2.9 Creating a Local Yum Repository Using an ISO Image

Note

The system must have sufficient storage space to host a full Oracle Linux Media Pack DVD image (approximately 3.5 GB for Oracle Linux Release 6 Update 3).

To create a local yum repository (for example, if a system does not have Internet access):

  1. On a system with Internet access, download a full Oracle Linux DVD image from the Oracle Software Delivery Cloud at http://edelivery.oracle.com/linux onto removable storage (such as a USB memory stick). For example, V33411-01.iso contains the Oracle Linux Release 6 Update 3 Media Pack for x86 (64 bit).

  2. Transfer the removable storage to the system on which you want to create a local yum repository, and copy the DVD image to a directory in a local file system.

    # cp /media/USB_stick/V33411-01.iso /ISOs
  3. Create a suitable mount point, for example /var/OSimage/OL6.3_x86_64, and mount the DVD image on it.

    # mkdir -p /var/OSimage/OL6.3_x86_64
    # mount -o loop /ISOs/V33411-01.iso /var/OSimage/OL6.3_x86_64
  4. Create an entry in /etc/fstab so that the system always mounts the DVD image after a reboot.

    /ISOs/V33411-01.iso /var/OSimage/OL6.3_x86_64 loop defaults 0 0
  5. In the /etc/yum.repos.d directory, edit the existing repository files, such as public-yum-ol6.repo or ULN-base.repo, and disable all entries by setting enabled=0.

  6. Create the following entries in a new repository file (for example, /etc/yum.repos.d/OL63.repo).

    [OL63]
    name=Oracle Linux 6.3 x86_64
    baseurl=file:///var/OSimage/OL6.3_x86_64
    gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY
    gpgcheck=1 
    enabled=1 

  7. Clean up the yum cache.

    # yum clean all
  8. Test that you can use yum to access the repository.

    # yum repolist
    Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, security
    ...
    repo id                          repo name                                status
    OL63                             Oracle Linux 6.3 x86_64                  25,459
    repolist: 25,459