

Yes

Blackberry RIM 5.0 and 6.0

No

Yes

Java SE 1.6 and 1.7

Yes

Yes

Java ME (OJEC 1.1)

Yes

No


Note:

BDB client is not supported on Android 2.2.

You can also install Berkley DB on Windows Mobile 5.0 and Berkeley DB and SQLite Mobile Clients on the Microsoft Windows Mobile 6 and 6.5 platforms.

Note:

You can configure only one device for a particular user. For example, it is not possible to have two devices both executing the mobile client for the user JOHN.

Automatic synchronization and device management are available on most mobile client platforms. Table 2-2 displays what features are available on which platforms.

Table 2-2 Feature Support for Client Platforms

Platform Automatic Synchronization Device management through the DM Agent

Windows Mobile

Yes

Yes

Win32

Yes

Yes

Linux

Yes

Yes

Android

Yes

Yes

Blackberry

No

No

Java SE 1.6 and 1.7

Yes

No

Java ME (OJEC 1.1)

Yes

No


2.1.1 Certified Operating Systems and Other Software Requirements

The following tables detail the requirements for the client platforms on which you may install the mobile client. The requirements do not include requirements for either client database, but are only the requirements for the mobile client including the Sync Engine and Device Manager.

Table 2-3 BlackBerry and Android Platform Requirements

Platform Minimum Storage for Mobile Client

BlackBerry

100 KB

Android

100 KB


Table 2-4 Software Requirements for Mobile Clients

Device Platform Certified Operating System Other Software Requirements

Win32

Minimum storage needed for mobile client is 2,756 KB.

Windows 2003, Windows 2008, Windows XP Professional Edition with Service Pack 2, Windows 7

If using Java APIs for synchronization, use Oracle JDK 1.6 or 1.7

If implementing any .NET applications, use Compact Framework .NET 1.1 or 2.0

Windows Mobile

Windows Mobile 5

Windows Mobile 6

Windows Mobile 6.5

If using Java APIs for synchronization, use Oracle JDK 1.6.

ActiveSync version 4.5 or higher.

Microsoft.NET Compact Framework 3.5


You should install all of the patches required for the JDK for the Windows operating system. This is constantly under review and published on the JDK download page on the Oracle Java Web site.

2.1.2 Supported and Certified Technologies for Native Mobile Clients

The following are the supported and certified technologies for native mobile clients:

Note:

Ensure that after you install the required software, the appropriate directories are included in the PATH. For example, after you install the JDK, ensure that the JAVA_HOME/bin is included in the PATH.

ADO.Net is supported for both the Berkeley DB and SQLite Mobile Clients. For more information on ADO.Net support, see the following URL:

http://system.data.sqlite.org/index.html/doc/trunk/www/features.wiki

Table 2-5 Supported and Certified Technologies for Native Mobile Clients

Device Platform Supported Technologies Certified Technologies

Win32

  • ADO.Net

  • JDBC

  • ODBC

Oracle JDK 1.6 or 1.7

Windows Mobile

  • Microsoft ActiveSync version 4.1 or higher.

  • ADO.Net

  • JDBC

  • ODBC

Oracle JDK 1.6 or 1.7

Linux

  • JDBC

  • ODBC

Oracle JDK 1.6 or 1.7


Table 2-6 Pocket PC and Windows Mobile Supported Platforms

Product Name WinCE Version Chipsets Mobile Client CAB File

Windows Mobile 6

5.2.1236

ARMV4I

PPC60 ARMV4I, <mobile_client>.cab

Windows Mobile 6.5

5.2.23090

ARMV4I

PPC60 ARMV4I, <mobile_client>.cab

Windows Mobile 5

5.1.1700

ARMV4I

PPC50 ARMV4I, <mobile_client>.cab


Table 2-7 Supported and Certified Technologies for Java Clients

Pure Java Clients Device Platform Supported Technologies Certified Technologies

Java SE 1.6 or 1.7

JDBC

BDB 11.5.2

BDB JDBC

Java ME (CDC 1.1)

JSR169

OJEC 1.1


2.2 Preparing the Device for a Mobile Application

To execute mobile applications on a device, do the following:

  1. Install the mobile client software that is appropriate for the client platform on your client machine. For example, install the SQLite WIN32 on a Windows 32 client machine.

    See Section 2.3, "Installing the Mobile Client" for a full description.

  2. Download the user applications and its associated data.

    Synchronize the mobile client for the first time. Sign in with the user name/password of the mobile user who owns the mobile applications. The data for each application is retrieved.

    Notes:

    For the restrictions on creating the user name and password, see Section 4.3.1.2.1, "Define User Name and Password" in the Oracle Database Mobile Server Administration and Deployment Guide.

