Oracle8i Application Developer's Guide - XML
Release 3 (8.1.7)

Part Number A86030-01


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XDK for C++: Specifications and Cheat Sheet, 6 of 8

XML Parser for C++: XSLT API

XSLT is a language for tranforming XML documents into other XML documents. It is designed for use as part of XSL, which is a stylesheet language for XML. In addition to XSLT, XSL includes an XML vocabulary for specifying formatting. XSL specifies the styling of an XML document by using XSLT to describe how the document is transformed into another XML document that uses the formatting vocabulary.

XSLT is also designed to be used independently of XSL. However, XSLT is not intended as a completely general-purpose XML transformation language. Rather it is designed primarily for the kinds of transformation that are needed when XSLT is used as part of XSL.

A transformation expressed in XSLT describes rules for transforming a source tree into a result tree. The transformation is achieved by associating patterns with templates. A pattern is matched against elements in the source tree. A template is instantiated to create part of the result tree. The result tree is separate from the source tree. The structure of the result tree can be completely different from the structure of the source tree. In constructing the result tree, elements from the source tree can be filtered and reordered, and arbitrary structure can be added.


A transformation expressed in XSLT is called a stylesheet. This is because, in the case when XSLT is transforming into the XSL formatting vocabulary, the transformation functions as a stylesheet.

A stylesheet contains a set of template rules. A template rule has two parts:

How StylesheetTemplates are Processed

A template is instantiated for a particular source element to create part of the result tree. A template can contain elements that specify literal result element structure. A template can also contain elements from the XSLT namespace that are instructions for creating result tree fragments. When a template is instantiated, each instruction is executed and replaced by the result tree fragment that it creates.

Instructions can select and process descendant source elements. Processing a descendant element creates a result tree fragment by finding the applicable template rule and instantiating its template. Note that elements are only processed when they have been selected by the execution of an instruction. The result tree is constructed by finding the template rule for the root node and instantiating its template.

A software module called an XSL processor reads XML documents and transforms them into other XML documents with different styles.

XML Parser for C++ implementation of the XSL processor follows the XSL Transformations standard (version 1.0, November 16, 1999) and includes the required behavior of an XSL processor as specified in the XSLT specification.

Table E-4 lists the XSLProcessor class methods and syntax summary.

Table E-4 XML Parser for C++: XSLProcessor Class
Class  Method 


This class contains top-level methods for invoking the XSL processor.  


Processes an XSL stylesheet with an XML document source.


uword xslprocess(XMLParser *docctx, XMLParser *xslctx, XMLParser *resctx, Node **result);


docctx (IN/OUT) -- The XML document context

xslctx (IN) -- The XSL stylesheet context

resctx (IN) -- The result document fragment context

result (IN/OUT) -- The result document fragment node  

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