Quick Installation Guide for Oracle Web Tier
11g Release 1 (11.1.1)
Oracle Fusion Middleware Quick Installation Guide for Oracle Web Tier 11g Release 1 (11.1.1)
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This document describes how to install and configure Oracle Web Tier Utilities Suite on a single host.
The following topics are covered:
This guide contains instructions for installing and configuring Oracle Web Tier on a single host. Figure 1 illustrates the topology that will be created on your system at the conclusion of this procedure. It also describes the order in which you need to perform certain tasks:
The information in this section is current at the time of publication. For the most current information, refer to:
Oracle Fusion Middleware System Requirements, Prerequisites, and Specifications, available on Oracle Technology Network (OTN):
This document contains information related to hardware and software requirements, minimum disk space and memory requirements, and required system libraries, packages, or patches.
Oracle Fusion Middleware Certification
This document contains information related to supported installation types, platforms, operating systems, databases, JDKs, and third-party products.
Table 1 lists the minimum memory requirements.
When the installer is started, the requirements listed in Table 2 are checked. You will be notified if any of these requirements are not met:
|Category||Minimum or Accepted Value|
At least 150MB
At least 512MB
At least 256 colors
If you are installing Oracle Web Tier on a DHCP host, you must follow the configuration steps in this section for your platform.
On UNIX systems, configure the host to resolve hostnames to the loopback IP address by modifying the
/etc/hosts file to contain the following entries:
127.0.0.1 hostname.domainname hostname 127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain localhost
After doing so, check that the hostname resolves to the loopback IP address by entering the following command:
On Windows systems, install a loopback adapter on the DHCP server (see Section 3.3, "Installing a Loopback Adapter (Windows Only)"). This assigns a local IP address to your computer.
After installing the adapter, add a line to the
%SYSTEMROOT%\system32\drivers\etc\hosts file with the following format, immediately after the
IP_address hostname.domainname hostname
IP_address with the local IP address of the loopback adapter.
To install a loopback adapter on Windows 2003 or Windows XP:
Open the Windows Control Panel.
Windows 2003: Select Start > Control Panel > Add Hardware.
Windows XP: Select Start > Control Panel, then double-click Add Hardware.
In the "Welcome" window, click Next.
In the "Is the hardware connected?" window, select Yes, I have already connected the hardware, then click Next.
In the "The following hardware is already installed on your computer" window, in the list of installed hardware, select Add a new hardware device, then click Next.
In the "The wizard can help you install other hardware" window, select Install the hardware that I manually select from a list, then click Next.
In the "From the list of hardware types, select the type of hardware you are installing" window, select Network adapters, then click Next.
In the "Select Network Adapter" window, make the following selections:
Network Adapter: Microsoft Loopback Adapter
In the "The wizard is ready to install your hardware" window, click Next.
In the "Completing the Add Hardware Wizard" window, click Finish.
If you are using Windows 2003, restart your computer.
Right-click My Network Places on the desktop and choose Properties. This displays the Network Connections Control Panel.
Right-click the connection that was just created. This is usually named "Local Area Connection 2". Choose Properties.
On the "General" tab, select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), then click Properties.
In the "Properties" dialog box, click Use the following IP address and do the following:
IP Address: Enter a non-routable IP for the loopback adapter. Oracle recommends the following non-routable addresses:
192.168.x.x (x is any value between 1 and 255) 10.10.10.10
Subnet mask: Enter
Record the values you entered, which you will need later in this procedure.
Leave all other fields empty.
In the "Local Area Connection 2 Properties" dialog, click OK.
Close Network Connections.
Restart the computer.
To remove a loopback adapter on Windows 2003 or Windows XP:
Start the System Control panel.
Windows 2003: Select Start > Control Panel > System.
Windows XP: Select Start > Control Panel, then double-click System.
In the "Hardware" tab, click Device Manager.
In the "Device Manager" window, expand Network adapters. You should see Microsoft Loopback Adapter.
Right-click Microsoft Loopback Adapter and select Uninstall.
You can install Oracle Web Tier on a non-networked computer, such as a laptop. Because a non-networked computer has no access to other computers, you have to install all the components that you need on the computer.
