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System Administration Guide: Oracle Solaris Containers-Resource Management and Oracle Solaris Zones
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Part I Resource Management

1.  Introduction to Solaris 10 Resource Management

2.  Projects and Tasks (Overview)

3.  Administering Projects and Tasks

4.  Extended Accounting (Overview)

5.  Administering Extended Accounting (Tasks)

6.  Resource Controls (Overview)

7.  Administering Resource Controls (Tasks)

8.  Fair Share Scheduler (Overview)

Introduction to the Scheduler

CPU Share Definition

CPU Shares and Process State

CPU Share Versus Utilization

CPU Share Examples

Example 1: Two CPU-Bound Processes in Each Project

Example 2: No Competition Between Projects

Example 3: One Project Unable to Run

FSS Configuration

Projects and Users

CPU Shares Configuration

FSS and Processor Sets

FSS and Processor Sets Examples

Combining FSS With Other Scheduling Classes

Setting the Scheduling Class for the System

Scheduling Class on a System with Zones Installed

Commands Used With FSS

9.  Administering the Fair Share Scheduler (Tasks)

10.  Physical Memory Control Using the Resource Capping Daemon (Overview)

11.  Administering the Resource Capping Daemon (Tasks)

12.  Resource Pools (Overview)

13.  Creating and Administering Resource Pools (Tasks)

14.  Resource Management Configuration Example

15.  Resource Control Functionality in the Solaris Management Console

Part II Zones

16.  Introduction to Solaris Zones

17.  Non-Global Zone Configuration (Overview)

18.  Planning and Configuring Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

19.  About Installing, Halting, Cloning, and Uninstalling Non-Global Zones (Overview)

20.  Installing, Booting, Halting, Uninstalling, and Cloning Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

21.  Non-Global Zone Login (Overview)

22.  Logging In to Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

23.  Moving and Migrating Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

24.  Solaris 10 9/10: Migrating a Physical Solaris System Into a Zone (Tasks)

25.  About Packages and Patches on a Solaris System With Zones Installed (Overview)

26.  Adding and Removing Packages and Patches on a Solaris System With Zones Installed (Tasks)

27.  Solaris Zones Administration (Overview)

28.  Solaris Zones Administration (Tasks)

29.  Upgrading a Solaris 10 System That Has Installed Non-Global Zones

30.  Troubleshooting Miscellaneous Solaris Zones Problems

Part III lx Branded Zones

31.  About Branded Zones and the Linux Branded Zone

32.  Planning the lx Branded Zone Configuration (Overview)

33.  Configuring the lx Branded Zone (Tasks)

34.  About Installing, Booting, Halting, Cloning, and Uninstalling lx Branded Zones (Overview)

35.  Installing, Booting, Halting, Uninstalling and Cloning lx Branded Zones (Tasks)

36.  Logging In to lx Branded Zones (Tasks)

37.  Moving and Migrating lx Branded Zones (Tasks)

38.  Administering and Running Applications in lx Branded Zones (Tasks)



FSS and Processor Sets

The FSS can be used in conjunction with processor sets to provide more fine-grained controls over allocations of CPU resources among projects that run on each processor set than would be available with processor sets alone. The FSS scheduler treats processor sets as entirely independent partitions, with each processor set controlled independently with respect to CPU allocations.

The CPU allocations of projects running in one processor set are not affected by the CPU shares or activity of projects running in another processor set because the projects are not competing for the same resources. Projects only compete with each other if they are running within the same processor set.

The number of shares allocated to a project is system wide. Regardless of which processor set it is running on, each portion of a project is given the same amount of shares.

When processor sets are used, project CPU allocations are calculated for active projects that run within each processor set.

Project partitions that run on different processor sets might have different CPU allocations. The CPU allocation for each project partition in a processor set depends only on the allocations of other projects that run on the same processor set.

The performance and availability of applications that run within the boundaries of their processor sets are not affected by the introduction of new processor sets. The applications are also not affected by changes that are made to the share allocations of projects that run on other processor sets.

Empty processor sets (sets without processors in them) or processor sets without processes bound to them do not have any impact on the FSS scheduler behavior.

FSS and Processor Sets Examples

Assume that a server with eight CPUs is running several CPU-bound applications in projects A, B, and C. Project A is allocated one share, project B is allocated two shares, and project C is allocated three shares.

Project A is running only on processor set 1. Project B is running on processor sets 1 and 2. Project C is running on processor sets 1, 2, and 3. Assume that each project has enough processes to utilize all available CPU power. Thus, there is always competition for CPU resources on each processor set.

Diagram shows total system-wide project CPU allocations on a server with eight CPUs that is running several CPU-bound applications in three projects.

The total system-wide project CPU allocations on such a system are shown in the following table.

Project A
4% = (1/6 X 2/8)pset1
Project B
28% = (2/6 X 2/8)pset1+ (2/5 * 4/8)pset2
Project C
67% = (3/6 X 2/8)pset1+ (3/5 X 4/8)pset2+ (3/3 X 2/8)pset3

These percentages do not match the corresponding amounts of CPU shares that are given to projects. However, within each processor set, the per-project CPU allocation ratios are proportional to their respective shares.

On the same system without processor sets, the distribution of CPU resources would be different, as shown in the following table.

Project A
16.66% = (1/6)
Project B
33.33% = (2/6)
Project C
50% = (3/6)