Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Tuning with the Oracle Tuning Pack
Release 9.0.1

Part Number A86647-01


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Initial Configuration

Initial configuration implies that database attributes and parameters must be formed prior to building the desired database. However, that is not necessarily the easiest method to use.

When you use Oracle Expert to help configure a new database, you should allow the Oracle Server to create a default instance of the database and then build upon that implementation. By allowing creation of a default database, you enable Oracle Expert to acquire automatically much of the needed information regarding your database.

This chapter describes the following:

Advantages of Using Oracle Expert for Initial Configuration

When you use Oracle Expert for initial configuration tuning, Oracle Expert can provide more appropriate instance parameters for the database than the Oracle Server default instance parameters. Oracle Expert takes the following data into account before recommending instance parameters for the database you are creating:

Oracle Expert analyzes all this data before providing instance parameter recommendations. Oracle Expert makes better recommendations when provided with complete and accurate system, database class, and tuning session data.

Configuring a New Database

Initial configuration allows you to start with a newly created Oracle database and quickly customize the database for your environment. As additional information about the environment becomes available, use Oracle Expert to further tune the database.

Performing Initial Configuration for a Database

Perform the following steps:

  1. Discover the database from the Oracle Enterprise Manager console.

  2. Select the database you want to tune from the Oracle Expert tree list.

  3. Create a new tuning session by choosing File=>New.

    1. To change the default name of the tuning session, click on the default name and type in the new name.

    2. On the Scope page, select instance tuning category.

    3. In the Tuning Session Characteristics section of the Scope page, choose the type of application (OLTP, Data Warehousing, Multipurpose) you expect to run against the database. Adjust the other business characteristics according to the type of database you want.

  4. On the Review page of the tuning session window, do the following:

    1. Click on the System folder. Choose Edit=>Add. For the Name attribute, type in the name of the system where the instance will run. Supply the most accurate values you can for the memory, CPU, and operating page size parameters. Click the OK button to save the values.

    2. Click on the new system icon. Choose Edit=>Modify. On the Rules page, supply the most accurate value you can for the "Default concurrent sessions" rule.

    3. Click on the Database object, choose Edit=>Modify and enter the values for the attributes that do not contain values.

    4. Click on the Instance object, choose Edit=>Modify and enter the name of the system object you just created for the instance's System attribute. Also, enter values for attributes that do not contain values. Click the OK button to save the values you added.

  5. On the Recommendations page of the tuning session window, click the Generate button. Oracle Expert evaluates the system, instance, database, and business characteristics to determine appropriate settings for the INIT.ORA file.

  6. On the Scripts page of the tuning session window, click the Generate button to create the INIT.ORA file.

  7. Update your database's INIT.ORA file, using the entries in the INIT.ORA generated by Oracle Expert.

Improving the Initial Configuration of the Database

Once you have performed the initial configuration of your new database, improve on the initial configuration by performing the following steps:

  1. After the database is up and running, provide Oracle Expert with schema and workload data.

  2. Collect instance statistics while requests from a representative workload are accessing the database. These instance tuning recommendations will be better than the initial instance tuning recommendations.

Now that the instance has been tuned, Oracle Expert will be able to provide good results when you perform application tuning and structure tuning.

User-Provided Information

Providing accurate information about the following aspects of your database helps Oracle Expert generate a good initial configuration:

If you cannot provide an exact value for some of these items, you can specify a range of values using control parameters, and Oracle Expert will use this data to make initial configuration recommendations. In some cases, Oracle Expert can make initial configuration recommendations for part of your database even when you are unable to provide all the previously mentioned information.

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