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|Oracle Solaris 10 9/10 Installation Guide: Planning for Installation and Upgrade|
You should distribute state database replicas across slices, drives, and controllers, to avoid single points of failure. You want a majority of replicas to survive a single component failure. If you lose a replica, when a device fails, for example, the failure might cause problems with running Solaris Volume Manager software or when rebooting the system. Solaris Volume Manager software requires at least half of the replicas to be available to run, but a majority (half plus one) to reboot into multiuser mode.
For detailed instructions about creating and administering state database replicas, see Solaris Volume Manager Administration Guide.
Before selecting slices for state database replicas, consider the following guidelines and recommendations.
Before choosing the number of state database replicas, consider the following guidelines.
For a system with only a single drive: put all three replicas in one slice.
For a system with two to four drives: put two replicas on each drive.
For a system with five or more drives: put one replica on each drive.
If you have a RAID-1 volume that is to be used for small-sized random I/O (for example, for a database), consider your number of replicas. For best performance, ensure that you have at least two extra replicas per RAID-1 volume on slices (and preferably on disks and controllers) that are unconnected to the RAID-1 volume.
If multiple controllers exist, replicas should be distributed as evenly as possible across all controllers. This strategy provides redundancy if a controller fails and also helps balance the load. If multiple disks exist on a controller, at least two of the disks on each controller should store a replica.