    For more information about synchronization, see Chapter 5, "Managing Synchronization" in the Oracle Database Mobile Server Administration and Deployment Guide.

  3. You can now launch your applications from your client machine or from your mobile device.

2.3 Installing the Mobile Client

The following sections provide directions for the mobile client install:

We do not support the following configuration scenarios:

2.3.1 Installing the Mobile Client on Blackberry Devices

To install the mobile client on Blackberry devices, perform the following:

Note:

Applications cannot be downloaded to your Blackberry device from the mobile server, since device management is not supported for this device. You must download all applications to your Blackberry device as documented on the Blackberry Web site at http://www.blackberry.com.
  1. On the Blackberry device, open a browser to point to the mobile server setup page using the following URL.

    http://<mobile_server>:<port>/mobile/setup

    Note:

    Substitute https if using HTTP over SSL.

    Figure 2-10 displays the mobile client setup page, which contains links to install mobile client software for multiple languages. You can select another language than English on the Language pulldown.

  2. Click the mobile client for your language and the Blackberry client platform. This downloads and installs the mobile client.

  3. Perform a manual synchronization for the mobile client.

  4. Synchronization requires you to enter the user name and password for the mobile user. During the first synchronization, all data for this user is brought down and installed on your mobile device.

    Note:

    For the restrictions on creating the user name and password, see Section 4.3.1.2.1, "Define User Name and Password" in the Oracle Database Mobile Server Administration and Deployment Guide.

2.3.2 Installing the Mobile Client on Android Devices

To install the mobile client on Android devices, perform the following:

  1. On the Android device, open a browser to point to the mobile server setup page using the following URL.

    http://<mobile_server>:<port>/mobile/setup

    Note:

    Substitute https if using HTTP over SSL.

    Figure 2-1 displays the mobile client setup page, which contains links to install mobile client software for multiple languages. You can select another language than English on the Language pulldown.

    Figure 2-1 Mobile Client Setup Page


  2. Click the mobile client for your language and the Android client platform. This downloads the setup.apk for SQLite Android client and setup_bdb.apk for BDB Android client.

  3. Bootstrap the setup_bdb.apk or setup.apk to install BDB Android or SQLite Android on the Android device. If you want to install the Oracle setup application, click the "Install" button when the system prompts you (see Figure 2-2).

    Figure 2-2 Android Mobile Client Setup Page


  4. Figure 2-3 shows that the Oracle Setup application is installed successfully. Click the "Open" button to run the Oracle Setup application.

    Figure 2-3 Android Setup Apllication Installed Page


  5. Figure 2-4 shows that the invocation of Oracle Setup application prompts you to input mobile user name, mobile user password and mobile server URL for registration purpose.

    Input the necessary information and click OK.

    Figure 2-4 Android Device Registration Page


  6. The Oracle Setup application will download two other applications on the Android device - Oracle DMAgent and Oracle Update, and will install them one by one.

  7. Oracle Setup downloads Oracle DMAgent application to the Android device and installs it. Click the "Install" button in Figure 2-5 to install Oracle DMAgent application.

    Figure 2-5 Install Oracle Android DMAgent Application Page


  8. Figure 2-6 shows that the Oracle DMAgent application is installed successfully, Click the "Open" button to run the Oracle DMAgent application.

    Figure 2-6 Oracle DMAgent Application Installed Page


  9. When Oracle DMAgent starts, it displays information like Mobile Device Type (BDB Android or SQLite Android), Processor, Language, the software version of the Oracle Android Device Manager, the User Name, the Device Name, the Mobile Device Id and the Mobile Server URL, as Figure 2-7 Oracle Android Device Manager page demonstrates.

    Click OK to confirm this information.

    Figure 2-7 Oracle Android Device Manager Page


  10. Oracle Setup also downloads Oracle Update application to the Android device and installs it. Click the "Install" button in Figure 2-8 to install Oracle Update application.

    Figure 2-8 Install Oracle Update Application Page


  11. Figure 2-9 shows Oracle Update application installed successfully. Click "Open" button to invoke the Oracle Update application.

    Figure 2-9 Oracle Update Application Installed Page


  12. The Oracle Update application will prompt you of any available software or application update. You can select to install or skip to install.

  13. The Oracle Setup execution completes after downloading and installing Oracle DMAgent and Oracle Update applications.

  14. The Oracle Mobile Sync application is not deployed on Android devices (unlike native clients) because of Android's data access per application restriction.

    Thus, the instructions for installing the Oracle Mobile Sync application on Android devices is presented with an example of creating and downloading the Oracle Mobile Sync application on a Android device, which is provided in Chapter 4.

    Note:

    Android platforms require that any software downloaded to the device is digitally signed with a certificate whose private key is held by the application's developer.

    This means, that you cannot simply download and install the mobile client binaries unless they are downloaded within the context of a signed application.