In addition, you must follow the instructions in Section 3, "Installing on a DHCP Host" to install a loopback adapter and modify the
hosts file on your system.
You can install Oracle Web Tier on a multihomed computer. A multihomed computer is associated with multiple IP addresses. This is typically achieved by having multiple network cards on the computer. Each IP address is associated with a hostname; additionally, you can set up aliases for each hostname.
The installer picks up the fully qualified domain name from the first entry in
/etc/hosts (on UNIX) or
%SYSTEMROOT%\system32\drivers\etc\hosts (on Windows) file. So if your file looks like the following:
127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain localhost 10.222.333.444 myhost1.mycompany.com myhost1 20.222.333.444 devhost2.mycompany.com devhost2
myhost1.mycompany.com would be picked for configuration.
For specific network configuration of a system component, refer to the individual component's configuration documentation.
The Oracle Web Tier installer will present you with two types of installation:
Install and Configure
Install Software - Do Not Configure
The Install and Configure option will install the product binaries in an Oracle Home directory and create and configure your system components in an Oracle Instance directory. After this is complete, you should be able to access your products using the Administration Console or Enterprise Manager to begin configuring and managing your products.
Note:For more information about Oracle Home and Oracle Instance directories, refer to "Oracle Fusion Middleware Directory Structure and Concepts" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Planning Guide.
The Install Software - Do Not Configure option only installs the software binaries in an Oracle Home directory. You must then manually run the Configuration Tool from your
/bin (on UNIX systems) or
\bin (on Windows systems) directory to configure your products before you can use them. This option can be used to quickly create multiple instances of the software that share a common disk.
The instructions in this section describe how to install and configure a single instance of Oracle Web Tier on a single host by choosing the Install and Configure installation type. This will be a non-managed installation, meaning that the products installed will not be associated with a WebLogic domain and will not be managed by Enterprise Manager (EM).
All products in the Oracle Web Tier Utilities Suite will be installed and configured:
Oracle Process Manager Notification (OPMN)
Oracle HTTP Server (OHS)
Oracle Web Cache
To install the Oracle Web Tier Utilities Suite:
Insert the CD-ROM.
Start the installer.
Note:Starting the installer as
rootuser is not supported.
On UNIX systems:
On Windows systems:
Specify Installation Type Screen
Select Install and Configure.
Prerequisite Checks Screen
Specify Installation Location Screen
Specify the directory where you want to install the software. This will be your Oracle Home directory. Runtime components cannot write to this directory. This directory can be located anywhere on your system:
If you specify a directory that does not already exist, then it will be created for you.
If you specify a directory that already exists, then it must be an empty directory.
Configure Components Screen
Select Oracle Web Tier Utilities Suite.
Make sure Associate Selected Components with WebLogic Domain is not selected.
Specify Component Details Screen
Instance Home Location: Specify the directory where you want to create your Oracle Instance. This will be your Oracle Instance directory; runtime components will write only to this location.
Instance Name: Specify a unique name for this instance of Oracle Web Tier (for example,
instance2). Valid instance names may only contain alphanumeric and underscore (_) characters, must begin with an alphabetic (a-z or A-Z) character, and must be 4 to 30 characters in length.
OHS Component Name: Specify the name of your OHS component (for example,
ohs1). This name may only contain alphanumeric and the hyphen (-) and underscore (_) characters, and must be 4 to 30 characters in length.
Web Cache Component Name: Specify the name of your Web Cache component (for example,
webcache1). This name may only contain alphanumeric and underscore (_) characters, must begin with an alphabetic (a-z or A-Z) character, and must be 4 to 30 characters in length.
Web Cache Administrator Password Screen
Specify the password for your Web Cache administrator. Valid passwords are 5 to 30 characters long, must begin with an alphabetic character, use only alphanumeric, underscore (_), dollar ($) or pound (#) characters and include at least one number.
Configure Ports Screen
Select Auto Port Configuration.
Specify Email for Security Updates Screen
Enter your E-mail address if you want to receive the latest product information and security updates. If you have a My Oracle account and wish to receive updates via this mechanism, select I wish to receive security updates via My Oracle Support, then enter your account password.
If you do not wish to register for Oracle Configuration Manager, leave all the fields on this screen blank. You will be asked to confirm that you do not wish to receive updates for your configuration. Click Yes to confirm your selection.
