MySQL 8.0 Reference Manual Including MySQL NDB Cluster 8.0 ANALYZE TABLE Syntax

    TABLE tbl_name [, tbl_name] ...

    TABLE tbl_name
    UPDATE HISTOGRAM ON col_name [, col_name] ...
        [WITH N BUCKETS]

    TABLE tbl_name
    DROP HISTOGRAM ON col_name [, col_name] ...

ANALYZE TABLE generates table statistics:


If the innodb_read_only system variable is enabled, ANALYZE TABLE may fail because it cannot update statistics tables in the data dictionary, which use InnoDB. For ANALYZE TABLE operations that update the key distribution, failure may occur even if the operation updates the table itself (for example, if it is a MyISAM table). To obtain the updated distribution statistics, set information_schema_stats_expiry=0.

This statement requires SELECT and INSERT privileges for the table.

ANALYZE TABLE works with InnoDB, NDB, and MyISAM tables. It does not work with views.

ANALYZE TABLE is supported for partitioned tables, and you can use ALTER TABLE ... ANALYZE PARTITION to analyze one or more partitions; for more information, see Section 13.1.9, “ALTER TABLE Syntax”, and Section 23.3.4, “Maintenance of Partitions”.

During the analysis, the table is locked with a read lock for InnoDB and MyISAM.

By default, the server writes ANALYZE TABLE statements to the binary log so that they replicate to replication slaves. To suppress logging, specify the optional NO_WRITE_TO_BINLOG keyword or its alias LOCAL.


ANALYZE TABLE returns a result set with the columns shown in the following table.

Column Value
Table The table name
Op analyze or histogram
Msg_type status, error, info, note, or warning
Msg_text An informational message
Key Distribution Analysis

ANALYZE TABLE without either HISTOGRAM clause performs a key distribution analysis and stores the distribution for the table or tables. Any existing histogram statistics remain unaffected.

If the table has not changed since the last key distribution analysis, the table is not analyzed again.

MySQL uses the stored key distribution to decide the order in which tables should be joined for joins on something other than a constant. In addition, key distributions can be used when deciding which indexes to use for a specific table within a query.

For more information on how key distribution analysis works within InnoDB, see Section, “Configuring Persistent Optimizer Statistics Parameters” and Section, “Estimating ANALYZE TABLE Complexity for InnoDB Tables”. Also see Section, “Limits on InnoDB Tables”. In particular, when you enable the innodb_stats_persistent option, you must run ANALYZE TABLE after loading substantial data into an InnoDB table, or creating a new index for one.

To check the stored key distribution cardinality, use the SHOW INDEX statement or the INFORMATION_SCHEMA STATISTICS table. See Section, “SHOW INDEX Syntax”, and Section 25.26, “The INFORMATION_SCHEMA STATISTICS Table”.

Histogram Statistics Analysis

ANALYZE TABLE with the HISTOGRAM clauses enables management of histogram statistics for table column values. For information about histogram statistics, see Section 8.9.6, “Optimizer Statistics”.

These histogram operations are available:

  • ANALYZE TABLE with an UPDATE HISTOGRAM clause generates histogram statistics for the named table columns and stores them in the data dictionary. Only one table name is permitted for this syntax.

    The optional WITH N BUCKETS clauses specifies the number of buckets for the histogram. The value of N must be an integer in the range from 1 to 1024. If this clause is omitted, the number of buckets is 100.

  • ANALYZE TABLE with a DROP HISTOGRAM clause removes histogram statistics for the named table columns from the data dictionary. Only one table name is permitted for this syntax.

Stored histogram management statements affect only the named columns. Consider these statements:


The first statement updates the histograms for columns c1, c2, and c3, replacing any existing histograms for those columns. The second statement updates the histograms for c1 and c3, leaving the c2 histogram unaffected. The third statement removes the histogram for c2, leaving those for c1 and c3 unaffected.

Histogram generation is not supported for encrypted tables (to avoid exposing data in the statistics) or TEMPORARY tables.

Histogram generation applies to columns of all data types except geometry types (spatial data) and JSON.

Histograms can be generated for stored and virtual generated columns.

Histograms cannot be generated for columns that are covered by single-column unique indexes.

Histogram management statements attempt to perform as much of the requested operation as possible, and report diagnostic messages for the remainder. For example, if an UPDATE HISTOGRAM statement names multiple columns, but some of them do not exist or have an unsupported data type, histograms are generated for the other columns, and messages are produced for the invalid columns.

The histogram_generation_max_mem_size system variable controls the maximum amount of memory available for histogram generation. The global and session values may be set at runtime.

Changing the global histogram_generation_max_mem_size value requires privileges sufficient to set global system variables. Changing the session histogram_generation_max_mem_size value requires privileges sufficient to set restricted session system variables. See Section, “System Variable Privileges”.

For information about memory allocations performed for histogram generation, monitor the Performance Schema memory/sql/histograms instrument. See Section, “Memory Summary Tables”.

Histograms are affected by these DDL statements:

  • DROP TABLE removes histograms for columns in the dropped table.

  • DROP DATABASE removes histograms for any table in the dropped database because the statement drops all tables in the database.

  • RENAME TABLE does not remove histograms. Instead, it renames histograms for the renamed table to be associated with the new table name.

  • ALTER TABLE statements that remove or modify a column remove histograms for that column.

  • ALTER TABLE ... CONVERT TO CHARACTER SET removes histograms for character columns because they are affected by the change of character set. Histograms for noncharacter columns remain unaffected.

Other Considerations

ANALYZE TABLE clears table statistics from the INFORMATION_SCHEMA.INNODB_TABLESTATS table and sets the STATS_INITIALIZED column to Uninitialized. Statistics are collected again the next time the table is accessed.