2.3.3 Installing the Mobile Client for Win32, Windows Mobile or Linux

Before you install the mobile client on your device, make sure that there is 1 MB of space available to download the setup.exe.

Note:

Before installing the mobile client on a Linux platform, set MOBILE_CLIENT_HOME environment variable to the desired mobile client installation directory (default is: ~/mobileclient). Also, set environment variables PATH and LD_LIBRARY_PATH to include $MOBILE_CLIENT_HOME/bin.

To install the mobile client software, perform the following tasks.

Note:

Any developer can modify how the client is installed before the installation with the INF file. For details on how to customize your Win32, Windows Mobile or Linux client, see Section 7.1, "Customize the Mobile Client Software Installation for Your Mobile Device" in the Oracle Database Mobile Server Administration and Deployment Guide.
  1. On the mobile client, open a browser to point to the mobile server using the following URL.

    http://<mobile_server>:<port>/mobile/setup

    Note:

    Substitute https if using HTTP over SSL.

    Figure 2-10 displays the mobile client setup page, which contains links to install mobile client software for multiple platforms and languages.

    • Language: Select a language other than English on the Language pulldown. English is the default.

    • Platform: Choose to see all available platforms for the indicated language.

    Client platforms are provided in the mobile client setup page. These client CAB files are optimized for size to minimize the footprint on your device.

    Figure 2-10 Mobile Client Setup Page

    Mobile Client Setup
    Description of "Figure 2-10 Mobile Client Setup Page"

    Note:

    Available clients may differ from what is shown above.
  2. Click the mobile client for your language and client platform.

  3. The Save As dialog box appears. The file name field displays the setup executable file for the selected platform as a .exe file type on Windows and Windows Mobile platform and a batch file type on Linux platform. Save the executable file to a directory on the client machine.

    Note:

    For Windows Mobile, install any of the Oracle Database Mobile Server Windows Mobile platforms to ActiveSync. Then, when the device is put into the cradle, ActiveSync installs the Oracle Database Mobile Server on the device when it synchronizes.
  4. Install the mobile client. For all platforms, except installing Windows Mobile on ActiveSync, go to the directory where you saved the setup executable file. Double-click the file to execute it.

  5. Enter the user name and password for the mobile user.

    Note:

    For the restrictions on creating the user name and password, see Section 4.3.1.2.1, "Define User Name and Password" in the Oracle Database Mobile Server Administration and Deployment Guide.
  6. You may be required to select the type of privilege under which to install the mobile client. This may already be designated by the administrator in the INF file before installation or the current user may have a privilege that defaults to a certain privilege for the installation.

    • All Users—The user installing this mobile client has administrator privileges and can install the mobile client.

    • Current User—Selecting this option designates that the user does not have administrator privileges, but can install and use the mobile client as a single user.

    Note:

    For details on how to designate the user privilege and for more information on user installation types, see Section 7.1, "Customize the Mobile Client Software Installation for Your Mobile Device" in the Oracle Database Mobile Server Administration and Deployment Guide.

    Figure 2-11 Select Installation Privileges

    installation privilege
    Description of "Figure 2-11 Select Installation Privileges"

  7. Provide the client directory name where to install the mobile client.

  8. Once installed, synchronize the mobile client for the first time. During the first synchronization, all applications and data for this user is brought down and installed on your mobile client.

  9. Each platform has further steps. See Table 2-8 for a description of the steps for each platform.

    Note:

    See Section 2.5, "Configuring for Automatic Synchronization When Installing the Client" for directions on how to enable a default synchronization after any client installation on your device.

Table 2-8 Initializing the First Synchronization for Each Mobile Client Platform

Mobile Client Initial Synchronization Details

Windows Mobile

Perform the following steps.

  1. If you install the Windows Mobile platform through ActiveSync, insert the Windows Mobile device in the cradle. ActiveSync performs a synchronization to install Oracle Database Mobile Server on the device.

  2. After the mobile client is installed on the device, start the Device Manager Agent on the device either by selecting Device Manager in the programs group or by executing dmagent.exe, which is in the orace directory.

  3. Enter the user name and password. If the mobile server URL field is empty, provide the URL as well.

    You can either enter the complete URL of the mobile server, the IP address and port number of the mobile server, or hostname and port number of the mobile server. If left off, the prefix "http://" is added automatically. Only use the hostname if the device is properly configured to use DNS name resolution. Otherwise, enter the IP address.

The device is now registered with the mobile server and ready to be used.

All other platforms

Perform the following steps.

  1. Locate the directories where you installed the runtime libraries, and launch the Mobile Sync application.

  2. The mSync dialog appears. Enter the user name and password of the mobile user. If you do not know your user name and password, ask your system administrator, who creates users and assigns passwords to each user. In the Server field, enter the URL for your mobile server. Click Apply and click Sync.


