MySQL Enterprise Backup User's Guide (Version 4.0.3)

Abstract

This is the user manual for MySQL Enterprise Backup, a commercially licensed backup utility for MySQL databases. It explains the different kinds of backup and restore that can be performed with MySQL Enterprise Backup, and describes the commands for performing them. Strategies for optimizing backup and restore operations are also discussed.

For notes detailing the changes in each release, see the MySQL Enterprise Backup 4.0 Release Notes.

For legal information, see the Legal Notices.

Licensing information.  This product may include third-party software, used under license. See this document for licensing information, including licensing information relating to third-party software that may be included in this MySQL Enterprise Backup release.

For help with using MySQL, please visit either the MySQL Forums or MySQL Mailing Lists, where you can discuss your issues with other MySQL users.

For additional documentation on MySQL products, including translations of the documentation into other languages, and downloadable versions in variety of formats, including HTML and PDF formats, see the MySQL Documentation Library.

Document generated on: 2017-12-08 (revision: 7050)


Table of Contents

Preface and Legal Notices
I Getting Started with MySQL Enterprise Backup
1 Introduction to MySQL Enterprise Backup
1.1 The mysqlbackup Client
1.2 Overview of Backup Types
1.3 Files that Are Backed Up
1.3.1 Types of Files Contained in a Backup
1.3.2 Files Backed up for InnoDB Data
1.3.3 Files Backed up for Data Stored with MyISAM and Other Storage Engines
1.3.4 Files Generated by mysqlbackup
2 Installing MySQL Enterprise Backup
3 What's New in MySQL Enterprise Backup 4.0?
II Using MySQL Enterprise Backup
4 Backing Up a Database Server
4.1 Before the First Backup
4.1.1 Collect Database Information
4.1.2 Grant MySQL Privileges to Backup Administrator
4.1.3 Designate a Location for the Backup Directory
4.2 The Typical Backup / Verify / Restore Cycle
4.2.1 Backing Up an Entire MySQL Instance
4.2.2 Verifying a Backup
4.2.3 Restoring a Database
4.3 Backup Scenarios and Examples
4.3.1 Making a Single-File Backup
4.3.2 Making a Full Backup
4.3.3 Making a Differential or Incremental Backup
4.3.4 Making a Compressed Backup
4.3.5 Making a Partial Backup
4.3.6 Making an Optimistic Backup
4.3.7 Making a Back Up of In-Memory Database Data
4.3.8 Making Scheduled Backups
4.4 Making Backups with a Distributed File System (DFS) or Storage Access Network (SAN)
5 Recovering or Restoring a Database
5.1 Performing a Restore Operation
5.1.1 Restoring a Compressed Backup
5.1.2 Restoring an Encrypted Backup Image
5.1.3 Restoring an Incremental Backup
5.1.4 Restoring Backups Created with the --use-tts Option
5.1.5 Restoring a Backup from Cloud Storage to a MySQL Server
5.1.6 Advanced: Preparing and Restoring a Directory Backup
5.2 Point-in-Time Recovery from a Hot Backup
5.3 Restoring a Backup with a Database Upgrade or Downgrade
6 Working with Encrypted InnoDB Tables
7 Using MySQL Enterprise Backup with Replication
7.1 Setting Up a New Replication Slave
7.2 Backing up and Restoring a Slave Database
7.3 Restoring a Master Database
8 Encryption for Backups
9 Using MySQL Enterprise Backup with Media Management Software (MMS) Products
9.1 Backing Up to Tape with Oracle Secure Backup
10 Performance Considerations for MySQL Enterprise Backup
10.1 Optimizing Backup Performance
10.2 Optimizing Restore Performance
11 Monitoring Backups with MySQL Enterprise Monitor
12 Troubleshooting for MySQL Enterprise Backup
12.1 Error codes of MySQL Enterprise Backup
12.2 Working Around Corruption Problems
12.3 Using the MySQL Enterprise Backup Logs
12.4 Using the MySQL Enterprise Backup Manifest
III mysqlbackup Command Reference
13 mysqlbackup
14 mysqlbackup commands
14.1 Backup Operations
14.2 Update Operations
14.3 Restore Operations
14.4 Validation Operations
14.5 Other Single-File Backup Operations
15 mysqlbackup Command-Line Options
15.1 Standard Options
15.2 Connection Options
15.3 Server Repository Options
15.4 Backup Repository Options
15.5 Metadata Options
15.6 Compression Options
15.7 Incremental Backup Options
15.8 Partial Backup and Restore Options
15.9 Single-File Backup Options
15.10 Performance / Scalability / Capacity Options
15.11 Message Logging Options
15.12 Progress Report Options
15.13 Encryption Options
15.14 Options for Working with Encrypted InnoDB Tablespaces
15.15 Cloud Storage Options
15.16 Options for Special Backup Types
16 Configuration Files and Parameters
IV Appendixes
A Frequently Asked Questions for MySQL Enterprise Backup
B Limitations of MySQL Enterprise Backup
C Compatibility Information for MySQL Enterprise Backup
C.1 Cross-Platform Compatibility
C.2 Compatibility with MySQL Versions
C.3 Compatibility with Older MySQL Enterprise Backup
MySQL Enterprise Backup Glossary
Index

