This chapter includes the following topics:
See Also:Appendix B for help with upgrading to a new release in a Data Guard broker configuration
Oracle Data Guard is included with the Enterprise Edition and Personal Edition of the Oracle database software. You can manage a Data Guard configuration by using either SQL*Plus, the Data Guard broker's command-line interface (DGMGRL), or a compatible version of Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control.
To use DGMGRL, the best practice is to install the Oracle Enterprise Edition or Personal Edition database software on each location you expect to include in broker configurations. You must install a compatible version of Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control to use the Enterprise Manager Web-based user interface for Data Guard.
In addition, to use fast-start failover you must install DGMGRL and run the observer software. Oracle recommends running the observer on a computer system that is separate from the primary and standby systems. To install DGMGRL on the observer computer, use one of the methods described in the following list:
This installation includes DGMGRL but it does not include the Oracle Enterprise Manager agent. This allows you to manage the observer using DGMGRL commands but not Oracle Enterprise Manager. (The Oracle Enterprise Manager agent can be installed separately.)
Install the full Oracle Database 11g software kit.
This installation includes DGMGRL and the Oracle Enterprise Manager agent, allowing you to manage the observer using Oracle Enterprise Manager or DGMGRL commands.
Note:The observer can be run from any platform that supports it, and that platform can be different from the platform of the primary or target standby database.
The primary and standby databases must be using the same version of Oracle Database 11g and each can be installed in either a single-instance or multi-instance environment. The database must be licensed for Oracle Enterprise Edition or Personal Edition.
You must use a server parameter file (SPFILE) to ensure the broker can persistently reconcile values between broker properties and any related initialization parameter values. See Section 4.3.2 for more information.
If any of the databases in the configuration is an Oracle RAC database, you must configure the server parameter file (SPFILE) appropriately for use in an Oracle RAC environment.
See Also:Oracle Real Application Clusters Administration and Deployment Guide for information about initialization files in an Oracle RAC
The value of the
DG_BROKER_START initialization parameter must be set to
TRUE. See Section 3.3 for more information. (Enterprise Manager sets this parameter automatically.)
If any of the databases in the configuration is an Oracle RAC database, you must set up the
n initialization parameters for that database such that they point to the same shared files for all instances of that database. The shared files could be files on a cluster file system, if available, on raw devices, or stored using Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM).
Oracle Net Services network files must be set up on the primary database and on the standby database if you configure an existing standby database into the broker configuration. Enterprise Manager can assist you in creating the network files when creating a standby database.
In a broker configuration, you use the
DGConnectIdentifer property to specify a connect identifier for each database. The connect identifier for a database must:
Allow all other databases in the configuration to reach it.
Allow the database to reach itself.
Allow all instances of an Oracle RAC database to be reached.
Specify a service that all instances dynamically register with the listeners so that connect-time failover on an Oracle RAC database is possible.
Have failover attributes set to allow the primary database's Redo Transport Services to continue shipping redo data to an Oracle RAC standby database, even if the receiving instance of that standby database has failed.
See Also:Oracle Database Net Services Administrator's Guide for more information about connect identifiers
To enable DGMGRL to restart instances during the course of broker operations, a static service must be registered with the local listener of each instance. A static service registration is also required to enable the observer to restart instances as part of automatic reinstatement of the old primary database after a fast-start failover has occurred. By default, the broker assumes a static service name of
db_unique_name_DGMGRL.db_domain and expects the listener has been started with the following content in the
LISTENER = (DESCRIPTION = (ADDRESS_LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=host_name) (PORT=port_num)))) SID_LIST_LISTENER=(SID_LIST=(SID_DESC=(SID_NAME=sid_name) (GLOBAL_DBNAME=db_unique_name_DGMGRL.db_domain) (ORACLE_HOME=oracle_home) (ENVS="TNS_ADMIN=oracle_home/network/admin")))
Alternatively, you can use a different static service name. If you do, be sure to modify the
StaticConnectIdentifier instance-specific property to reflect the static service that has been registered.
You should also be aware of the following additional considerations in an Oracle Clusterware environment:
The static service must be set in the
listener.ora file in the GRID_HOME of all the nodes.
listener.ora parameter in the static service definition must be set to the ORACLE_HOME of the instance, not the GRID_HOME.
listener.ora parameter must be used in the static service definition to explicitly set the TNS_ADMIN environment variable to the appropriate network admin directory, which is usually the network admin directory of the Oracle Home for the Oracle database.
In an Oracle RAC One Node or Policy Managed Oracle RAC environment, the
SID_NAME of each possible instance must be specified in the
SID_NAME of each instance must match the
INSTANCE_NAME database initialization parameter of that instance. In an Oracle RAC One Node or Policy Managed Oracle RAC environment, the default value of the
INSTANCE_NAME parameter is
See Oracle Database Net Services Administrator's Guide for more information about configuring static services
See the My Oracle Support Note 1387859.1 at
http://support.oracle.com for additional information about using static services and the
StaticConnectIdentifier configurable property
You must set the
COMPATIBLE initialization parameter to 10.2.0.1.0 or higher for both the primary and standby databases. However, if you want to take advantage of new Oracle Database 11.2 features, set the
COMPATIBLE parameter to 11.2.0 on all databases within the Data Guard configuration.
COMPATIBLE initialization parameter is set to the same value on both the primary and standby databases. If the values differ, redo transport services may be unable to transmit redo data from the primary database to the standby databases.
Select and configure a redo transport authentication method, as described in Oracle Data Guard Concepts and Administration.
Section 3.3 for more information about preparing and starting Oracle Data Guard broker
Oracle Data Guard Concepts and Administration for more information about setting up network files