MySQL 5.6 Reference Manual Including MySQL NDB Cluster 7.3-7.4 Reference Guide

4.6.1 innochecksum — Offline InnoDB File Checksum Utility

innochecksum prints checksums for InnoDB files. This tool reads an InnoDB tablespace file, calculates the checksum for each page, compares the calculated checksum to the stored checksum, and reports mismatches, which indicate damaged pages. It was originally developed to speed up verifying the integrity of tablespace files after power outages but can also be used after file copies. Because checksum mismatches cause InnoDB to deliberately shut down a running server, it may be preferable to use this tool rather than waiting for an in-production server to encounter the damaged pages. As of MySQL 5.6.16, innochecksum supports files greater than 2GB in size. Previously, innochecksum only supported files up to 2GB in size.

innochecksum does not support tablespaces that contain compressed pages.

innochecksum cannot be used on tablespace files that the server already has open. For such files, you should use CHECK TABLE to check tables within the tablespace.

If checksum mismatches are found, you would normally restore the tablespace from backup or start the server and attempt to use mysqldump to make a backup of the tables within the tablespace.

Invoke innochecksum like this:

shell> innochecksum [options] file_name

innochecksum supports the following options. For options that refer to page numbers, the numbers are zero-based.