List of Tables

1.1 Types of Files in a Backup
4.1 Information Needed to Back Up a Database
15.1 List of All Options

List of Examples

4.1 Single-File Backup to Absolute Path
4.2 Single-File Backup to Relative Path
4.3 Single-File Backup to Standard Output
4.4 Convert Existing Backup Directory to Single Image
4.5 Extract Existing Image to Backup Directory
4.6 List Single-File Backup Contents
4.7 Validate a Single-File Backup
4.8 Extract Single-File Backup into Current Directory
4.9 Extract Single-File Backup into a Backup Directory
4.10 Selective Extract of Single File
4.11 Selective Extract of Single Directory
4.12 Dealing with Absolute Path Names
4.13 Single-File Backup to a Remote Host
4.14 Single-file Backup to a Remote MySQL Server
4.15 Stream a Backup Directory to a Remote MySQL Server
4.16 Creating a Cloud Backup in an Oracle Cloud Storage Service Instance
4.17 Creating a Cloud Backup on an OpenStack Object Storage
4.18 Creating a Cloud Backup on Amazon S3
4.19 Extract an Existing Image from an Oracle Storage Cloud Service instance to a Backup Directory
4.20 Extract an Existing Image from Amazon S3 Cloud Storage to a Backup Directory
4.21 Making an Uncompressed Partial Backup of InnoDB Tables
4.22 Making a Compressed Partial Backup
4.23 Optimistic Backup Using the Option optimistic-time=YYMMDDHHMMSS
4.24 Optimistic Backup Using the Option optimistic-time=now
4.25 Optimistic Backup Using the optimistic-busy-tables Option
4.26 Optimistic and Partial Backup Using both the optimistic-busy-tables and optimistic-time Options
5.1 Restoring a Database
5.2 Restoring a Compressed Backup
5.3 Restoring a Compressed Directory Backup
5.4 Restoring a Compressed and Prepared Directory Backup
5.5 Restoring an Encrypted Backup Image
5.6 Restoring an Incremental Backup Image
5.7 Restoring Selected Tables from a TTS Image Backup
5.8 Restoring and Renaming a Table from a TTS Backup
5.9 Restoring a Single-file Backup from an Oracle Cloud Storage Service Instance to a MySQL Server
5.10 Restoring a Single-file Backup from an OpenStack Object Storage to a MySQL Server
5.11 Restoring a Single-file Backup from Amazon S3 to a MySQL Server
5.12 Restoring a Backup Directory using copy-back-and-apply-log
5.13 Applying the Log to a Backup
5.14 Applying the Log to a Compressed Backup
9.1 Sample mysqlbackup Commands Using MySQL Enterprise Backup with Oracle Secure Backup
14.1 Apply Log to Full Backup
16.1 Example backup-my.cnf file