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Oracle9i Database Getting Started
Release 2 (9.2) for Windows

Part Number A95490-01
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This guide is your primary source of introductory and reference information for Oracle9i for Windows for both client and server. Differences between product versions are noted where appropriate.

This guide describes only the features of Oracle9i for Windows software that apply to the Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows XP, and Windows 98 operating systems. Information on Oracle9i Personal Edition software on Windows 98 is not covered in this guide.

This preface contains these topics:


Oracle9i Database Getting Started for Windows is intended for:

To use this document, you need:


This document contains:

"What's New in Oracle9i for Windows"

Oracle9i release 2 (9.2) adds support for very large memory configurations and User Migration Utility, a new command-line tool. Oracle9i release 1 (9.0.1) added support for Windows XP Professional Edition, enhanced integration with Windows, and improvements in Database Configuration Assistant and Oracle Internet Directory administration. Server Manager and CONNECT INTERNAL were desupported in Oracle9i release 1 (9.0.1).

Chapter 1, "Introduction"

This chapter explains how different groups of users can use this document together with Oracle9i Database Administrator's Guide for Windows and Oracle9i Security and Network Integration Guide.

Chapter 2, "Oracle9i Windows/UNIX Differences"

This chapter compares features of Oracle9i Database for Windows and UNIX. This information may be helpful to Oracle developers and database administrators moving from UNIX to Windows platforms.

Chapter 3, "Using Oracle9i on Windows 2000"

This chapter highlights differences between Windows 2000 and Windows NT, with emphasis on procedures for common database tasks.

Chapter 4, "Oracle9i Architecture on Windows"

This chapter describes how Oracle9i architecture takes advantage of some of the more advanced services in the Windows operating system.

Chapter 5, "Database Tools Overview"

This chapter provides a list of preferred and optional tools you can use to perform common database administration tasks.

Chapter 6, "Multiple Oracle Homes and Optimal Flexible Architecture"

This chapter describes how to use multiple Oracle homes and an Optimal Flexible Architecture (OFA) configuration for placement of database files.

Chapter 7, "Oracle9i Services on Windows"

This chapter describes Windows services in general and Oracle9i Database Windows services in particular.

Chapter 8, "Oracle9i Default Accounts and Passwords"

This chapter describes usernames and passwords included in the starter Oracle9i Database.

Chapter 9, "Configuration Parameters and the Registry"

This chapter describes the use of the registry for various Oracle components. In addition, this chapter lists the recommended values and ranges for configuration parameters.

Chapter 10, "Developing Applications for Windows"

This chapter points to sources of information on developing applications for Windows and outlines a procedure for building and debugging external procedures.

Appendix A, "Error Messages"

This appendix lists error messages, causes, and corrective actions that are specific to the operation of Oracle9i for Windows.

Appendix B, "Getting Started with Your Documentation"

This appendix describes the contents of your Oracle documentation set.


Related Documentation

This guide is part of a set for developers and database administrators using Oracle9i on Windows. The other guides in the set are:

For information on the components available in your Oracle9i installation type, see your Oracle9i Database Installation Guide for Windows.

For Oracle product information that is applicable to all operating systems, see your Oracle9i Online Documentation Library CD-ROM for Windows. Many of the examples in the documentation set use the sample schemas of the seed database, which is installed by default when you install Oracle. Refer to Oracle9i Sample Schemas for information on how these schemas were created and how you can use them yourself.

If you are not familiar with object-relational database management concepts, see Oracle9i Database Concepts.

In North America, printed documentation is available for sale in the Oracle Store at

Customers in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa (EMEA) can purchase documentation from

Other customers can contact their Oracle representative to purchase printed documentation.

To download free release notes, installation documentation, white papers, or other collateral, please visit the Oracle Technology Network (OTN). You must register online before using OTN; registration is free and can be done at

If you already have a username and password for OTN, then you can go directly to the documentation section of the OTN Web site at

To access the database documentation search engine directly, please visit


This section describes the conventions used in the text and code examples of this documentation set. It describes:

Conventions in Text

We use various conventions in text to help you more quickly identify special terms. The following table describes those conventions and provides examples of their use.

Convention Meaning Example


Bold typeface indicates terms that are defined in the text or terms that appear in a glossary, or both.

When you specify this clause, you create an index-organized table.


Italic typeface indicates book titles or emphasis.

Oracle9i Database Concepts

Ensure that the recovery catalog and target database do not reside on the same disk.

UPPERCASE monospace (fixed-width) font

Uppercase monospace typeface indicates elements supplied by the system. Such elements include parameters, privileges, datatypes, RMAN keywords, SQL keywords, SQL*Plus or utility commands, packages and methods, as well as system-supplied column names, database objects and structures, usernames, and roles.

You can specify this clause only for a NUMBER column.

You can back up the database by using the BACKUP command.

Query the TABLE_NAME column in the USER_TABLES data dictionary view.


lowercase monospace (fixed-width) font

Lowercase monospace typeface indicates executables, filenames, directory names, and sample user-supplied elements. Such elements include computer and database names, net service names, and connect identifiers, as well as user-supplied database objects and structures, column names, packages and classes, usernames and roles, program units, and parameter values.

Note: Some programmatic elements use a mixture of UPPERCASE and lowercase. Enter these elements as shown.

Enter sqlplus to open SQL*Plus.

The password is specified in the orapwd file.

Back up the datafiles and control files in the /disk1/oracle/dbs directory.

The department_id, department_name, and location_id columns are in the hr.departments table.

Set the QUERY_REWRITE_ENABLED initialization parameter to true.

Connect as oe user.