Installation Summary Screen
Installation Progress Screen
No action is required; the installer will advance to the next screen after installation is complete.
No action is required; the installer will advance to the next screen after configuration is complete.
Installation Completed Screen
At the end of the summary information, there is a section called Accessible URLs which give you the links needed to access the configured Oracle HTTP Server and Oracle Web Cache. Saving this information will make it easier for you to access these pages whenever you need to.
Click Save to save the summary information on this screen. You will be prompted to specify a name and location for your summary file.
You can perform any combination of the following tasks to verify that your installation was successful:
Check for the presence of installation log files in
logs directory inside your Oracle Inventory directory. On UNIX systems, if you do not know the location of your Oracle Inventory directory, you can find it in the
/oraInst.loc file. On Windows systems, the default location for the inventory directory is
opmnctl status command from the
bin directory in your instance home location. For example, on a UNIX system:
> cd $INSTANCE_HOME/bin > ./opmnctl status Processes in Instance: instance2 ---------------------------------+--------------------+---------+--------- ias-component | process-type | pid | status ---------------------------------+--------------------+---------+--------- webcache1 | WebCache-admin | 24057 | Alive webcache1 | WebCache | 24056 | Alive ohs1 | OHS | 23890 | Alive
This information shows the components configured for this installation. The status "Alive" means the component is up and running.
opmnctl status -l command from the
bin directory in your instance home location to obtain a list of ports used by the components. For example, on a UNIX system:
> cd $INSTANCE_HOME/bin > ./opmnctl status -l ---------------------------------+--------------------+---------+----------+------------+----------+-----------+------ ias-component | process-type | pid | status | uid | memused | uptime | ports ---------------------------------+--------------------+---------+----------+------------+----------+-----------+------ webcache1 | WebCache-admin | 24057 | Alive | 1067146469 | 43712 | 14:43:29 | http_admin:7799 webcache1 | WebCache | 24056 | Alive | 1067146468 | 64072 | 14:43:29 | http_stat:7800,http_invalidation:7801,https_listen:7802,http_listen:7798 ohs1 | OHS | 23890 | Alive | 1067146467 | 50260 | 14:43:39 | https:9999,https:4447,http:7777
Use the port numbers in this display to point your browser to the appropriate pages. Use the format:
Based on the information above, you would use the URLs in Table 3 to access the various pages from this configuration:
Oracle HTTP Server
Oracle HTTP Server SSL
Oracle Web Cache
Oracle Web Cache SSL
Oracle Web Cache Administration
Oracle Web Cache Statistics
You should always use the instructions provided in this section for removing the software. If you try to remove the software manually, you may experience problems when you try to reinstall the software again at a later time. Following the procedures in this section will ensure that the software is properly removed.
The Oracle Web Tier deinstaller gives you the following software removal options:
Deinstall Oracle Home
Deinstall ASInstances managed by WebLogic Domain
Deinstall Unmanaged ASInstances
This section describes how to remove the entire Oracle Home directory. For more information about the other deinstall types, refer to "Deinstalling Oracle Web Tier" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Web Tier.
The deinstaller will attempt to remove the Oracle Home from which it was started. Before you choose to remove your Web Tier Oracle Home, make sure that it is not in use by an existing domain, and also make sure you stop all running processes that use this Oracle Home.
To start the deinstaller, navigate to the
/oui/bin (for UNIX) or
\oui\bin (for Windows) directory and start the deinstaller.
On UNIX systems:
On Windows systems:
On Windows systems, you can also start the deinstaller from the Start menu by selecting Programs > Oracle Web Tier 11g - Home1 > Uninstall.
Follow the instructions below to remove the installed software.
Select Deinstallation Type Screen
Select Deinstall Oracle Home.
Deinstall Oracle Home Screen
Verify the Oracle Home you are about to deinstall.
Click Next to continue.
Deinstall Progress Screen
This screen shows the progress and status of the deinstallation. No action is required; the installer will automatically advance to the next screen when deinstallation is complete.
Deinstall Complete Screen
For additional information, refer to the Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Web Tier, which is available on the Oracle Fusion Middleware Documentation CD-ROM.
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