2.3.4 Installing the Mobile Client for Java SE

To install the mobile client for Java SE, perform the following:

Note:

Mobile client for Java SE does not include device management component. Therefore, applications cannot be deployed by the mobile client for Java SE.
  1. Open a browser to point to the mobile server setup page using the following URL:

    http://<mobile_server>:<port>/mobile/setup

    Figure 2-10 displays the mobile client setup page, which contains links to install mobile client software for multiple languages.

    Note:

    The Java SE mobile client includes NLS resources for all supported locales in one jar archive.
  2. Click the Java Sync client platform and download osync_se.jar archive. This archive contains the pure Java synchronization client for BDB and SQLite jdbc drivers.

    Note:

    The jdbc drivers are not included with the client. They need to be installed and configured separately. Download the appropriate drivers supported on your particular platform.

    The synchronization APIs (refer to Section 3.1.1. "OSE Synchronization API for Applications on Mobile Clients" in the Developer's Guide, can be invoked from your own Java application, or you can use the included sync class: oracle.opensync.tools.OSync

    For usage details, refer to Section 3.4, "Use oracle.opensync.tools.OSync to Initiate Synchronization".

2.3.5 Installing the Mobile Client for Java ME

The Java ME sync client is included with the MDK installation. It is located in:

<MOBILE_HOME>\Mobile\Sdk\j2me\ojec\osync_me.jar

Install this archive in your J2ME environment.

Note:

The sync client also needs JSR169 implementation on top of SQLite engine.

If you are using Oracle Java Embeded Client (OJEC 1.1), JSR169 drivers for BDB are bundled with it; therefore in this case, no external JDBC drivers needed.

Note:

J2ME CDC 1.1 spec (based on JDK 1.4 JCE) does not include RSA Ciphers which are needed for the encryption support on the mobile client.

You need to install a JCE provider with support for RSA cyphers. For example, you can use BouncyCastle JCE provider for JDK 1.4. In the case of OJEC 1.1, the JCE povider archive needs to be installed at the cvm lib\ext directory. Also, lib/security/java.security file needs to be modified to include the following line:

security.provider.[n]=org.bouncycastle.jce.provider.BouncyCastleProvider

Where n is a sequential number following the last number in the list of the existing providers already included in the file.

Once all the necessary archives are installed, the sync client can be invoked either from your application by using Java sync APIs (for information, see Chapter 4.1.1.1 of the dev guide) or by invoking a command line tool:

./bin/cvm -Xbootclasspath/a:./lib/sqlite.jar:./lib/jdbc.jar:./lib/jsr280.jar -Dsun.boot.library.path=./lib -classpath ./lib/osync_me.jar oracle.opensync.tools.OSync <USER_NAME> <PASSWORD> <SERVER_IP:SERVER_PORT e.g. 127.0.0.1:7001> -param OSE.FILES=YES

2.4 Configuring the Location of Mobile Client and Database Files

The location of the client database is determined by the DATA_DIRECTORY parameter in the OSE.INI file.

The following shows an example of configuring the client database directory on a Win32 platform:

SQLITE.DATA_DIRECTORY=C:\mobileclient\sqlite

For more details on this parameter, see Appendix A, "DATA_DIRECTORY".

2.5 Configuring for Automatic Synchronization When Installing the Client

In the default configuration, mobile clients do not automatically synchronize after you install the client. However, for Win32, Windows Mobile or Linux platforms, you can modify your configuration to automatically synchronize each client after it is installed, as follows:

  1. Logon to the mobile server as an administrator and launch the Mobile Manager tool.

  2. Click on Mobile Devices, followed by Administration.

  3. Click on Command Management.

  4. Edit the Command Device Info (Retrieve device information).

  5. Insert 'Synchronize' as a Selected Command and click Apply to accept the changes.

See Section 7.5, "Sending Commands to Your Mobile Devices" in the Oracle Database Mobile Server Administration and Deployment Guide for more details on sending commands to your mobile device.

2.6 Uninstalling the Mobile Client

The following sections provide directions for the mobile client uninstall:

2.6.1 Uninstalling the Native Mobile Client

When you want to uninstall the mobile client, execute the uninst executable that is located in the install directory for the mobile client

2.6.2 Uninstalling the Android Client

Follow below steps to uninstall mobile client on Android device:.

  1. Select Oracle DMAgent, and click "Options..." button in Figure 2-12.

    Figure 2-12 Oracle Android Device Manager Screen


  2. Click "De-install" button in Figure 2-13.

    Figure 2-13 De-Install Oracle Android Device Manager


  3. Select Yes" to question in Figure 2-14 and all following questions.

    Figure 2-14 De-installation Process