The JRepUtil class implements these methods.

lowercase italic monospace (fixed-width) font

Lowercase italic monospace font represents placeholders or variables.

You can specify the parallel_clause.

Run Uold_release.SQL where old_release refers to the release you installed prior to upgrading.

Conventions in Code Examples

Code examples illustrate SQL, PL/SQL, SQL*Plus, or other command-line statements. They are displayed in a monospace (fixed-width) font and separated from normal text as shown in this example:

SELECT username FROM dba_users WHERE username = 'MIGRATE';

The following table describes typographic conventions used in code examples and provides examples of their use.

Convention Meaning Example
[ ]

Brackets enclose one or more optional items. Do not enter the brackets.

DECIMAL (digits [ , precision ])
{ }

Braces enclose two or more items, one of which is required. Do not enter the braces.


A vertical bar represents a choice of two or more options within brackets or braces. Enter one of the options. Do not enter the vertical bar.


Horizontal ellipsis points indicate either:

  • That we have omitted parts of the code that are not directly related to the example

  • That you can repeat a portion of the code

CREATE TABLE ... AS subquery;

SELECT col1, col2, ... , coln FROM 

Vertical ellipsis points indicate that we have omitted several lines of code not directly related to the example.

9 rows selected.

Other notation

You must enter symbols other than brackets, braces, vertical bars, and ellipsis points as shown.

acctbal NUMBER(11,2);
acct    CONSTANT NUMBER(4) := 3;

Italicized text indicates placeholders or variables for which you must supply particular values.

CONNECT SYSTEM/system_password
DB_NAME = database_name


Uppercase typeface indicates elements supplied by the system. We show these terms in uppercase in order to distinguish them from terms you define. Unless terms appear in brackets, enter them in the order and with the spelling shown. However, because these terms are not case sensitive, you can enter them in lowercase.

SELECT last_name, employee_id FROM 
DROP TABLE hr.employees;

Lowercase typeface indicates programmatic elements that you supply. For example, lowercase indicates names of tables, columns, or files.

Note: Some programmatic elements use a mixture of UPPERCASE and lowercase. Enter these elements as shown.

SELECT last_name, employee_id FROM 
sqlplus hr/hr

Conventions for Windows Operating Systems

The following table describes conventions for Windows operating systems and provides examples of their use.

Convention Meaning Example

Choose Start >

How to start a program. For example, to start Database Configuration Assistant, you must click the Start button on the taskbar and then choose Programs > Oracle - HOME_NAME > Configuration and Migration Tools > Database Configuration Assistant.

Choose Start > Programs > Oracle - HOME_NAME > Configuration and Migration Tools > Database Configuration Assistant

File and Directory Names

File and directory names are not case sensitive. The special characters <, >, :, ", /, |, and - are not allowed. The special character \ is treated as an element separator, even when it appears in quotes. If the file name begins with \\, Windows assumes it uses the Universal Naming Convention.

c:\winnt"\"system32 is the same as C:\WINNT\SYSTEM32


Represents the Windows command prompt of the current hard disk drive. The escape character in a command prompt is "^". Your prompt reflects the subdirectory in which you are working. Referred to as the command prompt in this guide.


Special characters

The backslash special character (\) is sometimes required as an escape character for the double quote (") special character at the Windows command prompt. Parentheses and the single quote special character (') do not require an escape character. See your Windows operating system documentation for more information on escape and special characters.

C:\>exp scott/tiger TABLES=emp QUERY=\"WHERE job='SALESMAN' and sal<1600\"

C:\>imp SYSTEM/password FROMUSER=scott TABLES=(emp, dept)


Represents the Oracle home name.

The home name can be up to 16 alphanumeric characters. The only special character allowed in the home name is the underscore.

C:\> net start OracleHOME_NAMETNSListener


In releases prior to Oracle8i release 8.1.3, when you installed Oracle components, all subdirectories were located under a top level ORACLE_HOME directory that by default was:

  • C:\orant for Windows NT

  • C:\orawin98 for Windows 98

or whatever you called your Oracle home.

This release complies with Optimal Flexible Architecture (OFA) guidelines. All subdirectories are not under a top level ORACLE_HOME directory. There is a top level directory called ORACLE_BASE that by default is C:\oracle. If you install the latest Oracle release on a computer with no other Oracle software installed, then the default setting for the first Oracle home directory is C:\oracle\orann where nn is the latest release number. The Oracle home directory is located directly under ORACLE_BASE.

All directory path examples in this guide follow OFA conventions.

See Chapter 6, "Multiple Oracle Homes and Optimal Flexible Architecture" for additional information on OFA compliance and for information on installing Oracle products in non-OFA compliant directories.

Go to the ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\rdbms\admin directory.

Documentation Accessibility

Our goal is to make Oracle products, services, and supporting documentation accessible, with good usability, to the disabled community. To that end, our documentation includes features that make information available to users of assistive technology. This documentation is available in HTML format, and contains markup to facilitate access by the disabled community. Standards will continue to evolve over time, and Oracle Corporation is actively engaged with other market-leading technology vendors to address technical obstacles so that our documentation can be accessible to all of our customers. For additional information, visit the Oracle Accessibility Program Web site at

Accessibility of Code Examples in Documentation

JAWS, a Windows screen reader, may not always correctly read the code examples in this document. The conventions for writing code require that closing braces should appear on an otherwise empty line; however, JAWS may not always read a line of text that consists solely of a bracket or brace.

Accessibility of Links to External Web Sites in Documentation

This documentation may contain links to Web sites of other companies or organizations that Oracle Corporation does not own or control. Oracle Corporation neither evaluates nor makes any representations regarding the accessibility of these Web sites.

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