MySQL 8.0 Reference Manual Including MySQL NDB Cluster 8.0

13.6.7.1 DECLARE ... CONDITION Syntax

DECLARE condition_name CONDITION FOR condition_value

condition_value: {
    mysql_error_code
  | SQLSTATE [VALUE] sqlstate_value
}

The DECLARE ... CONDITION statement declares a named error condition, associating a name with a condition that needs specific handling. The name can be referred to in a subsequent DECLARE ... HANDLER statement (see Section 13.6.7.2, “DECLARE ... HANDLER Syntax”).

Condition declarations must appear before cursor or handler declarations.

The condition_value for DECLARE ... CONDITION indicates the specific condition or class of conditions to associate with the condition name. It can take the following forms:

Condition names referred to in SIGNAL or use RESIGNAL statements must be associated with SQLSTATE values, not MySQL error codes.

Using names for conditions can help make stored program code clearer. For example, this handler applies to attempts to drop a nonexistent table, but that is apparent only if you know that 1051 is the MySQL error code for unknown table:

DECLARE CONTINUE HANDLER FOR 1051
  BEGIN
    -- body of handler
  END;

By declaring a name for the condition, the purpose of the handler is more readily seen:

DECLARE no_such_table CONDITION FOR 1051;
DECLARE CONTINUE HANDLER FOR no_such_table
  BEGIN
    -- body of handler
  END;

Here is a named condition for the same condition, but based on the corresponding SQLSTATE value rather than the MySQL error code:

DECLARE no_such_table CONDITION FOR SQLSTATE '42S02';
DECLARE CONTINUE HANDLER FOR no_such_table
  BEGIN
    -- body of handler
  END;